Leadership Power in Football

Erkut Konter, Todd M. Loughead, Kyle Paradis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The chapter addresses a number of issues related to leadership power in football including conceptual definitions, theoretical approaches, measurement, perceptions, and studies examining leadership power in sport with an emphasis on football. Despite the plethora of research on leadership in sport, an overlooked aspect that forms the nature of leadership is power. There are different forms of power that influence others (e.g. footballers, coaches): expert power, legitimate power, reward power, coercive power, and referent power. Perceptions of power seem to have interactional and dyadic influences that are important in sport (football). In addition, power regulates the nature of the relationship between individuals which has implications for health, fun, development, success, and performance in football. The research would suggest that: a) football coaches should use the indicated leadership powers for the psychological development of their athletes (e.g. commitment, imagery, peaking under pressure, coping with stress); b) coaches' leadership powers have potential to positively influence the team's dynamics (e.g., cohesion) and performance; c) expert and referent power yield the most positive and associations with psychological skills, and individual and team outcomes; and d) in relation to personality types (e.g., self regulation, self-confidence, motivation, mental toughness, courage) in relation to various environmental factors, cultures, and economic conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFootball Psychology: From Theory to Practice
EditorsErkut Konter, Jurgen Beckmann, Todd Loughead
Place of PublicationLondon
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-315-26824-8
ISBN (Print)978-1-138-28749-5, 978-1-138-28751-8
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 1 May 2019


  • leadership
  • coaching
  • football
  • group dynamics
  • power dynamics


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