Maternal polymorphisms in glutathione-related genes are associated with maternal mercury concentrations and early child neurodevelopment in a population with a fish-rich diet

Karin Wahlberg, Tanzy M Love, Daniela Pineda, Karin Engstrom, Gene E Watson, Sally W Thurston, Alison J. Yeates, Maria S. Mulhern, Emeir M McSorley, J J Strain, Tristam H Smith, Philip W Davidson, Conrad F Shamlaye, GJ Myers, Matthew D Rand, Edwin van Wijngaarden, Karin Broberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)
23 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Introduction
Glutathione (GSH) pathways play a key role the metabolism and elimination of the neurotoxicant methylmercury (MeHg). We hypothesized that maternal genetic variation linked to GSH pathways could influence MeHg concentrations in pregnant mothers and children and thereby also affect early life development.

Methods
The GCLM (rs41303970, C/T), GCLC (rs761142, T/G) and GSTP1 (rs1695, A/G) polymorphisms were genotyped in 1449 mothers in a prospective study of the Seychellois population with a diet rich in fish. Genotypes were analyzed in association with maternal hair and blood Hg, fetal blood Hg (cord blood Hg), as well as children's mental (MDI) and motor development (PDI; MDI and PDI assessed by Bayley Scales of Infant Development at 20 months). We also examined whether genotypes modified the association between Hg exposure and developmental outcomes.

Results
GCLC rs761142 TT homozygotes showed statistically higher mean maternal hair Hg (4.12 ppm) than G carriers (AG 3.73 and GG 3.52 ppm) (p = 0.037). For the combination of GCLC rs761142 and GCLM rs41303970, double homozygotes TT + CC showed higher hair Hg (4.40 ppm) than G + T carriers (3.44 ppm; p = 0.018). No associations were observed between GSTP1 rs1695 and maternal hair Hg or between any genotypes and maternal blood Hg or cord blood Hg. The maternal GSTP1 rs1695 rare allele (G) was associated with a lower MDI among children (β = −1.48, p = 0.048). We also observed some interactions: increasing Hg in maternal and cord blood was associated with lower PDI among GCLC rs761142 TT carriers; and increasing Hg in hair was associated with lower MDI among GSTP1 rs1695 GG carriers.

Conclusions
Maternal genetic variation in genes involved in GSH synthesis is statistically associated with Hg concentrations in maternal hair, but not in maternal or fetal blood. We observed interactions that suggest maternal GSH genetics may modify associations between MeHg exposure and neurodevelopmental outcomes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)142-149
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironment International
Volume115
Early online date21 Mar 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2018

Keywords

  • Methylmercury
  • GCLC
  • GCLM
  • neurodevelopment

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Maternal polymorphisms in glutathione-related genes are associated with maternal mercury concentrations and early child neurodevelopment in a population with a fish-rich diet'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this