Journeys of Portugese athletes to sporting success: the peaks and troughs

A Pereira, MC Pinheiro, L Carvalhino, P Sequeira, R Resende, Katie/K Liston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This research examined the experiences of eight Portuguese (former) elite athletes from a social scientificperspective. In so doing it attempted to move away from the tentacles of achievement sport and, in particular, theperformance efficiency model that dominates elite sport. Rather, it focused on the subjective and qualitativeexperiences of sportspeople themselves and gave them a forum to reflect upon the primary socializing agentsthat played a key role in their sporting success, and on the peaks and troughs on their journeys to sportingsuccess, nationally and internationally. The research design included semi-structured interviews with athletesthat excelled in athletics, handball, gymnastics, korfball and swimming. All eight had achieved outstandingresults nationally and internationally. A qualitative approach was adopted for data collection and analysis.Giving voice to the former athletes themselves revealed much about: the primary socializing agents for sport intheir lives, as young, teenage and adult athletes; those role models and mentors that influenced their initial andongoing involvement and specialization in sport, these being the family (usually parents), physical educationteachers and peers; and, finally, the peaks and troughs in their careers which usually hinged around sportingsuccess or defeat, failure to achieve expected results, and the onset and impact of injury. Taken together, thesefindings reverberate with those of other researchers beyond the Lusophone world. They also indicate theemergence and development of a sports ethic in Portugal despite the comparatively late entry of that country into the global sporting arms race.
LanguageEnglish
Pages397-406
JournalJournal of Physical Education and Sport
Volume62
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 25 Jun 2016

Fingerprint

Athletes
Sports
Gymnastics
Mentors
Portugal
Ethics
Young Adult
Research Design
Parents
Research Personnel
Interviews
Efficiency
Wounds and Injuries
Research

Keywords

  • sports ethic
  • elite sport
  • critical moments
  • Portugal
  • qualitative research

Cite this

Pereira, A ; Pinheiro, MC ; Carvalhino, L ; Sequeira, P ; Resende, R ; Liston, Katie/K. / Journeys of Portugese athletes to sporting success: the peaks and troughs. In: Journal of Physical Education and Sport. 2016 ; Vol. 62. pp. 397-406.
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title = "Journeys of Portugese athletes to sporting success: the peaks and troughs",
abstract = "This research examined the experiences of eight Portuguese (former) elite athletes from a social scientificperspective. In so doing it attempted to move away from the tentacles of achievement sport and, in particular, theperformance efficiency model that dominates elite sport. Rather, it focused on the subjective and qualitativeexperiences of sportspeople themselves and gave them a forum to reflect upon the primary socializing agentsthat played a key role in their sporting success, and on the peaks and troughs on their journeys to sportingsuccess, nationally and internationally. The research design included semi-structured interviews with athletesthat excelled in athletics, handball, gymnastics, korfball and swimming. All eight had achieved outstandingresults nationally and internationally. A qualitative approach was adopted for data collection and analysis.Giving voice to the former athletes themselves revealed much about: the primary socializing agents for sport intheir lives, as young, teenage and adult athletes; those role models and mentors that influenced their initial andongoing involvement and specialization in sport, these being the family (usually parents), physical educationteachers and peers; and, finally, the peaks and troughs in their careers which usually hinged around sportingsuccess or defeat, failure to achieve expected results, and the onset and impact of injury. Taken together, thesefindings reverberate with those of other researchers beyond the Lusophone world. They also indicate theemergence and development of a sports ethic in Portugal despite the comparatively late entry of that country into the global sporting arms race.",
keywords = "sports ethic, elite sport, critical moments, Portugal, qualitative research",
author = "A Pereira and MC Pinheiro and L Carvalhino and P Sequeira and R Resende and Katie/K Liston",
note = "Reference text: Amorim, J. (2013). Manchester giants fighting over Sporting CP's Bruma, http://www.ftbpro.com/posts/joel.amorim/167128/manchester-giants-fighting-over-sporting-cp-sbruma. [Accessed 12 Jan 2014]. Atkins, C. (2013). U-20 World Cup: The {"}new Ronaldo{"} making his own name for Portugal. http://espnfc.com/blog/_/name/thescoutsnotebook/id/491?cc=573. [Accessed 14 Jan 2014]. Baker, J., C{\^o}t{\'e}, J. & Abernethy, B., (2003). Learning from the experts: Practice activities of expertdecisionmakers in sport. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 74(3), 342-347. Baker, J. & Horton, S., (2004). A review of primary and secondary influences on sport expertise. High Ability Studies, 15(2), 211-228. Baker, J., Horton, S., Robertson-Wilson, J., & Wall, M. (2003). Nurturing sport expertise: Factors influencing the development of elite athlete. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 2(1), 1-9. Bouchard, C., & Rankinen, T. (2001). Individual differences in response to regular physical activity [online]. http://www.setantacollege.com/wp-content/uploads/Journal_db/Individual differences in response to regular.pdf. [Accessed 14 May 2014]. Brackenridge, C., & Kirby, S. (1997). Playing safe: Assessing the risk of sexual abuse to elite child athletes. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 32(4), 407-418. Brustad, R. J., Babkes, M. L., & Smith, A.L. (2001). Youth in sport: Psychological considerations. In R.N. Singer, H.A. Hausenblas and C.M. Janelle (Eds.), Handbook of Sport Psychology (2 ed., pp. 604-635). New York: Wiley. Coakley, J. (2003). Sports in society: issues and controversies (8th ed.). Boston: McGraw-Hill. Coakley, J. (1983). Leaving competitive sport: Retirement or rebirth? Quest, 35(1), 1-11. Coakley, J., & Pike, E. (2014). Sports in society: Issues and controversies (2 ed.) London: McGraw-Hill. C{\^o}t{\'e}, J. (1999). The influence of the family in the development of talent in sport. Sport Psychologist, 13(4), 395- 417. C{\^o}t{\'e}, J., Baker, J., & Abernethy, B. (2003). From play to practice: A developmental framework for the acquisition of expertise in team sport. In J. Starkes and K. Ericsson (Eds.), Recent Advances in Research on Sport Expertise (pp.89-114).Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. C{\^o}t{\'e}, J., Salmela, J., Abderrahim, B, & Russel, S. (1993). Organising and interpreting unstructured qualitative data. The Sport Psychologist, 7(2)127-137. Cushion, C., & Kitchen, W. (2011). Pierre Bourdieu: a theory of (coaching) practice. In R. Jones et al., (Eds.), The sociology of sports coaching (pp.40-53).London and New York: Routledge. Ellis, C., & Bochner, A. (2000). Autoethnography, personal narrative, reflexivity: Researcher as subject. In N.K. Denzin and Y.S. Lincoln (Eds.), The handbook of qualitative research (pp.733-768).London: Sage. Erickson, K., Bruner, M., MacDonald, D., & C{\^o}t{\'e}, J. (2008). Gaining insight into actual and preferred sources of coaching knowledge. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 3(4), 527-538. European Commission (2010). Special Eurobarometer 334 – Sport and physical activity [online]. Belgium: European Commission. Available from: http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/ebs/ebs_334_en.pdf. [Accessed 22 April 2014]. Fairclough, S., Stratton, G., & Baldwin, G. (2002). The contribution of secondary school physical education to lifetime physical activity. European Physical Education Review, 8(1), 69-84. Fernandes, A. S., Tenreiro, F. J., Quaresma, L., & Ma{\cc}as, V. (2011). Sport policy in Portugal. International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics, 3(1), 133-141. Fleurance, P., & Cotteaux, F. (1999). Construction de L’Expertise Chez les Entra{\^i}neurs Sportifs D’Athl{\`e}tes de Haut-Niveau Fran{\cc}ais, Avante, 5(2), 54-68. Gibbons, T. (2002). The path to excellence: A comprehensive view of development of U.S. Olympians who competed from 1984-1998. http://physed.otago.ac.nz/sosol/v1i1/v1i1a8.htm. [Accessed 22 April 2014]. Golafshani, N. (2003). Understanding reliability and validity in qualitative research. The Qualitative Report, 8(4), 597-607. Guedes de Carvalho, P., & Nunes, P. (2012). Non-linear relationship between number of clubs and participants in sport. International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics, 5(1), 133-144. Hemery, D. (1986). The pursuit of sporting excellence. A study of sport´s higest achivers London: Willow Books. Hickey, C., & Kelly, P. (2008). Preparing to not be a footballer: Higher education and professional sport. Sport, Education and Society, 13(4), 477-494. Hill, M. (2007). In pursuit of excellence. A study to elite sports development London: Routledge. Holt, N., & Morley, D. (2004). Gender differences in psychosocial factors associated with athletic success during childhood. The Sport Psychologist, 18(2), 138-153. Iglesias, D., Gonz{\'a}lez, L., Calvo, T., Barco, B., & {\'A}lvarez, F. (2010). Expertise development in sport: Contributions under cognitive psychology perspective. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 5(3), 462-475. Johnson, M., Tenenbaun, G., Edmonds, W., & Castillo, Y. (2008). A comparison of the developmental experiences of elite and sub-elite swimmers: similar developmental histories can lead to differences in performance level. Sport, Education and Society, 13(4), 453-475. Kay, T. (2000). Sporting Excellence: A family affair? European Physical Education Review, 6(2), 151-169. Kerr, G., & Dacyshyn, A. (2000). The retirement experiences of elite, female gymnasts. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 12(2), 115-133. Leite, N., Baker, J., & Sampaio, J. (2009). Paths to expertise in Portugese national team athletes. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 8(4), 560-566. Leite, N., & Sampaio, J. (2012). Long-term athletic development across different age groups and gender from Portugese basketball players. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching, 7(2), 285-300. Lewontin, R. (2000). The triple helix: Gene, organism, and environment Cambridge, MA: Harvard, University Press. Lidor, R., & Lavyan, N.A. (2002). Retrospective picture of early sport experiences among elite and near-elite israeli athletes: developmental and psychological perspectives. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 33, 269-289. Liston, K., Gregg, R., & Lowther, J. (2012). Elite sports police and coaching at the coalface. International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics, 5(3), 341-362. Liston, K., & Moreland, E. (2009). Sport and National Identity in Northern Ireland. New Hibernia Review, 13(4), 127-140. Lorenzo, A., & Sampaio, J. (2005). Reflexiones sobre los factores que pueden condicionar el desarrollo de los deportistas de alto n{\'i}vel. Apunts Educaci{\'o}n F{\'i}sica y Deportes, 2º Trimestre, 63-70. Macphail, A., Gorely, T., & Kirk, D. (2003). Young people's socialisation into sport: A case study of an athletics club. Sport, Education and Society, 8(2), 251-267. Maguire, J. (2014). Introduction. In J. Maguire (Ed.), Social sciences of sport (pp.1-6). Champaign, Il: Human Kinetics. Maguire, J., Jarvie, G., Mansfield, L., & Bradley, J. (2002). Sport worlds. A sociological perspective. Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics. Makopoulou, K. & Armour, K.M., (2011). Physical education teachers' career-long professional learning: Getting personal. Sport, Education and Society, 16(5), 571-591. Malcolm, D., (2011). Sport Medicine, injured athletes and Norbert Elias's sociology of knowledge. Sociology of Sport Journal, 28(3), 282-304. Malina, R., Pe{\~n}a Reyes, M., Eisenmann, J., Horta, L. & Miller, R. (2000). Height, mass and skeletal maturity of elite Portugese soccer players aged 11-16 years. Journal of Sports Sciences, 18(9), 685-693. Massa, M., Uezu, R., & B{\"o}me, M. (2010). Judocas ol{\'i}mpicos brasileiros: Fatores de apoio psicossocial para o desenvolvimento do talento esportivo. Revista Brasileira Educa{\cc}{\~a}o F{\'i}sica e Esporte, 24(4), 471-481. Massuca, L., & Fragoso, I. (2011). Study of portugese handball players of different playing status: A morphological and biosocial perspective. Biology of Sport, 28(1), 37-44. May, T. (2001). Social research: Issues, methods and process (Tird Ed.). Maidenhead and New York: Open University Press. Mellalieu, S., Hanton, S., & Fletcher, D. (2009). A competitive anxiety review: recent directions in sport psychology research. New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc. Morton, K.L., Keith, S.E., & Beauchamp, M.R. (2010). Transformational teaching and physical activity: A new paradigm for adolescent health promotion? Journal of Health Psychology, 15(2), 248-257. Mota, J., & Sallis, J. (2002). Actividade f{\'i}sica e sa{\'u}de. Factores de influ{\^e}ncia da actividade f{\'i}sica nas crian{\cc}as e adolescentes Porto: Campos das Letras. Neuman, W. (2003). Social research methods: Qualitative and quantitative approaches Boston: Pearson Education. Penney, D., & Jess, M. (2004). Physical education and physically active lives: A lifelong approach to curriculum development. Sport, Education and Society, 9(2), 269-287. P{\'e}russe, L., Gagnon, J., Province, M., Rao, D., Wilmore, J., Leon, A., Bouchard, C., & Skinner, J. S. (2001). Family aggregation of submaximal aerobic performance: The HERITAGE family study. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 33(4), 597-604. Quivy, R., & Campenhoudt, L. (1998). Manual de Investiga{\cc}{\~a}o em Ci{\^e}ncias Sociais (2ª ed.). Lisboa: Gradiva Publica{\cc}{\~o}es Lda. Ramos, A., Vale, P., Salgado, B., Correia, P., Oliveira, E., Seabra, A., Rebelo, A., & Brito, J. (2010. Physical test performances of elite Portuguese junior soccer players according to positional roles. 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Social issues in sport. London: Human Kinetics. Young, K. (2004). Sports-Related pain and injury: Sociological notes. In K. Young (Ed.), Sporting bodies, damaged selves(pp. 1-25).Oxford: Elsevier. Zaar, A., Reis, V. and Pereira, A., 2012. Excel{\^e}ncia no atletismo: A hist{\'o}ria de vida de Fabiano Pe{\cc}anha. EFDeportes.com, Revista Digital, 17(175), 1-13.",
year = "2016",
month = "6",
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doi = "10.7752/jpes.2016.02062",
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Journeys of Portugese athletes to sporting success: the peaks and troughs. / Pereira, A; Pinheiro, MC; Carvalhino, L; Sequeira, P; Resende, R; Liston, Katie/K.

In: Journal of Physical Education and Sport, Vol. 62, 25.06.2016, p. 397-406.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Journeys of Portugese athletes to sporting success: the peaks and troughs

AU - Pereira, A

AU - Pinheiro, MC

AU - Carvalhino, L

AU - Sequeira, P

AU - Resende, R

AU - Liston, Katie/K

N1 - Reference text: Amorim, J. (2013). Manchester giants fighting over Sporting CP's Bruma, http://www.ftbpro.com/posts/joel.amorim/167128/manchester-giants-fighting-over-sporting-cp-sbruma. [Accessed 12 Jan 2014]. Atkins, C. (2013). U-20 World Cup: The "new Ronaldo" making his own name for Portugal. http://espnfc.com/blog/_/name/thescoutsnotebook/id/491?cc=573. [Accessed 14 Jan 2014]. Baker, J., Côté, J. & Abernethy, B., (2003). Learning from the experts: Practice activities of expertdecisionmakers in sport. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 74(3), 342-347. Baker, J. & Horton, S., (2004). A review of primary and secondary influences on sport expertise. High Ability Studies, 15(2), 211-228. Baker, J., Horton, S., Robertson-Wilson, J., & Wall, M. (2003). Nurturing sport expertise: Factors influencing the development of elite athlete. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 2(1), 1-9. Bouchard, C., & Rankinen, T. (2001). Individual differences in response to regular physical activity [online]. http://www.setantacollege.com/wp-content/uploads/Journal_db/Individual differences in response to regular.pdf. [Accessed 14 May 2014]. Brackenridge, C., & Kirby, S. (1997). Playing safe: Assessing the risk of sexual abuse to elite child athletes. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 32(4), 407-418. Brustad, R. J., Babkes, M. L., & Smith, A.L. (2001). Youth in sport: Psychological considerations. In R.N. Singer, H.A. Hausenblas and C.M. Janelle (Eds.), Handbook of Sport Psychology (2 ed., pp. 604-635). New York: Wiley. Coakley, J. (2003). Sports in society: issues and controversies (8th ed.). Boston: McGraw-Hill. Coakley, J. (1983). Leaving competitive sport: Retirement or rebirth? Quest, 35(1), 1-11. Coakley, J., & Pike, E. (2014). Sports in society: Issues and controversies (2 ed.) London: McGraw-Hill. Côté, J. (1999). The influence of the family in the development of talent in sport. Sport Psychologist, 13(4), 395- 417. Côté, J., Baker, J., & Abernethy, B. (2003). From play to practice: A developmental framework for the acquisition of expertise in team sport. In J. Starkes and K. Ericsson (Eds.), Recent Advances in Research on Sport Expertise (pp.89-114).Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. Côté, J., Salmela, J., Abderrahim, B, & Russel, S. (1993). Organising and interpreting unstructured qualitative data. The Sport Psychologist, 7(2)127-137. Cushion, C., & Kitchen, W. (2011). Pierre Bourdieu: a theory of (coaching) practice. In R. Jones et al., (Eds.), The sociology of sports coaching (pp.40-53).London and New York: Routledge. Ellis, C., & Bochner, A. (2000). Autoethnography, personal narrative, reflexivity: Researcher as subject. In N.K. Denzin and Y.S. Lincoln (Eds.), The handbook of qualitative research (pp.733-768).London: Sage. Erickson, K., Bruner, M., MacDonald, D., & Côté, J. (2008). Gaining insight into actual and preferred sources of coaching knowledge. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 3(4), 527-538. European Commission (2010). Special Eurobarometer 334 – Sport and physical activity [online]. Belgium: European Commission. Available from: http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/ebs/ebs_334_en.pdf. [Accessed 22 April 2014]. Fairclough, S., Stratton, G., & Baldwin, G. (2002). The contribution of secondary school physical education to lifetime physical activity. European Physical Education Review, 8(1), 69-84. Fernandes, A. S., Tenreiro, F. J., Quaresma, L., & Maças, V. (2011). Sport policy in Portugal. International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics, 3(1), 133-141. Fleurance, P., & Cotteaux, F. (1999). Construction de L’Expertise Chez les Entraîneurs Sportifs D’Athlètes de Haut-Niveau Français, Avante, 5(2), 54-68. Gibbons, T. (2002). The path to excellence: A comprehensive view of development of U.S. Olympians who competed from 1984-1998. http://physed.otago.ac.nz/sosol/v1i1/v1i1a8.htm. [Accessed 22 April 2014]. Golafshani, N. (2003). Understanding reliability and validity in qualitative research. The Qualitative Report, 8(4), 597-607. Guedes de Carvalho, P., & Nunes, P. (2012). Non-linear relationship between number of clubs and participants in sport. International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics, 5(1), 133-144. Hemery, D. (1986). The pursuit of sporting excellence. A study of sport´s higest achivers London: Willow Books. Hickey, C., & Kelly, P. (2008). Preparing to not be a footballer: Higher education and professional sport. Sport, Education and Society, 13(4), 477-494. Hill, M. (2007). In pursuit of excellence. A study to elite sports development London: Routledge. Holt, N., & Morley, D. (2004). Gender differences in psychosocial factors associated with athletic success during childhood. The Sport Psychologist, 18(2), 138-153. Iglesias, D., González, L., Calvo, T., Barco, B., & Álvarez, F. (2010). Expertise development in sport: Contributions under cognitive psychology perspective. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 5(3), 462-475. Johnson, M., Tenenbaun, G., Edmonds, W., & Castillo, Y. (2008). A comparison of the developmental experiences of elite and sub-elite swimmers: similar developmental histories can lead to differences in performance level. Sport, Education and Society, 13(4), 453-475. Kay, T. (2000). Sporting Excellence: A family affair? European Physical Education Review, 6(2), 151-169. Kerr, G., & Dacyshyn, A. (2000). The retirement experiences of elite, female gymnasts. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 12(2), 115-133. Leite, N., Baker, J., & Sampaio, J. (2009). Paths to expertise in Portugese national team athletes. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 8(4), 560-566. Leite, N., & Sampaio, J. (2012). Long-term athletic development across different age groups and gender from Portugese basketball players. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching, 7(2), 285-300. Lewontin, R. (2000). The triple helix: Gene, organism, and environment Cambridge, MA: Harvard, University Press. Lidor, R., & Lavyan, N.A. (2002). Retrospective picture of early sport experiences among elite and near-elite israeli athletes: developmental and psychological perspectives. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 33, 269-289. Liston, K., Gregg, R., & Lowther, J. (2012). Elite sports police and coaching at the coalface. International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics, 5(3), 341-362. Liston, K., & Moreland, E. (2009). Sport and National Identity in Northern Ireland. New Hibernia Review, 13(4), 127-140. Lorenzo, A., & Sampaio, J. (2005). Reflexiones sobre los factores que pueden condicionar el desarrollo de los deportistas de alto nível. Apunts Educación Física y Deportes, 2º Trimestre, 63-70. Macphail, A., Gorely, T., & Kirk, D. (2003). Young people's socialisation into sport: A case study of an athletics club. Sport, Education and Society, 8(2), 251-267. Maguire, J. (2014). Introduction. In J. Maguire (Ed.), Social sciences of sport (pp.1-6). Champaign, Il: Human Kinetics. Maguire, J., Jarvie, G., Mansfield, L., & Bradley, J. (2002). Sport worlds. A sociological perspective. Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics. Makopoulou, K. & Armour, K.M., (2011). Physical education teachers' career-long professional learning: Getting personal. Sport, Education and Society, 16(5), 571-591. Malcolm, D., (2011). Sport Medicine, injured athletes and Norbert Elias's sociology of knowledge. Sociology of Sport Journal, 28(3), 282-304. Malina, R., Peña Reyes, M., Eisenmann, J., Horta, L. & Miller, R. (2000). Height, mass and skeletal maturity of elite Portugese soccer players aged 11-16 years. Journal of Sports Sciences, 18(9), 685-693. Massa, M., Uezu, R., & Böme, M. (2010). Judocas olímpicos brasileiros: Fatores de apoio psicossocial para o desenvolvimento do talento esportivo. Revista Brasileira Educação Física e Esporte, 24(4), 471-481. Massuca, L., & Fragoso, I. (2011). Study of portugese handball players of different playing status: A morphological and biosocial perspective. Biology of Sport, 28(1), 37-44. May, T. (2001). Social research: Issues, methods and process (Tird Ed.). Maidenhead and New York: Open University Press. Mellalieu, S., Hanton, S., & Fletcher, D. (2009). A competitive anxiety review: recent directions in sport psychology research. New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc. Morton, K.L., Keith, S.E., & Beauchamp, M.R. (2010). Transformational teaching and physical activity: A new paradigm for adolescent health promotion? Journal of Health Psychology, 15(2), 248-257. Mota, J., & Sallis, J. (2002). Actividade física e saúde. Factores de influência da actividade física nas crianças e adolescentes Porto: Campos das Letras. Neuman, W. (2003). Social research methods: Qualitative and quantitative approaches Boston: Pearson Education. Penney, D., & Jess, M. (2004). Physical education and physically active lives: A lifelong approach to curriculum development. Sport, Education and Society, 9(2), 269-287. Pérusse, L., Gagnon, J., Province, M., Rao, D., Wilmore, J., Leon, A., Bouchard, C., & Skinner, J. S. (2001). Family aggregation of submaximal aerobic performance: The HERITAGE family study. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 33(4), 597-604. Quivy, R., & Campenhoudt, L. (1998). Manual de Investigação em Ciências Sociais (2ª ed.). Lisboa: Gradiva Publicações Lda. Ramos, A., Vale, P., Salgado, B., Correia, P., Oliveira, E., Seabra, A., Rebelo, A., & Brito, J. (2010. Physical test performances of elite Portuguese junior soccer players according to positional roles. In B. Drust, T. Reilly and A. M. Williams (Eds.), International Research in Science and Soccer. 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PY - 2016/6/25

Y1 - 2016/6/25

N2 - This research examined the experiences of eight Portuguese (former) elite athletes from a social scientificperspective. In so doing it attempted to move away from the tentacles of achievement sport and, in particular, theperformance efficiency model that dominates elite sport. Rather, it focused on the subjective and qualitativeexperiences of sportspeople themselves and gave them a forum to reflect upon the primary socializing agentsthat played a key role in their sporting success, and on the peaks and troughs on their journeys to sportingsuccess, nationally and internationally. The research design included semi-structured interviews with athletesthat excelled in athletics, handball, gymnastics, korfball and swimming. All eight had achieved outstandingresults nationally and internationally. A qualitative approach was adopted for data collection and analysis.Giving voice to the former athletes themselves revealed much about: the primary socializing agents for sport intheir lives, as young, teenage and adult athletes; those role models and mentors that influenced their initial andongoing involvement and specialization in sport, these being the family (usually parents), physical educationteachers and peers; and, finally, the peaks and troughs in their careers which usually hinged around sportingsuccess or defeat, failure to achieve expected results, and the onset and impact of injury. Taken together, thesefindings reverberate with those of other researchers beyond the Lusophone world. They also indicate theemergence and development of a sports ethic in Portugal despite the comparatively late entry of that country into the global sporting arms race.

AB - This research examined the experiences of eight Portuguese (former) elite athletes from a social scientificperspective. In so doing it attempted to move away from the tentacles of achievement sport and, in particular, theperformance efficiency model that dominates elite sport. Rather, it focused on the subjective and qualitativeexperiences of sportspeople themselves and gave them a forum to reflect upon the primary socializing agentsthat played a key role in their sporting success, and on the peaks and troughs on their journeys to sportingsuccess, nationally and internationally. The research design included semi-structured interviews with athletesthat excelled in athletics, handball, gymnastics, korfball and swimming. All eight had achieved outstandingresults nationally and internationally. A qualitative approach was adopted for data collection and analysis.Giving voice to the former athletes themselves revealed much about: the primary socializing agents for sport intheir lives, as young, teenage and adult athletes; those role models and mentors that influenced their initial andongoing involvement and specialization in sport, these being the family (usually parents), physical educationteachers and peers; and, finally, the peaks and troughs in their careers which usually hinged around sportingsuccess or defeat, failure to achieve expected results, and the onset and impact of injury. Taken together, thesefindings reverberate with those of other researchers beyond the Lusophone world. They also indicate theemergence and development of a sports ethic in Portugal despite the comparatively late entry of that country into the global sporting arms race.

KW - sports ethic

KW - elite sport

KW - critical moments

KW - Portugal

KW - qualitative research

U2 - 10.7752/jpes.2016.02062

DO - 10.7752/jpes.2016.02062

M3 - Article

VL - 62

SP - 397

EP - 406

JO - Journal of Physical Education and Sport

T2 - Journal of Physical Education and Sport

JF - Journal of Physical Education and Sport

SN - 2247-8051

ER -