In this paper, electromagnetic shielding effectiveness (EMSE) of needle-punched nonwoven fabric produced from silver-coated staple polyamide fibre having a fineness of 1.7 dtex was investigated. This production was carried out at Automatex needle punching line, which consists of carding, cross lapper and needle punching machine. After production, the surface resistivity measurements of needle-punched nonwoven fabric was carried out in accordance with ASTM D 257-07 standard. The EMSE of the as-produced needle-punched nonwoven fabric was determined using a network analyzer as specified in ASTM D4935-10 in the frequency range of 15–3000 MHz. Electromagnetic shielding test shows that needle-punched nonwoven fabric produced from 1.7-dtex silver-coated polyamide fibre has the highest shielding value of 36.53 dB in the frequency range of 15–3000 MHz. The EMSE of needle-punched nonwoven fabric with fibre fineness of 1.7 dtex increased from 11.00 dB maximum to 36.53 dB in the 15–3000 MHz frequency range. It was seen that as the frequency increases, reflection values of the needle-punched nonwoven fabric decrease at floating mode, while absorption values of the nonwoven fabric increase at floating mode in the frequency range of 15–3000 MHz. EMSE results of the needle-punched nonwoven fabric produced from 1.7-dtex silver-coated staple polyamide fibres were compared to carbon fabric and needle-punched nonwoven fabric made from stainless steel fibres.
- electromagnetic shielding and nonwoven
- needle punching
- silver coated polyamide fibre