Measuring ground displacements from SAR amplitude images: Application to the Landers earthquake

Rémi Michel, Jean Philippe Avouac, Jean Taboury

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

222 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

ERS SAR amplitude images are utilized to map ground displacements from a sub-pixel correlation method. It yields a ground two-dimensional displacement field with independent measurements about every 128m in azimuth and 250m in range. The accuracy depends on the characteristics of the images. For the Landers test case, the 1-σ uncertainty is 0.8m in range and 0.4m in azimuth. We show that this measurement provides a map of major surface fault ruptures accurate to better than 1km and information on coseismic deformation comparable to the 92 GPS measurements available. Although less accurate, this technique is more robust than SAR interferometry and provides complementary information since interferograms are only sensitive to the displacement in range.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)875-878
Number of pages4
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume26
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 1999

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