Integrating cultural and natural heritage approaches to Marine Protected Areas in the MENA region

C Breen, Crystal El Safadi , Harmen Huigens, Sophie Tews, Kieran Westley, Georgia Andreou, Rodrigo Ortiz-Vazquez, Julia Nikolaus, Lucy Blue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)
54 Downloads (Pure)


Over the past two decades, Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) have emerged as one of the primary legislative initiatives used to protect the marine environment. Additionally, they are recognised as an integral management mechanism used to address Climate Change, and some consider them to be a driver for sustainable community development. To date, these areas have been used primarily to protect the natural environment, but there is both a clear justification and need to integrate cultural heritage into this network of sites. Such an integrated model would allow for the better realisation of the socio-economic development aspirations around MPA designation, and allow for broader inclusivity, and participatory community action and engagement. The integration of both tangible and intangible cultural heritage into these frameworks will support enhanced social cohesion, and a strengthening of place-making.
Original languageEnglish
Article number104676
JournalMarine Policy
Early online date10 Jul 2021
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 31 Oct 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The MarEA project is very grateful to Arcadia, a charitable fund of Lisbet Rausing and Peter Baldwin, for funding this project.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021


  • Marine Protected Areas
  • Cultural Heritage
  • MENA
  • Aqaba
  • Tyre


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