Lithological control on the deformation mechanism and the mode of fault slip on the Longitudinal Valley Fault, Taiwan

Marion Y. Thomas, Jean Philippe Avouac, Jean Pierre Gratier, Jian Cheng Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Longitudinal Valley Fault (LVF) in Taiwan is creeping at shallow depth along its southern half, where it is bounded by the Lichi Mélange. By contrast, the northern segment of the LVF is locked where it is bounded by forearc sedimentary and volcanoclastic formations. Structural and petrographic investigations show that the Lichi Mélange most probably formed as a result of internal deformation of the forearc when the continental shelf of South China collided with the Luzon arc as a result of the subduction of the South China Sea beneath the Philippine Sea Plate. The forearc formations constitute the protolith of the Lichi Mélange. It seems improbable that the mechanical properties of the minerals of the matrix (illite, chorite, kaolinite) in themselves explain the aseismic behavior of the LVF. Microstructural investigations show that deformation within the fault zone must have resulted from a combination of frictional sliding at grain boundaries, cataclasis (responsible for grain size comminution) and pressure solution creep (responsible for the development of the scaly foliation and favored by the mixing of soluble and insoluble minerals). The microstructure of the gouge formed in the Lichi Mélange favors effective pressure solution creep, which inhibits strain-weakening brittle mechanisms and is probably responsible for the dominantly aseismic mode of fault slip. Since the Lichi Mélange is analogous to any unlithified subduction mélanges, this study sheds light on the mechanisms which favor aseismic creep on subduction megathrust.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-63
Number of pages16
JournalTectonophysics
Volume632
Issue numberC
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Aseismic slip
  • Deformation mechanism
  • Frictional sliding
  • Lichi Mélange
  • Longitudinal valley fault
  • Pressure solution creep

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