Investigation of social and cognitive predictors in non-transition ultra-high-risk' individuals for psychosis using spiking neural networks

Zohreh Doborjeh, Maryam Doborjeh, Alexander Sumich, Balkaran Singh, Alexander Merkin, Sugam Budhraja, Wilson Goh, Edmund Lai, Margaret Williams, Samuel Tan, Jimmy Lee, Nikola Kasabov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
25 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Finding predictors of social and cognitive impairment in non-transition Ultra-High-Risk individuals (UHR) is critical in prognosis and planning of potential personalised intervention strategies. Social and cognitive functioning observed in youth at UHR for psychosis may be protective against transition to clinically relevant illness. The current study used a computational method known as Spiking Neural Network (SNN) to identify the cognitive and social predictors of transitioning outcome. Participants (90 UHR, 81 Healthy Control (HC)) completed batteries of neuropsychological tests in the domains of verbal memory, working memory, processing speed, attention, executive function along with social skills-based performance at baseline and 4 × 6-month follow-up intervals. The UHR status was recorded as Remitters, Converters or Maintained. SNN were used to model interactions between variables across groups over time and classify UHR status. The performance of SNN was examined relative to other machine learning methods. Higher interaction between social and cognitive variables was seen for the Maintained, than Remitter subgroup. Findings identified the most important cognitive and social variables (particularly verbal memory, processing speed, attention, affect and interpersonal social functioning) that showed discriminative patterns in the SNN models of HC vs UHR subgroups, with accuracies up to 80%;
outperforming other machine learning models (56–64% based on 18 months data). This finding is indicative of a promising direction for early detection of social and cognitive impairment in UHR individuals that may not anticipate transition to psychosis and implicate early initiated interventions to stem the impact of clinical symptoms of psychosis.
Original languageEnglish
Article number10
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalSchizophrenia
Volume9
Issue number1
Early online date15 Feb 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished online - 15 Feb 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors acknowledge the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment (MBIE), New Zealand; Data Science Funding and the National Research Foundation, Singapore for funding and supporting this research project. This research is supported by the MBIE Catalyst: Strategic—New Zealand-Singapore Data Science Research Programme Funding and the National Research Foundation, Singapore under its Industry Alignment Fund—Pre-positioning (IAF-PP) Funding Initiative.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s).

Keywords

  • psycosis
  • mental health
  • cogintive barain data
  • Social and cross cultural psychiatry
  • psychiatry
  • spiking neural networks
  • NeuCube architecture

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