Integrating cultural and natural heritage approaches to Marine Protected Areas in the MENA region

Crystal El Safadi , Sophie Tews, Georgia Andreou, Rodrigo Ortiz-Vazquez, Lucy Blue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Over the past two decades, Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) have emerged as one of the primary legislative initiatives used to protect the marine environment. Additionally, they are recognised as an integral management mechanism used to address Climate Change, and some consider them to be a driver for sustainable community development. To date, these areas have been used primarily to protect the natural environment, but there is both a clear justification and need to integrate cultural heritage into this network of sites. Such an integrated model would allow for the better realisation of the socio-economic development aspirations around MPA designation, and allow for broader inclusivity, and participatory community action and engagement. The integration of both tangible and intangible cultural heritage into these frameworks will support enhanced social cohesion, and a strengthening of place-making.
Original languageEnglish
Article number104676
JournalMarine Policy
Issue number104676
Early online date10 Jul 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 Jul 2021


  • Marine Protected Areas
  • Cultural Heritage
  • MENA
  • Aqaba
  • Tyre


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