Interannual dynamics of aerial and arboreal green spruce aphid populations

KR Day, MP Ayres, R Harrington, NAC Kidd

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    16 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Partial defoliation of spruce by the green spruce aphid Elatobium abietinum (Walker) is a recurrent event in European and, increasingly, North American forests. The patterns of insect abundance on trees have never been satisfactorily described by a numerical model, despite considerable knowledge of endogenous and exogenous factors in the population dynamics of the species. Long-term field population estimates of the aphid on foliage provided the opportunity to evaluate such a model. Unlike comparable models for tree-dwelling aphids, this was also applicable to almost completely independent aphid field data derived from the Rothamsted Insect Survey’s nationwide network of suction traps. Although based on relatively few parameters, the model was robust in its predictions of alate aphids geographically remote from the forest in which the original population was estimated. The population maximum, which causes the greatest forest damage, is reached in early summer and can be predicted from knowledge of winter temperature (chill bouts), spring temperature (thermal sum) and inter-annual negative feedback (density dependence). The model provides confirmation that alate populations of spruce aphids, upon which a number of other extensive studies have been based, are ultimately influenced by similar endogenous and climatic factors, and that they are a reasonable proxy for aphids on trees.
    LanguageEnglish
    Pages317-327
    Number of pages11
    JournalPopulation Ecology
    Volume52
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2010

    Fingerprint

    aphid
    insect
    density dependence
    defoliation
    suction
    foliage
    population dynamics
    temperature
    winter
    summer
    prediction

    Keywords

    • Climate • Defoliator • Elatobium abietinum • Picea sitchensis • Population time series

    Cite this

    Day, KR ; Ayres, MP ; Harrington, R ; Kidd, NAC. / Interannual dynamics of aerial and arboreal green spruce aphid populations. In: Population Ecology. 2010 ; Vol. 52, No. 2. pp. 317-327.
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    Interannual dynamics of aerial and arboreal green spruce aphid populations. / Day, KR; Ayres, MP; Harrington, R; Kidd, NAC.

    In: Population Ecology, Vol. 52, No. 2, 01.04.2010, p. 317-327.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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