|Type||Food Research Collaboration Policy Briefing Paper.|
|Publisher||Food Research Collaboration|
|Number of pages||22|
|Publication status||Published - 26 Jan 2017|
- Food poverty
- food insecurity
- food waste
- surplus food
Access to Document
Research output: Other contribution
TY - GEN
T1 - Is it appropriate to use surplus food to feed people in hunger? Short-term Band-Aid to more deep rooted problems of poverty.
AU - Caraher, Martin
AU - Furey, Sinead
N1 - Reference text: 1. Lorenz, S., Socio-ecological consequences of charitable food assistance in the affluent society: the German Tafel. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 2012. 32(7/8): p. 386-400. 2. Lorenz, S., Having No Choice: Social Exclusion in the Affluent Society. Journal of Exclusion Studies, 2012. 5(1):p. 11-17. 3. de Schutter, O., Final report: The transformative potential of the right to food: Report of the Special Rapporteur on the right to food. 2014: Washington. 4. Hawkes, C. and J. Webster, Too much and too little? Debates on Surplus Food Redistribution. 2001: London. 5. Lindberg, R., N. Rose, and M. Caraher, The Human Right to Food. Parity, 2016. 29(2): p. 13-15. 6. Poppendieck, J., Sweet charity? Emergency food and the end of entitlement. 1998, New York: Penguin Group. 7. Riches, G., Hunger in Canada: abandoning the right to food., in First World Hunger, G. Riches, Editor. 1997, Macmillan: London. p. 46-77. 8. All-Party Parliamentary Inquiry into Hunger and Food Poverty, Feeding Britain: A strategy for zero hunger in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. 2014: London 9. The United Nations, The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. 1948. 10. Mayfield, S., Involving charitable food providers in advocacy efforts- lessons from Canada. 2015: London. 11. Rose, N., et al., The human right to food. Parity, 2016. 29(2): p. 13-15. 12. Food and Agriculture Organization. Key facts on food loss and waste you should know! 2016 [cited 2016 16 June); Available from: http://www.fao.org/save-food/resources/keyfindings/en/. 13. Bagherzadeh, M., M. Inamura, and H. Jeong, Food Waste Along the Food Chai, in OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Papers. 2014. 14. European Commission, Prepatory study on food waste across EU-27. 2011, European Commission: Brussels. 15. Quested, T., R. Ingle, and A. Parry, Household food and drink waste in the United Kingdom 2012. 2013: London. 16. 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Tarasuk, V., A. Mitchell, and N. Dachner, Household food insecurity in Canada: 2012. 2014: Toronto. 24. Coleman-Jensen, A.J., et al., Household Food Security in the United States in 2011. 2012. 25. Taylor, A. and R. Loopstra, Too poor to eat? Food insecurity in the UK. 2016: London. 26. Nelson, M., et al., Low income diet and nutrition survey, Volume 3: Nutritional Status, Physical Activity, Economic, Social and Other Factors. 2007: London. 20 Is it appropriate to use surplus food to feed people in hunger? Short-term Band-Aid to more deep-rooted problems of poverty 27. Trussell Trust, Foodbank use tops one million for first time says Trussell Trust. 2015, Trussell Trust: London. p.1-7. 28. Loopstra, R., et al., Austerity, sanctions, and the rise of food banks in the UK. BMJ, 2015. 350: p. h1775. 29. Forsey, A., An evidence review for the All-Party Parliamentary Inquiry into Hunger in the United Kingdom. 2014: London. 30. Fisher, L., Christian charity hits back over Tory attacks on food banks, in The Guardian 2014, Guardian News and Media Limited: London. 31. Lambie-Mumford, H., et al., Household food insecurity in the UK: a review of food aid. 2014: London. 32. Loopstra, R. and V. Tarasuk, The relationship between food banks and household food insecurity among low income Toronto families. Canadian Public Policy, 2012. 38(4): p. 497-514. 33. Ashton, J.R., J. Middleton, and T. Lang, Open letter to Prime Minister David Cameron on food poverty in the UK. The Lancet, 2014. 383(9929): p. 1631. 34. The Trussell Trust. Trussell Trust foodbank use remains at record high with over one million three-day emergency food supplies given to people in crisis in 2015/16. 2016 [cited 2016 5 July]; Available from: https://www.trusselltrust.org/news-and-blog/latest-stats/. 35. FareShare. Latest statistics show increased demand for surplus food. 2015 [cited 2016 5 July]; Available from: http://w ww.fareshare.org.uk/latest-statistics-show-increased-demand-for-surplus-food/. 36. Lambie-Mumford, H. and E. Dowler, Rising use of "food aid" in the United Kingdom. British Food Journal, 2014. 116(9): p. 1418-1425. 37. Loopstra, R., et al., Food insecurity and social protection in Europe: Quasi-natural experiment of Europe's great recessions 2004-2012. Prev Med, 2016. 89: p. 44-50. 38. Riches, G. and T. Silvasti, First World Hunger Revisited: Food Charity or the Right to Food? 2014, London: Palgrave Macmillan. 248. 39. van der Horst, H., S. Pascucci, and W. Bol, The “dark side” of food banks? Exploring emotional responses of food bank receivers in the Netherlands. British Food Journal, 2014. 116(9): p. 1506-1520. 40. Winne, M., Closing the Food Gap: resetting the Table in the land Of Plenty. 2009, Boston: Beacon Press. 41. de Schutter, O. (2013) ‘The Right to Food in Times of Crisis. In Just Fair Freedom from Hunger: Realising the Right to Food in the UK pp 7-11. London: Just Fair, 42. Carey, K., Vegemite sandwiches to feed Australia's hungry, in Australian Food Network. 2012. 43. Tarasuk, V. and J.M. Eakin, Food assistance through "surplus" food: insights from an ethnographic study of food bank work. Agriculture and Human Values, 2005. 22: p. 10. 44. Chrisafis, A., France to force big supermarkets to give unsold food to charities. , in The Guardian. 2015, The Guardian News and Media Ltd.: London. 45. urro, P. (2015), “La donazione degli alimenti invenduti. Verso la semplificazione normativa”, available at: http://www.minamniente.it/ 46. Smithers. R., Supermarkets pressed to donate spare food to charities, in The Guardian. 2012, Guardian News and Media Limited: London. 47 Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons. (2016) Food Waste (Reduction) Bill. London: The Stationery Office Limited. 48. National Zero Waste Council, A tax incentive to prevent food waste in Canada- Issues Brief. 2015: Vancouver. 49. Tarasuk, V., Donating 'edible waste' to food banks in exchange for tax credit? Now that's a rhubbish idea., in The Globe and Mail. 2015, The Globe and Mail Inc.: Toronto. 50. Caraher, M., The European Union Food Distribution programme for the Most Deprived Persons of the community, 1987-2013: From agricultural policy to social inclusion policy? Health Policy, 2015. 119(7): p. 932-40. 51. Bazerghi, C., McKay, F.H. and Dunn, M.J, The Role of Food Banks in Addressing Food Insecurity: A Systematic Review. Community Health, 2016. 41 (4): p. 732-740. 52. Lalor, D., Feeding the Gaps: food poverty and food surplus redistribution in Oxford. 2014: Oxford. 53. Holweg, C., E. Lienbacher, and W. Zinn, Social Supermarkets-a New Challenge in Supply Chain Management and Sustainability. Supply Chain Forum: An International Journal, 2010. 11(4): p. 50-58. 54. de Labarre, M.D., et al., Creating New Links Between Agriculture and Food Aid: New Perspectives from France, in Food poverty and insecurity: international food inequalities., M. Caraher and J. Coveney, Editors. 2016, Springer: Switzerland. 55. Renobales, M.D., L.E. San-Epifanio, and F. Molina, Social supermarkets: a dignifying tool against food insecurity for people at socio-economic risk, in Envisioning a future without food waste and food poverty. p.285-290. 56. Salonen, A.S., Food for the Soul or Soul for Food: Users' perspectives on Religiously Affiliated Food Charity in a Finnish City., in Theology. 2016, University of Helsinki: Helsinki. 57. Garthwaite, K., Hunger pains. 2016, Bristol: Policy Press. 58. Hamelin, A.M., M. Beaudry, and J.P. Habicht, Characterization of household food insecurity in Quebec: food and feelings. Soc Sci Med, 2002. 54(1): p. 119-32. 59. Tait, C., Hungry for Change. 2015: London. 60. Tarasuk, V. and J.M. Eakin, Charitable food assistance as symbolic gesture: an ethnographic study of food banks in Ontario. Soc Sci Med, 2003. 56(7): p. 1505-15. 61. Teron, A.C. and V.S. Tarasuk, Charitable food assistance: what are food bank users receiving? Can J Public Health, 1999. 90(6): p. 382-4. 62. Tarasuk, V., A critical examination of community-based responses to household food insecurity in Canada. Health Educ Behav, 2001. 28(4): p. 487-99. 63. Tarasuk, V., et al., A survey of food bank operations in five Canadian cities. BMC Public Health, 2014. 14: p.1234. 64. Kuhn, K., Unilever calls on industry to unite against food waste., in The Caterer. 2011, The Caterer: London. 65. Henningsson, S., et al., The value of resource efficiency in the food industry: a waste minimisation project in East Anglia, UK. Journal of Cleaner Production, 2004. 12(5): p. 505-512. 66. International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights,. 1966. 67. World Food Summit, Declaration on World Food Security. 1996: Rome. 68. de Schutter, O., Report of the Special Rapporteur on the right to food, Olivier De Schutter: Mission to Canada. 2012: Geneva. 69. de Schutter, O., Countries Tackling Hunger with a Right to Food Approach: Significant Progress in implementing the Right to Food at National Scale in Africa, Latin America and South Asia. 2010: Geneva. 70. Butler, P., Reliance on food banks must not become the norm, says charity, in The Guardian. 2016, The Guardian New & Media Ltd.: London. 71. Dowler, E.A. and D. O’Connor, Rights-based approaches to addressing food poverty and food insecurity in Ireland and UK. Social Science & Medicine, 2012. 74(1): p. 44-51.
PY - 2017/1/26
Y1 - 2017/1/26
N2 - There has been a rise in campaigning and attention focused on food waste in the domestic homesetting and across industry in terms of production, manufacturing, distribution and retailing. At the same time, the proliferation of food banks and more general emergency food aid across the UK has drawn attention to the problem of household food insecurity. Calls for actions to reduce food waste and reduce food insecurity have led to recommendations forenhancing systems to increase the redistribution of surplus food to emergency food aid charities asa solution to food insecurity.Our analysis of the benefits and drawbacks of the use of surplus food to feed food insecure peoplehighlights how this practice undermines calls for direct actions to both reduce the production ofsurplus food and to address upstream drivers of food insecurity and ensure the right to food.Recommendations call for civil society and policymakers to focus on systemic solutions to bothfood waste and household food insecurity as separate entities.While the redistribution of surplus food to emergency food aid providers provides immediate reliefin the short-term, there is no evidence to show that it addresses food insecurity.There is evidence from other countries that the use of surplus food for emergency food aid‘depoliticises’ hunger and allows governments not to address the gap between income and foodcosts.
AB - There has been a rise in campaigning and attention focused on food waste in the domestic homesetting and across industry in terms of production, manufacturing, distribution and retailing. At the same time, the proliferation of food banks and more general emergency food aid across the UK has drawn attention to the problem of household food insecurity. Calls for actions to reduce food waste and reduce food insecurity have led to recommendations forenhancing systems to increase the redistribution of surplus food to emergency food aid charities asa solution to food insecurity.Our analysis of the benefits and drawbacks of the use of surplus food to feed food insecure peoplehighlights how this practice undermines calls for direct actions to both reduce the production ofsurplus food and to address upstream drivers of food insecurity and ensure the right to food.Recommendations call for civil society and policymakers to focus on systemic solutions to bothfood waste and household food insecurity as separate entities.While the redistribution of surplus food to emergency food aid providers provides immediate reliefin the short-term, there is no evidence to show that it addresses food insecurity.There is evidence from other countries that the use of surplus food for emergency food aid‘depoliticises’ hunger and allows governments not to address the gap between income and foodcosts.
KW - Food poverty
KW - food insecurity
KW - food waste
KW - surplus food
M3 - Other contribution
PB - Food Research Collaboration