Looking at the same interaction and seeing something different: The role of informational contexts, judgement perspective and behavioural coding on judgement accuracy

Helen Wall, Paul, J Taylor, Claire Campbell, Derek Heim, Beth Richardson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The role of information context, judgment perspective and cue type on the 'accuracy' of first impressions of another's Big5 personality was studied in three phases of data collection (n = 173). Accurate judgments were defined as the level of agreement between a target person's aggregated personality score (i.e., average of self and informant ratings of personality) and a personality judgement about the target, indexed using item correlations. Results for phase 1 found that completing a different task with the same partner improved accuracy for conscientiousness. Phase 2 investigated the relationship between a person's role (judgment perspective) within an interaction (interactants, observers) and showed that Observers were better at judging the less interpersonal traits of conscientiousness and openness relative to Interactants. Finally, phase 3 examined the types of cues that people used when rating another's personality. Although Observers and Interactants had access to the same interaction, analyses revealed that they employed different types of cues when judging others. Findings are discussed in terms of Funder's Realistic Accuracy Model (1995, 1999) along with practical implications, limitations and suggestions for future research.
LanguageEnglish
Pages 123-141
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Individual Differences
Volume39
Issue number3
Early online date11 May 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jul 2018

Fingerprint

Personality
Cues

Keywords

  • Personality judgement
  • accuracy
  • Big5
  • context
  • judgement perspective
  • cues

Cite this

@article{317e3e858aba435293e7aa188f35e4ea,
title = "Looking at the same interaction and seeing something different: The role of informational contexts, judgement perspective and behavioural coding on judgement accuracy",
abstract = "The role of information context, judgment perspective and cue type on the 'accuracy' of first impressions of another's Big5 personality was studied in three phases of data collection (n = 173). Accurate judgments were defined as the level of agreement between a target person's aggregated personality score (i.e., average of self and informant ratings of personality) and a personality judgement about the target, indexed using item correlations. Results for phase 1 found that completing a different task with the same partner improved accuracy for conscientiousness. Phase 2 investigated the relationship between a person's role (judgment perspective) within an interaction (interactants, observers) and showed that Observers were better at judging the less interpersonal traits of conscientiousness and openness relative to Interactants. Finally, phase 3 examined the types of cues that people used when rating another's personality. Although Observers and Interactants had access to the same interaction, analyses revealed that they employed different types of cues when judging others. Findings are discussed in terms of Funder's Realistic Accuracy Model (1995, 1999) along with practical implications, limitations and suggestions for future research.",
keywords = "Personality judgement, accuracy, Big5, context, judgement perspective, cues",
author = "Helen Wall and Taylor, {Paul, J} and Claire Campbell and Derek Heim and Beth Richardson",
note = "UIR Compliant - evidence uploaded to other files",
year = "2018",
month = "7",
day = "31",
doi = "10.1027/1614-0001/a000257",
language = "English",
volume = "39",
pages = "123--141",
journal = "Journal of Individual Differences",
issn = "1614-0001",
publisher = "Hogrefe Publishing",
number = "3",

}

Looking at the same interaction and seeing something different: The role of informational contexts, judgement perspective and behavioural coding on judgement accuracy. / Wall, Helen; Taylor, Paul, J; Campbell, Claire; Heim, Derek; Richardson, Beth.

In: Journal of Individual Differences, Vol. 39, No. 3, 31.07.2018, p. 123-141.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Looking at the same interaction and seeing something different: The role of informational contexts, judgement perspective and behavioural coding on judgement accuracy

AU - Wall, Helen

AU - Taylor, Paul, J

AU - Campbell, Claire

AU - Heim, Derek

AU - Richardson, Beth

N1 - UIR Compliant - evidence uploaded to other files

PY - 2018/7/31

Y1 - 2018/7/31

N2 - The role of information context, judgment perspective and cue type on the 'accuracy' of first impressions of another's Big5 personality was studied in three phases of data collection (n = 173). Accurate judgments were defined as the level of agreement between a target person's aggregated personality score (i.e., average of self and informant ratings of personality) and a personality judgement about the target, indexed using item correlations. Results for phase 1 found that completing a different task with the same partner improved accuracy for conscientiousness. Phase 2 investigated the relationship between a person's role (judgment perspective) within an interaction (interactants, observers) and showed that Observers were better at judging the less interpersonal traits of conscientiousness and openness relative to Interactants. Finally, phase 3 examined the types of cues that people used when rating another's personality. Although Observers and Interactants had access to the same interaction, analyses revealed that they employed different types of cues when judging others. Findings are discussed in terms of Funder's Realistic Accuracy Model (1995, 1999) along with practical implications, limitations and suggestions for future research.

AB - The role of information context, judgment perspective and cue type on the 'accuracy' of first impressions of another's Big5 personality was studied in three phases of data collection (n = 173). Accurate judgments were defined as the level of agreement between a target person's aggregated personality score (i.e., average of self and informant ratings of personality) and a personality judgement about the target, indexed using item correlations. Results for phase 1 found that completing a different task with the same partner improved accuracy for conscientiousness. Phase 2 investigated the relationship between a person's role (judgment perspective) within an interaction (interactants, observers) and showed that Observers were better at judging the less interpersonal traits of conscientiousness and openness relative to Interactants. Finally, phase 3 examined the types of cues that people used when rating another's personality. Although Observers and Interactants had access to the same interaction, analyses revealed that they employed different types of cues when judging others. Findings are discussed in terms of Funder's Realistic Accuracy Model (1995, 1999) along with practical implications, limitations and suggestions for future research.

KW - Personality judgement

KW - accuracy

KW - Big5

KW - context

KW - judgement perspective

KW - cues

U2 - 10.1027/1614-0001/a000257

DO - 10.1027/1614-0001/a000257

M3 - Article

VL - 39

SP - 123

EP - 141

JO - Journal of Individual Differences

T2 - Journal of Individual Differences

JF - Journal of Individual Differences

SN - 1614-0001

IS - 3

ER -