Low cost interventions for disinfection of potable water in developing communities

Pilar Fernandez-Ibanez, Maria Inmaculada Polo López, A Martinez-García, B Reyneke, Wesaal Khan, C Mujanya, J Asiimwe, John Byrne, Helen Lubarsky, PSM Dunlop, Nigel G Ternan, J Dooley, WilliamJ Snelling

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

Abstract

Two billion people rely on freshwater sources that are faecally contaminated and half a million people die every year due to water and sanitation-related diseases, where they lack access to safe water. Therefore, the development of household water treatment and safe storage technologies (HWTS) to deliver safe potable water at household level is important. These technologies should be effective, available, affordable, and acceptable to the communities. This paper will discuss various HWTS that can effectively provide safe drinking water as determined by the WHO harmonized testing protocol for HWTS. According to this protocol, the technology shall be evaluated for microbiological performance against four specific reference pathogens,E.coli, two surrogate bacteriophages (MS2, phiX-174) and Cryptosporidiumparvuminfectiousoocysts. The technologies will be proven as highly protective if they can reduce 4-log the bacterial concentration, 5-log bacteriopaghes, and 4-log protozoa. The first field results will be presented concerning large-scale solar reactors for the disinfection of harvested rainwater based in South Africa and Uganda. These reactors provide treated water to over 500 pupils in two primary schools in Uganda, and to 54 people in two South African communities. The paper will also introduce the SAFEWATER project, which aims to develop low-cost systems for drinking water treatment at household level for rural communities in Colombia and Mexico.

Acknowledgements:
The authors wish to acknowledge funding from the EU-H2020 Research and Impact (WATERSPOUTTGA:688928-2)
and the Global Challenges Research Fund UK Research and Innovation (SAFEWATER; EPSRC Grant Reference
EP/P032427/1).
LanguageEnglish
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2019

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disinfection
drinking water
cost
water treatment
bacteriophage
sanitation
rainwater
water
innovation
pathogen
household
reactor
protocol

Cite this

Fernandez-Ibanez, P., López, M. I. P., Martinez-García, A., Reyneke, B., Khan, W., Mujanya, C., ... Snelling, W. (Accepted/In press). Low cost interventions for disinfection of potable water in developing communities.
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title = "Low cost interventions for disinfection of potable water in developing communities",
abstract = "Two billion people rely on freshwater sources that are faecally contaminated and half a million people die every year due to water and sanitation-related diseases, where they lack access to safe water. Therefore, the development of household water treatment and safe storage technologies (HWTS) to deliver safe potable water at household level is important. These technologies should be effective, available, affordable, and acceptable to the communities. This paper will discuss various HWTS that can effectively provide safe drinking water as determined by the WHO harmonized testing protocol for HWTS. According to this protocol, the technology shall be evaluated for microbiological performance against four specific reference pathogens,E.coli, two surrogate bacteriophages (MS2, phiX-174) and Cryptosporidiumparvuminfectiousoocysts. The technologies will be proven as highly protective if they can reduce 4-log the bacterial concentration, 5-log bacteriopaghes, and 4-log protozoa. The first field results will be presented concerning large-scale solar reactors for the disinfection of harvested rainwater based in South Africa and Uganda. These reactors provide treated water to over 500 pupils in two primary schools in Uganda, and to 54 people in two South African communities. The paper will also introduce the SAFEWATER project, which aims to develop low-cost systems for drinking water treatment at household level for rural communities in Colombia and Mexico.Acknowledgements:The authors wish to acknowledge funding from the EU-H2020 Research and Impact (WATERSPOUTTGA:688928-2)and the Global Challenges Research Fund UK Research and Innovation (SAFEWATER; EPSRC Grant ReferenceEP/P032427/1).",
author = "Pilar Fernandez-Ibanez and L{\'o}pez, {Maria Inmaculada Polo} and A Martinez-Garc{\'i}a and B Reyneke and Wesaal Khan and C Mujanya and J Asiimwe and John Byrne and Helen Lubarsky and PSM Dunlop and Ternan, {Nigel G} and J Dooley and WilliamJ Snelling",
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Low cost interventions for disinfection of potable water in developing communities. / Fernandez-Ibanez, Pilar; López, Maria Inmaculada Polo ; Martinez-García, A; Reyneke, B ; Khan, Wesaal ; Mujanya, C; Asiimwe, J; Byrne, John; Lubarsky, Helen; Dunlop, PSM; Ternan, Nigel G; Dooley, J; Snelling, WilliamJ .

2019.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

TY - CONF

T1 - Low cost interventions for disinfection of potable water in developing communities

AU - Fernandez-Ibanez, Pilar

AU - López, Maria Inmaculada Polo

AU - Martinez-García, A

AU - Reyneke, B

AU - Khan, Wesaal

AU - Mujanya, C

AU - Asiimwe, J

AU - Byrne, John

AU - Lubarsky, Helen

AU - Dunlop, PSM

AU - Ternan, Nigel G

AU - Dooley, J

AU - Snelling, WilliamJ

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Two billion people rely on freshwater sources that are faecally contaminated and half a million people die every year due to water and sanitation-related diseases, where they lack access to safe water. Therefore, the development of household water treatment and safe storage technologies (HWTS) to deliver safe potable water at household level is important. These technologies should be effective, available, affordable, and acceptable to the communities. This paper will discuss various HWTS that can effectively provide safe drinking water as determined by the WHO harmonized testing protocol for HWTS. According to this protocol, the technology shall be evaluated for microbiological performance against four specific reference pathogens,E.coli, two surrogate bacteriophages (MS2, phiX-174) and Cryptosporidiumparvuminfectiousoocysts. The technologies will be proven as highly protective if they can reduce 4-log the bacterial concentration, 5-log bacteriopaghes, and 4-log protozoa. The first field results will be presented concerning large-scale solar reactors for the disinfection of harvested rainwater based in South Africa and Uganda. These reactors provide treated water to over 500 pupils in two primary schools in Uganda, and to 54 people in two South African communities. The paper will also introduce the SAFEWATER project, which aims to develop low-cost systems for drinking water treatment at household level for rural communities in Colombia and Mexico.Acknowledgements:The authors wish to acknowledge funding from the EU-H2020 Research and Impact (WATERSPOUTTGA:688928-2)and the Global Challenges Research Fund UK Research and Innovation (SAFEWATER; EPSRC Grant ReferenceEP/P032427/1).

AB - Two billion people rely on freshwater sources that are faecally contaminated and half a million people die every year due to water and sanitation-related diseases, where they lack access to safe water. Therefore, the development of household water treatment and safe storage technologies (HWTS) to deliver safe potable water at household level is important. These technologies should be effective, available, affordable, and acceptable to the communities. This paper will discuss various HWTS that can effectively provide safe drinking water as determined by the WHO harmonized testing protocol for HWTS. According to this protocol, the technology shall be evaluated for microbiological performance against four specific reference pathogens,E.coli, two surrogate bacteriophages (MS2, phiX-174) and Cryptosporidiumparvuminfectiousoocysts. The technologies will be proven as highly protective if they can reduce 4-log the bacterial concentration, 5-log bacteriopaghes, and 4-log protozoa. The first field results will be presented concerning large-scale solar reactors for the disinfection of harvested rainwater based in South Africa and Uganda. These reactors provide treated water to over 500 pupils in two primary schools in Uganda, and to 54 people in two South African communities. The paper will also introduce the SAFEWATER project, which aims to develop low-cost systems for drinking water treatment at household level for rural communities in Colombia and Mexico.Acknowledgements:The authors wish to acknowledge funding from the EU-H2020 Research and Impact (WATERSPOUTTGA:688928-2)and the Global Challenges Research Fund UK Research and Innovation (SAFEWATER; EPSRC Grant ReferenceEP/P032427/1).

M3 - Poster

ER -

Fernandez-Ibanez P, López MIP, Martinez-García A, Reyneke B, Khan W, Mujanya C et al. Low cost interventions for disinfection of potable water in developing communities. 2019.