Intakes and adequacy of potentially important nutrients for cognitive development among 5-year-old children in the Seychelles Child Development and Nutrition Study

Alison J McAfee, Maria S Mulhern, Emeir M McSorley, Julie Wallace, Maxine P. Bonham, Jude Faure, Sarah Romain, Christina Esther, Conrad F Shamlaye, Gene E Watson, Gary J Myers, Thomas W Clarkson, Philip W Davidson, JJ Strain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:To assess the nutritional adequacy of Seychellois children in relation to nutrients reported to be important for cognitive development.DESIGN:Dietary intakes were assessed by 4 d weighed food diaries and analysed using dietary analysis software (WISP version 3·0; Tinuviel Software, UK). Individual nutrient intakes were adjusted to usual intakes and, in order to investigate adequacy, were compared with the UK Estimated Average Requirements for children aged 4-6 years.SETTING:Children 5 years old were followed up as part of the Seychelles Child Development Nutrition Study (SCDNS), located in the high-fish-consuming population of Mahé, Republic of Seychelles.SUBJECTS:Analysis was carried out on a sample of 229 children (118 boys, 111 girls).RESULTS:Children consumed a diet of which fortified cereal and milk products contributed the most to nutrient intakes. The majority (≥80 %) of children met requirements for several nutrients important for child development including Fe, folate and Se. Adjusted dietary intakes of Cu, Zn, iodine, niacin and vitamin A were below the Estimated Average Requirement or Recommended Nutrient Intake. Mean adjusted energy intakes (boys 4769 kJ/d (1139·84 kcal/d), girls 4759 kJ/d (1137·43 kcal/d)) were lower than the estimated energy requirement (boys 5104 kJ/d (1220 kcal/d), girls 5042 kJ/d (1205 kcal/d)) for 88 % of boys and 86 % of girls.CONCLUSIONS:Nutrition was adequate for most children within the SCDNS cohort. Low intakes of some nutrients (including Zn, niacin and vitamin A) could reflect nutritional database inaccuracies, but may require further investigation. The study provides valuable information on the adequacy of intakes of nutrients which could affect the growth and development of Seychellois children.
LanguageEnglish
Pages1-8
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
Volume0
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Feb 2012

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Seychelles
Child Development
Food
Niacin
Vitamin A
Software
Diet Records
Energy Intake
Growth and Development
Folic Acid
Iodine
Fishes
Milk
Cohort Studies
Databases
Diet

Cite this

McAfee, Alison J ; Mulhern, Maria S ; McSorley, Emeir M ; Wallace, Julie ; Bonham, Maxine P. ; Faure, Jude ; Romain, Sarah ; Esther, Christina ; Shamlaye, Conrad F ; Watson, Gene E ; Myers, Gary J ; Clarkson, Thomas W ; Davidson, Philip W ; Strain, JJ. / Intakes and adequacy of potentially important nutrients for cognitive development among 5-year-old children in the Seychelles Child Development and Nutrition Study. In: Public Health Nutrition. 2012 ; Vol. 0. pp. 1-8.
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abstract = "OBJECTIVE:To assess the nutritional adequacy of Seychellois children in relation to nutrients reported to be important for cognitive development.DESIGN:Dietary intakes were assessed by 4 d weighed food diaries and analysed using dietary analysis software (WISP version 3·0; Tinuviel Software, UK). Individual nutrient intakes were adjusted to usual intakes and, in order to investigate adequacy, were compared with the UK Estimated Average Requirements for children aged 4-6 years.SETTING:Children 5 years old were followed up as part of the Seychelles Child Development Nutrition Study (SCDNS), located in the high-fish-consuming population of Mah{\'e}, Republic of Seychelles.SUBJECTS:Analysis was carried out on a sample of 229 children (118 boys, 111 girls).RESULTS:Children consumed a diet of which fortified cereal and milk products contributed the most to nutrient intakes. The majority (≥80 {\%}) of children met requirements for several nutrients important for child development including Fe, folate and Se. Adjusted dietary intakes of Cu, Zn, iodine, niacin and vitamin A were below the Estimated Average Requirement or Recommended Nutrient Intake. Mean adjusted energy intakes (boys 4769 kJ/d (1139·84 kcal/d), girls 4759 kJ/d (1137·43 kcal/d)) were lower than the estimated energy requirement (boys 5104 kJ/d (1220 kcal/d), girls 5042 kJ/d (1205 kcal/d)) for 88 {\%} of boys and 86 {\%} of girls.CONCLUSIONS:Nutrition was adequate for most children within the SCDNS cohort. Low intakes of some nutrients (including Zn, niacin and vitamin A) could reflect nutritional database inaccuracies, but may require further investigation. The study provides valuable information on the adequacy of intakes of nutrients which could affect the growth and development of Seychellois children.",
author = "McAfee, {Alison J} and Mulhern, {Maria S} and McSorley, {Emeir M} and Julie Wallace and Bonham, {Maxine P.} and Jude Faure and Sarah Romain and Christina Esther and Shamlaye, {Conrad F} and Watson, {Gene E} and Myers, {Gary J} and Clarkson, {Thomas W} and Davidson, {Philip W} and JJ Strain",
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Intakes and adequacy of potentially important nutrients for cognitive development among 5-year-old children in the Seychelles Child Development and Nutrition Study. / McAfee, Alison J; Mulhern, Maria S; McSorley, Emeir M; Wallace, Julie; Bonham, Maxine P.; Faure, Jude; Romain, Sarah; Esther, Christina; Shamlaye, Conrad F; Watson, Gene E; Myers, Gary J; Clarkson, Thomas W; Davidson, Philip W; Strain, JJ.

In: Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 0, 10.02.2012, p. 1-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Intakes and adequacy of potentially important nutrients for cognitive development among 5-year-old children in the Seychelles Child Development and Nutrition Study

AU - McAfee, Alison J

AU - Mulhern, Maria S

AU - McSorley, Emeir M

AU - Wallace, Julie

AU - Bonham, Maxine P.

AU - Faure, Jude

AU - Romain, Sarah

AU - Esther, Christina

AU - Shamlaye, Conrad F

AU - Watson, Gene E

AU - Myers, Gary J

AU - Clarkson, Thomas W

AU - Davidson, Philip W

AU - Strain, JJ

PY - 2012/2/10

Y1 - 2012/2/10

N2 - OBJECTIVE:To assess the nutritional adequacy of Seychellois children in relation to nutrients reported to be important for cognitive development.DESIGN:Dietary intakes were assessed by 4 d weighed food diaries and analysed using dietary analysis software (WISP version 3·0; Tinuviel Software, UK). Individual nutrient intakes were adjusted to usual intakes and, in order to investigate adequacy, were compared with the UK Estimated Average Requirements for children aged 4-6 years.SETTING:Children 5 years old were followed up as part of the Seychelles Child Development Nutrition Study (SCDNS), located in the high-fish-consuming population of Mahé, Republic of Seychelles.SUBJECTS:Analysis was carried out on a sample of 229 children (118 boys, 111 girls).RESULTS:Children consumed a diet of which fortified cereal and milk products contributed the most to nutrient intakes. The majority (≥80 %) of children met requirements for several nutrients important for child development including Fe, folate and Se. Adjusted dietary intakes of Cu, Zn, iodine, niacin and vitamin A were below the Estimated Average Requirement or Recommended Nutrient Intake. Mean adjusted energy intakes (boys 4769 kJ/d (1139·84 kcal/d), girls 4759 kJ/d (1137·43 kcal/d)) were lower than the estimated energy requirement (boys 5104 kJ/d (1220 kcal/d), girls 5042 kJ/d (1205 kcal/d)) for 88 % of boys and 86 % of girls.CONCLUSIONS:Nutrition was adequate for most children within the SCDNS cohort. Low intakes of some nutrients (including Zn, niacin and vitamin A) could reflect nutritional database inaccuracies, but may require further investigation. The study provides valuable information on the adequacy of intakes of nutrients which could affect the growth and development of Seychellois children.

AB - OBJECTIVE:To assess the nutritional adequacy of Seychellois children in relation to nutrients reported to be important for cognitive development.DESIGN:Dietary intakes were assessed by 4 d weighed food diaries and analysed using dietary analysis software (WISP version 3·0; Tinuviel Software, UK). Individual nutrient intakes were adjusted to usual intakes and, in order to investigate adequacy, were compared with the UK Estimated Average Requirements for children aged 4-6 years.SETTING:Children 5 years old were followed up as part of the Seychelles Child Development Nutrition Study (SCDNS), located in the high-fish-consuming population of Mahé, Republic of Seychelles.SUBJECTS:Analysis was carried out on a sample of 229 children (118 boys, 111 girls).RESULTS:Children consumed a diet of which fortified cereal and milk products contributed the most to nutrient intakes. The majority (≥80 %) of children met requirements for several nutrients important for child development including Fe, folate and Se. Adjusted dietary intakes of Cu, Zn, iodine, niacin and vitamin A were below the Estimated Average Requirement or Recommended Nutrient Intake. Mean adjusted energy intakes (boys 4769 kJ/d (1139·84 kcal/d), girls 4759 kJ/d (1137·43 kcal/d)) were lower than the estimated energy requirement (boys 5104 kJ/d (1220 kcal/d), girls 5042 kJ/d (1205 kcal/d)) for 88 % of boys and 86 % of girls.CONCLUSIONS:Nutrition was adequate for most children within the SCDNS cohort. Low intakes of some nutrients (including Zn, niacin and vitamin A) could reflect nutritional database inaccuracies, but may require further investigation. The study provides valuable information on the adequacy of intakes of nutrients which could affect the growth and development of Seychellois children.

U2 - 10.1017/S136898001200016X

DO - 10.1017/S136898001200016X

M3 - Article

VL - 0

SP - 1

EP - 8

JO - Public Health Nutrition

T2 - Public Health Nutrition

JF - Public Health Nutrition

SN - 1368-9800

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