Lusophone-African Insertions in Portugal's Dual Labour Market

Martin Eaton

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    The phenomenon of immigration into Portugal, particularly from ex-colonial possessions in Africa, is examined in relation to the migrant’s differential insertions in both the formal and informal labour markets. The article focuses upon the differences within, and between, the Cape Verdean, Guinea-Bissauan, and Mozambican communities. Investigation shows that, in general, Lusophone-African immigrants occupy the lower echelons of the occupational pyramid working mainly in the manual labouring sectors of the host economy. However, growing numbers have now established niche roles in more skilled and professional arenas, and this has allowed some members of particular national groupings to become more upwardly mobile. As a result, the formal/informal (or dual) nature of the Portuguese immigrant labour market is shown to be an important feature of the national economy, and one that is unlikely to change given the escalation of legal foreign residence and the inherent difficulties of accessing reliable data on illegal immigration.
    LanguageEnglish
    Pages157-167
    JournalInternational Journal of Iberian Studies
    Volume14
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 2001

    Fingerprint

    Portugal
    labor market
    immigrant
    illegal immigration
    Guinea
    escalation
    national economy
    possession
    grouping
    immigration
    migrant
    economy
    community
    Immigration
    Africa
    Labour Market
    Economy
    Immigrants
    Insertion
    Grouping

    Keywords

    • Portugal
    • Immigration
    • Lusophone-Africans
    • Labour Market
    • Occupation

    Cite this

    Eaton, Martin. / Lusophone-African Insertions in Portugal's Dual Labour Market. 2001 ; Vol. 14, No. 3. pp. 157-167.
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    title = "Lusophone-African Insertions in Portugal's Dual Labour Market",
    abstract = "The phenomenon of immigration into Portugal, particularly from ex-colonial possessions in Africa, is examined in relation to the migrant’s differential insertions in both the formal and informal labour markets. The article focuses upon the differences within, and between, the Cape Verdean, Guinea-Bissauan, and Mozambican communities. Investigation shows that, in general, Lusophone-African immigrants occupy the lower echelons of the occupational pyramid working mainly in the manual labouring sectors of the host economy. However, growing numbers have now established niche roles in more skilled and professional arenas, and this has allowed some members of particular national groupings to become more upwardly mobile. As a result, the formal/informal (or dual) nature of the Portuguese immigrant labour market is shown to be an important feature of the national economy, and one that is unlikely to change given the escalation of legal foreign residence and the inherent difficulties of accessing reliable data on illegal immigration.",
    keywords = "Portugal, Immigration, Lusophone-Africans, Labour Market, Occupation",
    author = "Martin Eaton",
    note = "Reference text: Maria do C{\'e}u Esteves, (org.) Portugal: Pa{\'i}s de Imigra{\cc}{\~a}o. Lisboa:IEPD, 1991; Maria Rocha-Trindade, (coord.) Sociologia das Migra{\cc}{\~o}es. Universidade Aberta: Lisboa, 1995; Pierre Guibentif, “Le Portugal Face {\`a} L’Immigration”, Revue Europ{\'e}enne des Migrations Internationales, Vol.12, No. 1, 1996, pp.121-138. Instituto Nacional de Estat{\'i}stica, Estat{\'i}sticas Demogr{\'a}ficas. INE: Lisboa, 1999, p. 153. Paule Dupraz, “Pour une Bibliographie des Immigrations Africaines au Portugal”, Lusotopie,1999, pp. 516-524. Martin Baldwin-Edwards, “Where Free Markets Reign: Aliens in the Twilight Zone”, p. 2, in Martin Baldwin-Edwards and Joaquin Arango, eds., Immigrants and the Informal Economy in Southern Europe, London: Cass, 1999, pp. 1-15. Russell King, Anthony Fielding and Richard Black, “The International Migration Turnaround in Southern Europe”, in Russell King & Richard Black, eds., Southern Europe and the New Migrations,Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 1997, pp. 1-25. Baldwin-Edwards, op. cit., p. 3. Maria Baganha, “Portuguese Emigration after World War II”, in Ant{\'o}nio Costa Pinto, ed., Modern Portugal, Palo Alto: SPOSS, 1998, pp. 189-205. Fernando Machado, “Luso-Africanos em Portugal: nas Margens da Etnicidade”, Sociologia – Problemas e Pr{\'a}ticas, Vol. 16, 1994, pp. 111-134, Fernando Machado,“Contornos e Especificidades da Imigra{\cc}{\~a}o em Portugal”, Sociologia: Problemas e Pr{\'a}ticas, Vol. 16, 1997, pp. 9-44. Jo{\~a}o Filho, “Inmigrantes Caboverdianos en Portugal”, Arbor, Vol.154, No. 607, 1996, pp. 151-170. David Brookshaw,“Islands Apart: Tradition and Transition”, Index on Censorship, Vol. 6, 1992, pp. 13-14, Michel Cahen, “{\^I}les du Cap Vert: d’un Micro-Monde au Syst{\`e}me-Monde?”, Lusotopie, 1999, pp.525-530. David Corkill and Martin Eaton,“Multicultural Insertions in a Small Economy: Portugal’s Immigrant Communities”, South European Society and Politics, Vol. 3, No. 3, 1998, p. 149–168. Ella Rule,“Portuguese Nationality Law in Outline”, Immigration Nationality Law and Practice, Vol. 10, No.1, 1996, pp. 12-15. David Corkill, The Development of the Portuguese Economy: A Case of Europeanisation, London: Routledge 1999, p. 172. Jim Lewis and Allan Williams, “Portugal’s Retornados: Reintegration or Rejection?”, Iberian Studies, Vol. XIV, Nos.1-2, 1985, pp. 11-23. Martin Eaton,“Immigration in the 1990s: A Study of the Portuguese Labour Market”, European Urban and Regional Studies, Vol. 6, No. 4,1999, pp. 364-370. Jorge Malheiros, “Immigration, Clandestine Work and Labour Market Strategies: the Construction Sector in the Metropolitan Region of Lisbon”, Southern European Society and Politics, Vol. 3, No. 3, 1998,pp. 169-185. Maria Fonseca, “The Geography of Recent Immigration to Portugal”unpublished paper at Conference on Non-Military Aspects of Security in Southern Europe: Migration, Employment and the Labour Market, Santorini, Greece,1997. Virginia Branco,“L’Immigration au Portugal: Une Nouvelle Immigration dans un Ancien Pays d’{\'E}migration”,unpublished MA thesis, Paris: IEPPCSS, 1999. Fernando Machado, op. cit., 1997, pp. 24-25. Fernando Machado, ibid. 21 INE, op. cit., p. 158. David Corkill, “Multiple Identities, Immigration and Racism in Spain and Portugal”, in Brian Jenkins and Spyros Sofos, eds., Nation and Identity in Contemporary Europe, London: Routledge,1996, pp. 155-171. Martin Eaton, “Foreign Residents and Illegal Immigrants in Portugal”, International Journal of Intercultural Relations, Vol. 22, No. 1, 1998, pp. 49-66. Ubaldo Veiga, “Immigrants in the Spanish Labour Market”, p. 127 in Martin Baldwin-Edwards and Joaquin Arango, eds., Immigrants and the Informal Economy in Southern Europe London: Cass, 1999, pp. 105-128. Maria Baganha,“Immigrant Involvement in the Informal Economy: The Portuguese Case”, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, Vol. 24, No. 2, 1998, pp. 367-385. Eurostat, Eurostat Yearbook 1997: A Statistical Eye on Europe, 1986-1996, Luxembourg: Eurostat, 1997. Maria Fonseca, op.cit., p. 7., Allan Williams and Guy Patterson, “An Empire Lost but a Province Gained: A Cohort Analysis of British International Retirement in the Algarve”, International Journal of Population Geography, Vol. 4, No. 2, 1998, pp. 135-155. Rosana Nunes, “Portuguese Immigrants in Brazil: An Overview”, Portuguese Studies Review, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2000, pp. 27-44.",
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    Eaton, M 2001, 'Lusophone-African Insertions in Portugal's Dual Labour Market', vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 157-167.

    Lusophone-African Insertions in Portugal's Dual Labour Market. / Eaton, Martin.

    Vol. 14, No. 3, 2001, p. 157-167.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Lusophone-African Insertions in Portugal's Dual Labour Market

    AU - Eaton, Martin

    N1 - Reference text: Maria do Céu Esteves, (org.) Portugal: País de Imigração. Lisboa:IEPD, 1991; Maria Rocha-Trindade, (coord.) Sociologia das Migrações. Universidade Aberta: Lisboa, 1995; Pierre Guibentif, “Le Portugal Face à L’Immigration”, Revue Européenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol.12, No. 1, 1996, pp.121-138. Instituto Nacional de Estatística, Estatísticas Demográficas. INE: Lisboa, 1999, p. 153. Paule Dupraz, “Pour une Bibliographie des Immigrations Africaines au Portugal”, Lusotopie,1999, pp. 516-524. Martin Baldwin-Edwards, “Where Free Markets Reign: Aliens in the Twilight Zone”, p. 2, in Martin Baldwin-Edwards and Joaquin Arango, eds., Immigrants and the Informal Economy in Southern Europe, London: Cass, 1999, pp. 1-15. Russell King, Anthony Fielding and Richard Black, “The International Migration Turnaround in Southern Europe”, in Russell King & Richard Black, eds., Southern Europe and the New Migrations,Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 1997, pp. 1-25. Baldwin-Edwards, op. cit., p. 3. Maria Baganha, “Portuguese Emigration after World War II”, in António Costa Pinto, ed., Modern Portugal, Palo Alto: SPOSS, 1998, pp. 189-205. Fernando Machado, “Luso-Africanos em Portugal: nas Margens da Etnicidade”, Sociologia – Problemas e Práticas, Vol. 16, 1994, pp. 111-134, Fernando Machado,“Contornos e Especificidades da Imigração em Portugal”, Sociologia: Problemas e Práticas, Vol. 16, 1997, pp. 9-44. João Filho, “Inmigrantes Caboverdianos en Portugal”, Arbor, Vol.154, No. 607, 1996, pp. 151-170. David Brookshaw,“Islands Apart: Tradition and Transition”, Index on Censorship, Vol. 6, 1992, pp. 13-14, Michel Cahen, “Îles du Cap Vert: d’un Micro-Monde au Système-Monde?”, Lusotopie, 1999, pp.525-530. David Corkill and Martin Eaton,“Multicultural Insertions in a Small Economy: Portugal’s Immigrant Communities”, South European Society and Politics, Vol. 3, No. 3, 1998, p. 149–168. Ella Rule,“Portuguese Nationality Law in Outline”, Immigration Nationality Law and Practice, Vol. 10, No.1, 1996, pp. 12-15. David Corkill, The Development of the Portuguese Economy: A Case of Europeanisation, London: Routledge 1999, p. 172. Jim Lewis and Allan Williams, “Portugal’s Retornados: Reintegration or Rejection?”, Iberian Studies, Vol. XIV, Nos.1-2, 1985, pp. 11-23. Martin Eaton,“Immigration in the 1990s: A Study of the Portuguese Labour Market”, European Urban and Regional Studies, Vol. 6, No. 4,1999, pp. 364-370. Jorge Malheiros, “Immigration, Clandestine Work and Labour Market Strategies: the Construction Sector in the Metropolitan Region of Lisbon”, Southern European Society and Politics, Vol. 3, No. 3, 1998,pp. 169-185. Maria Fonseca, “The Geography of Recent Immigration to Portugal”unpublished paper at Conference on Non-Military Aspects of Security in Southern Europe: Migration, Employment and the Labour Market, Santorini, Greece,1997. Virginia Branco,“L’Immigration au Portugal: Une Nouvelle Immigration dans un Ancien Pays d’Émigration”,unpublished MA thesis, Paris: IEPPCSS, 1999. Fernando Machado, op. cit., 1997, pp. 24-25. Fernando Machado, ibid. 21 INE, op. cit., p. 158. David Corkill, “Multiple Identities, Immigration and Racism in Spain and Portugal”, in Brian Jenkins and Spyros Sofos, eds., Nation and Identity in Contemporary Europe, London: Routledge,1996, pp. 155-171. Martin Eaton, “Foreign Residents and Illegal Immigrants in Portugal”, International Journal of Intercultural Relations, Vol. 22, No. 1, 1998, pp. 49-66. Ubaldo Veiga, “Immigrants in the Spanish Labour Market”, p. 127 in Martin Baldwin-Edwards and Joaquin Arango, eds., Immigrants and the Informal Economy in Southern Europe London: Cass, 1999, pp. 105-128. Maria Baganha,“Immigrant Involvement in the Informal Economy: The Portuguese Case”, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, Vol. 24, No. 2, 1998, pp. 367-385. Eurostat, Eurostat Yearbook 1997: A Statistical Eye on Europe, 1986-1996, Luxembourg: Eurostat, 1997. Maria Fonseca, op.cit., p. 7., Allan Williams and Guy Patterson, “An Empire Lost but a Province Gained: A Cohort Analysis of British International Retirement in the Algarve”, International Journal of Population Geography, Vol. 4, No. 2, 1998, pp. 135-155. Rosana Nunes, “Portuguese Immigrants in Brazil: An Overview”, Portuguese Studies Review, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2000, pp. 27-44.

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    N2 - The phenomenon of immigration into Portugal, particularly from ex-colonial possessions in Africa, is examined in relation to the migrant’s differential insertions in both the formal and informal labour markets. The article focuses upon the differences within, and between, the Cape Verdean, Guinea-Bissauan, and Mozambican communities. Investigation shows that, in general, Lusophone-African immigrants occupy the lower echelons of the occupational pyramid working mainly in the manual labouring sectors of the host economy. However, growing numbers have now established niche roles in more skilled and professional arenas, and this has allowed some members of particular national groupings to become more upwardly mobile. As a result, the formal/informal (or dual) nature of the Portuguese immigrant labour market is shown to be an important feature of the national economy, and one that is unlikely to change given the escalation of legal foreign residence and the inherent difficulties of accessing reliable data on illegal immigration.

    AB - The phenomenon of immigration into Portugal, particularly from ex-colonial possessions in Africa, is examined in relation to the migrant’s differential insertions in both the formal and informal labour markets. The article focuses upon the differences within, and between, the Cape Verdean, Guinea-Bissauan, and Mozambican communities. Investigation shows that, in general, Lusophone-African immigrants occupy the lower echelons of the occupational pyramid working mainly in the manual labouring sectors of the host economy. However, growing numbers have now established niche roles in more skilled and professional arenas, and this has allowed some members of particular national groupings to become more upwardly mobile. As a result, the formal/informal (or dual) nature of the Portuguese immigrant labour market is shown to be an important feature of the national economy, and one that is unlikely to change given the escalation of legal foreign residence and the inherent difficulties of accessing reliable data on illegal immigration.

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