The market for single medium and large-scale wind turbines deployed at industrial consumer sites has future expansion potential, due to evolving electricity systems from centralised to distributed. Many industrial sites have low-rise buildings, typically found in peri-urban environments, such as at the edge of towns and cities. Unlike rural onshore wind farm sites, peri-urban wind environments can have more complex wind regimes with respect to turbulence, wind shear and gusts. The resulting wind conditions may influence a wind turbine's energy performance and have turbulence characteristics that exceed current international turbine design standard specifications. These conditions can give rise to extra challenges in wind turbine micro-siting and reduce turbine operational lifetimes in peri-urban environments. This field study examines the impact of buildings on the wind characteristics and energy performance of an 850 kW wind turbine in a peri-urban environment. A 16 sector directional analysis of long-term SCADA data, onsite LiDAR measurements and measurements from a local rural met mast, combined with a morphological analysis of local buildings show that buildings higher than 20% of hub-height with sector wise plan area fractions greater than 20% are significant. New peri-urban micro-siting recommendations and revisions to IEC standard normal wind turbulence models are suggested.
|Number of pages||17|
|Journal||Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics|
|Early online date||13 Mar 2021|
|Publication status||Published (in print/issue) - 31 May 2021|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
?The authors wish to acknowledge the support of the INTERREG VA SPIRE2 project. This research was supported by the European Union's INTERREG VA Programme (Grant No. INT-VA/049), managed by the Special EU Programmes Body (SEUPB). The views and opinions expressed in this document do not necessarily reflect those of the European Commission or the Special EU Programmes Body (SEUPB).?, ?The authors also acknowledge the Research Office at Dundalk Institute of Technology?.
© 2021 The Authors
- Distributed wind
- Urban morphology
- Urban wind
- Wind resource