'La Comunità ebraica di Shanghai' (The Jewish Comunity in Shanghai.

Aglaia De Angeli

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    The Jewish community in Shanghai was among the first to settle in the Treaty Ports which were opened after the Opium war. Jewish population grew until the rendition of the foreign settlements to the Chinese authorities, and its history broadly consists of three periods.The first Jews came to Shanghai in the XIX century were sephardits from Iraq and India. Among those emigrated to Shanghai following the expansion of the British commerce in China were such famous families as Sassoons, Hardoons and Kadoories.The second wave arrived with the White Russians exodus after the October Revolution; they were askanzits Jews who fled from pogroms and the Russian civil war. The third wave were Jews fleeing from central Europe in the 1930s. This group was the largest of the three.The first settlers saw Shanghai as a port of opportunities, while the others came there seeking refuge.The interwar Shanghai could offer protection and a temporary place of residence for Jewish people. In the 1920s and 1930s Jews coming to Shanghai were helped by local Jewish associations, which supported them in the search for accommodations and jobs. This net of associations was effective until WWII. The war, however, made them face increasing number of contraints. In this constrained situation we should remember that the Japanese authorities, occupying the International Settlement, imposed a ban for new Jewish arrivals to settle in the Hongkou district; while the French authorities under the Vichy government imposed a complete ban on Jewish residents in their concession. Finally, the Jewish immigration to Shanghai had stopped completely in 1942, because there were no more ways to get there.Japanese authorities, however, were not interested in applying the racial laws as their priority lay in the conquest of China. And although the Jews were in an enemy's territory, they were not persecuted. In fact, when the war was over they left Shanghai directly to the United States and Israel.
    LanguageEnglish
    Title of host publication), Ebrei, Ebraismo, Cina e il Caso di “Tien Tsin”. Esempi di Convivenza e Ebrei nella Cina moderna. 1900-1945. (Life, Toleration, and Jews in Modern China.1900-1945.)
    Place of PublicationLivorno
    Pages55-62
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

    Fingerprint

    Shanghai
    Jews
    Authority
    1930s
    China
    Waves
    Commerce
    Central Europe
    Iraq
    Exodus
    Vichy Government
    History
    Concession
    Residence
    October Revolution
    Refuge
    Treaties
    Jewish People
    Settler
    Rendition

    Keywords

    • Jews
    • community
    • Shanghai
    • Republican times

    Cite this

    De Angeli, A. (2012). 'La Comunità ebraica di Shanghai' (The Jewish Comunity in Shanghai. In ), Ebrei, Ebraismo, Cina e il Caso di “Tien Tsin”. Esempi di Convivenza e Ebrei nella Cina moderna. 1900-1945. (Life, Toleration, and Jews in Modern China.1900-1945.) (pp. 55-62). Livorno.
    De Angeli, Aglaia. / 'La Comunità ebraica di Shanghai' (The Jewish Comunity in Shanghai. ), Ebrei, Ebraismo, Cina e il Caso di “Tien Tsin”. Esempi di Convivenza e Ebrei nella Cina moderna. 1900-1945. (Life, Toleration, and Jews in Modern China.1900-1945.). Livorno, 2012. pp. 55-62
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    title = "'La Comunit{\`a} ebraica di Shanghai' (The Jewish Comunity in Shanghai.",
    abstract = "The Jewish community in Shanghai was among the first to settle in the Treaty Ports which were opened after the Opium war. Jewish population grew until the rendition of the foreign settlements to the Chinese authorities, and its history broadly consists of three periods.The first Jews came to Shanghai in the XIX century were sephardits from Iraq and India. Among those emigrated to Shanghai following the expansion of the British commerce in China were such famous families as Sassoons, Hardoons and Kadoories.The second wave arrived with the White Russians exodus after the October Revolution; they were askanzits Jews who fled from pogroms and the Russian civil war. The third wave were Jews fleeing from central Europe in the 1930s. This group was the largest of the three.The first settlers saw Shanghai as a port of opportunities, while the others came there seeking refuge.The interwar Shanghai could offer protection and a temporary place of residence for Jewish people. In the 1920s and 1930s Jews coming to Shanghai were helped by local Jewish associations, which supported them in the search for accommodations and jobs. This net of associations was effective until WWII. The war, however, made them face increasing number of contraints. In this constrained situation we should remember that the Japanese authorities, occupying the International Settlement, imposed a ban for new Jewish arrivals to settle in the Hongkou district; while the French authorities under the Vichy government imposed a complete ban on Jewish residents in their concession. Finally, the Jewish immigration to Shanghai had stopped completely in 1942, because there were no more ways to get there.Japanese authorities, however, were not interested in applying the racial laws as their priority lay in the conquest of China. And although the Jews were in an enemy's territory, they were not persecuted. In fact, when the war was over they left Shanghai directly to the United States and Israel.",
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    note = "written in Italian with Chinese and English abstract",
    year = "2012",
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    isbn = "978-88-7467-054-3",
    pages = "55--62",
    booktitle = "), Ebrei, Ebraismo, Cina e il Caso di “Tien Tsin”. Esempi di Convivenza e Ebrei nella Cina moderna. 1900-1945. (Life, Toleration, and Jews in Modern China.1900-1945.)",

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    De Angeli, A 2012, 'La Comunità ebraica di Shanghai' (The Jewish Comunity in Shanghai. in ), Ebrei, Ebraismo, Cina e il Caso di “Tien Tsin”. Esempi di Convivenza e Ebrei nella Cina moderna. 1900-1945. (Life, Toleration, and Jews in Modern China.1900-1945.). Livorno, pp. 55-62.

    'La Comunità ebraica di Shanghai' (The Jewish Comunity in Shanghai. / De Angeli, Aglaia.

    ), Ebrei, Ebraismo, Cina e il Caso di “Tien Tsin”. Esempi di Convivenza e Ebrei nella Cina moderna. 1900-1945. (Life, Toleration, and Jews in Modern China.1900-1945.). Livorno, 2012. p. 55-62.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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    T1 - 'La Comunità ebraica di Shanghai' (The Jewish Comunity in Shanghai.

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    N2 - The Jewish community in Shanghai was among the first to settle in the Treaty Ports which were opened after the Opium war. Jewish population grew until the rendition of the foreign settlements to the Chinese authorities, and its history broadly consists of three periods.The first Jews came to Shanghai in the XIX century were sephardits from Iraq and India. Among those emigrated to Shanghai following the expansion of the British commerce in China were such famous families as Sassoons, Hardoons and Kadoories.The second wave arrived with the White Russians exodus after the October Revolution; they were askanzits Jews who fled from pogroms and the Russian civil war. The third wave were Jews fleeing from central Europe in the 1930s. This group was the largest of the three.The first settlers saw Shanghai as a port of opportunities, while the others came there seeking refuge.The interwar Shanghai could offer protection and a temporary place of residence for Jewish people. In the 1920s and 1930s Jews coming to Shanghai were helped by local Jewish associations, which supported them in the search for accommodations and jobs. This net of associations was effective until WWII. The war, however, made them face increasing number of contraints. In this constrained situation we should remember that the Japanese authorities, occupying the International Settlement, imposed a ban for new Jewish arrivals to settle in the Hongkou district; while the French authorities under the Vichy government imposed a complete ban on Jewish residents in their concession. Finally, the Jewish immigration to Shanghai had stopped completely in 1942, because there were no more ways to get there.Japanese authorities, however, were not interested in applying the racial laws as their priority lay in the conquest of China. And although the Jews were in an enemy's territory, they were not persecuted. In fact, when the war was over they left Shanghai directly to the United States and Israel.

    AB - The Jewish community in Shanghai was among the first to settle in the Treaty Ports which were opened after the Opium war. Jewish population grew until the rendition of the foreign settlements to the Chinese authorities, and its history broadly consists of three periods.The first Jews came to Shanghai in the XIX century were sephardits from Iraq and India. Among those emigrated to Shanghai following the expansion of the British commerce in China were such famous families as Sassoons, Hardoons and Kadoories.The second wave arrived with the White Russians exodus after the October Revolution; they were askanzits Jews who fled from pogroms and the Russian civil war. The third wave were Jews fleeing from central Europe in the 1930s. This group was the largest of the three.The first settlers saw Shanghai as a port of opportunities, while the others came there seeking refuge.The interwar Shanghai could offer protection and a temporary place of residence for Jewish people. In the 1920s and 1930s Jews coming to Shanghai were helped by local Jewish associations, which supported them in the search for accommodations and jobs. This net of associations was effective until WWII. The war, however, made them face increasing number of contraints. In this constrained situation we should remember that the Japanese authorities, occupying the International Settlement, imposed a ban for new Jewish arrivals to settle in the Hongkou district; while the French authorities under the Vichy government imposed a complete ban on Jewish residents in their concession. Finally, the Jewish immigration to Shanghai had stopped completely in 1942, because there were no more ways to get there.Japanese authorities, however, were not interested in applying the racial laws as their priority lay in the conquest of China. And although the Jews were in an enemy's territory, they were not persecuted. In fact, when the war was over they left Shanghai directly to the United States and Israel.

    KW - Jews

    KW - community

    KW - Shanghai

    KW - Republican times

    M3 - Chapter

    SN - 978-88-7467-054-3

    SP - 55

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    BT - ), Ebrei, Ebraismo, Cina e il Caso di “Tien Tsin”. Esempi di Convivenza e Ebrei nella Cina moderna. 1900-1945. (Life, Toleration, and Jews in Modern China.1900-1945.)

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    ER -

    De Angeli A. 'La Comunità ebraica di Shanghai' (The Jewish Comunity in Shanghai. In ), Ebrei, Ebraismo, Cina e il Caso di “Tien Tsin”. Esempi di Convivenza e Ebrei nella Cina moderna. 1900-1945. (Life, Toleration, and Jews in Modern China.1900-1945.). Livorno. 2012. p. 55-62