Investigating the psychological impact of bank robbery: A cohort study

Maj Hansen, Cherie Armour, Mark Shevlin, Ask Elklit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Despite numerous annual bank robberies worldwide, research in the psychological sequelae of bank robberies is sparse and characterized by several limitations. To overcome these limitations we investigated the psychological impact of bank robbery in a cohort study by comparing general levels of traumatization and somatization in employees never exposed to robbery and employees exposed to robbery at different degrees and time-points, while controlling for selected risk factors of posttraumatic distress. Multivariate regression analyses showed that only the acute directly exposed robbery group which had a significantly higher score on general traumatization and somatization compared to the control group whilst controlling for other factors. In conclusion, bank robbery exposure appears to be especially associated with psychological distress in the acute phase and in victims present during the robbery. After the acute phase, other factors appear more important in predicting general traumatization and somatization in bank employees compared to exposure to robbery.
LanguageEnglish
Pages454-459
JournalJournal of Anxiety Disorders
Volume28
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Cohort Studies
Psychology
Multivariate Analysis
Regression Analysis
Control Groups
Research

Keywords

  • Bank robbery
  • Traumatization
  • Somatization
  • Cohort study
  • Control group

Cite this

Hansen, Maj ; Armour, Cherie ; Shevlin, Mark ; Elklit, Ask. / Investigating the psychological impact of bank robbery: A cohort study. In: Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 2014 ; Vol. 28, No. 5. pp. 454-459.
@article{7b98d8f232c74c139985372b3a3ed245,
title = "Investigating the psychological impact of bank robbery: A cohort study",
abstract = "Despite numerous annual bank robberies worldwide, research in the psychological sequelae of bank robberies is sparse and characterized by several limitations. To overcome these limitations we investigated the psychological impact of bank robbery in a cohort study by comparing general levels of traumatization and somatization in employees never exposed to robbery and employees exposed to robbery at different degrees and time-points, while controlling for selected risk factors of posttraumatic distress. Multivariate regression analyses showed that only the acute directly exposed robbery group which had a significantly higher score on general traumatization and somatization compared to the control group whilst controlling for other factors. In conclusion, bank robbery exposure appears to be especially associated with psychological distress in the acute phase and in victims present during the robbery. After the acute phase, other factors appear more important in predicting general traumatization and somatization in bank employees compared to exposure to robbery.",
keywords = "Bank robbery, Traumatization, Somatization, Cohort study, Control group",
author = "Maj Hansen and Cherie Armour and Mark Shevlin and Ask Elklit",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1016/j.janxdis.2014.04.005",
language = "English",
volume = "28",
pages = "454--459",
journal = "Journal of Anxiety Disorders",
issn = "0887-6185",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "5",

}

Investigating the psychological impact of bank robbery: A cohort study. / Hansen, Maj; Armour, Cherie; Shevlin, Mark; Elklit, Ask.

In: Journal of Anxiety Disorders, Vol. 28, No. 5, 2014, p. 454-459.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Investigating the psychological impact of bank robbery: A cohort study

AU - Hansen, Maj

AU - Armour, Cherie

AU - Shevlin, Mark

AU - Elklit, Ask

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Despite numerous annual bank robberies worldwide, research in the psychological sequelae of bank robberies is sparse and characterized by several limitations. To overcome these limitations we investigated the psychological impact of bank robbery in a cohort study by comparing general levels of traumatization and somatization in employees never exposed to robbery and employees exposed to robbery at different degrees and time-points, while controlling for selected risk factors of posttraumatic distress. Multivariate regression analyses showed that only the acute directly exposed robbery group which had a significantly higher score on general traumatization and somatization compared to the control group whilst controlling for other factors. In conclusion, bank robbery exposure appears to be especially associated with psychological distress in the acute phase and in victims present during the robbery. After the acute phase, other factors appear more important in predicting general traumatization and somatization in bank employees compared to exposure to robbery.

AB - Despite numerous annual bank robberies worldwide, research in the psychological sequelae of bank robberies is sparse and characterized by several limitations. To overcome these limitations we investigated the psychological impact of bank robbery in a cohort study by comparing general levels of traumatization and somatization in employees never exposed to robbery and employees exposed to robbery at different degrees and time-points, while controlling for selected risk factors of posttraumatic distress. Multivariate regression analyses showed that only the acute directly exposed robbery group which had a significantly higher score on general traumatization and somatization compared to the control group whilst controlling for other factors. In conclusion, bank robbery exposure appears to be especially associated with psychological distress in the acute phase and in victims present during the robbery. After the acute phase, other factors appear more important in predicting general traumatization and somatization in bank employees compared to exposure to robbery.

KW - Bank robbery

KW - Traumatization

KW - Somatization

KW - Cohort study

KW - Control group

U2 - 10.1016/j.janxdis.2014.04.005

DO - 10.1016/j.janxdis.2014.04.005

M3 - Article

VL - 28

SP - 454

EP - 459

JO - Journal of Anxiety Disorders

T2 - Journal of Anxiety Disorders

JF - Journal of Anxiety Disorders

SN - 0887-6185

IS - 5

ER -