Investigation of the Mechanical Properties of Friction Drilling with 6082-T6 Aluminium Alloy

Hao Wu, Mark Porter, Richard Ward, Justin Quinn, Cormac Mcgarrigle, Shaun Mcfadden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Friction drilling is a non-conventional hole-making process suitable for thin-section, ductile metals. During friction drilling, heat is generated due to tool rotation and the resulting flow of metal creates a bushing on the exit side of the hole. The bushing offers a longer engagement length for any subsequent thread making process. The threaded holes in this study were created by friction drilling and thread forming in 6082-T6 aluminium alloy. Four scenarios of the threaded holes were created with four levels of rotation rates of friction drilling processes (2000 rpm to 4000 rpm) and the mechanical properties of the threaded holes were compared. It was shown that 3000−3500 rpm is the optimum range of the rotation rate that achieved the higher load-bearing capacities (i.e., resistance to thread stripping) of 5.0−5.5 kN. In addition, the regions close to the thread surfaces in all scenarios were found to have experienced localised hardening to a hardness from 113 HV to around 125 HV.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2469
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
Issue number7
Early online date27 Mar 2022
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 1 Apr 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This research was funded by the INTERREG VA Programme (IVA5055), managed by the Special EU Programmes Body (SEUPB), as part of the NW CAM project. The APC was funded through the NW CAM project.

Acknowledgments: The North West Centre for Advanced Manufacturing (NW CAM) project is supported by the European Union’s INTERREG VA Programme, and managed by the Special EU Programmes Body (SEUPB). The views and opinions in this document do not necessarily reflect those of the European Commission or the Special EU Programmes Body (SEUPB). If you would like further information about NW CAM please contact the lead partner, Catalyst, for details.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • friction drilling
  • thread forming
  • mechanical properties
  • Vickers hardness


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