Maritime Cultural Heritage, Coastal Change and Threat Assessment in Syria

K Westley, Nicolas Carayon, Jafar Anbar, Colin Breen, Lucy Blue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Syria’s coastal and nearshore zone contains a significant, but under-researched, record of maritime cultural heritage (MCH) ranging from prehistory to the present. This is exemplified by a lack of underwater investigations, but also limited investigation of key onshore maritime sites such as ports and harbours. There is also a lack of specialist in-country management regarding maritime cultural heritage research and protection. This situation has been worsened by the ongoing conflict (since 2011), which has reduced (already limited) field investigation. To assist in the advancement of Syrian maritime archaeology, this paper presents a baseline assessment which makes use of a geospatial database generated from satellite imagery as well as both published and grey literature. This assessment reviews past coastal environment changes affecting the Syrian littoral, and then highlights past disturbances and potential future threats impacting the MCH. This is done through analysis of all coastal/nearshore sites documented to date and showcased in more detail using two case studies: Tabbat al-Hammam and Ras Ibn Hani. This enables discussion of the current state of Syrian maritime archaeology and suggests ways forward for its future management and investigation.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Maritime Archaeology
Early online date13 Sep 2022
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 13 Sep 2022


  • Maritime archaeology
  • remote sensing
  • satellite imagery
  • historic environment management


Dive into the research topics of 'Maritime Cultural Heritage, Coastal Change and Threat Assessment in Syria'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this