Brevinin-1BYa is a 24-amino acid residue host-defense peptide, first isolated from skin secretions of the foothill yellow-legged frog Rana boylii. The peptide is of interest as it shows broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity and is particularly effective against opportunistic yeast pathogens. Its potential for clinical use, however, is hindered by its latent haemolytic activity. The structures of two analogues, the less haemolytic [C18S,C24S]brevinin1BYa and the more potent trans-dicarba-brevinin-1BYa were investigated in various solution and membrane-mimicking environments by 1HNMR spectroscopy and molecular modelling techniques. Neither peptide possesses a secondary structure in aqueous solution. In both the membrane-mimicking sodium dodecyl sulphate micelles and 33% 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol (TFE-d3)-H2O solvent mixture, the peptides’ structures are characterised by two α-helices connected by a flexible hinge located at the Gly13/Pro14 residues. With the aid of molecular dynamics simulations and paramagnetic probes, it was determined that the peptides’ helical segments lie parallel to the micellar surface, with their hydrophobic residues facing towards the micelle core and the hydrophilic residues pointing outwards, suggesting that both peptides exert their biological activity by a non-pore-forming mechanism. Unlike that of the dicarba analogue, the C-terminus of the acyclic peptide is only weakly associated with the micellar surface and is in direct contact with the surrounding aqueous solvent.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||EUROPEAN BIOPHYSICS JOURNAL WITH BIOPHYSICS LETTERS|
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 13 Aug 2019|
- Antimicrobial peptide
- Molecular modeling
Timmons, PB., O'Flynn, D., Conlon, JM., & Hewage, C. (Accepted/In press). Insights into conformation and membrane interactions of the acyclic and dicarba‑bridged brevinin‑1BYa antimicrobial peptides. EUROPEAN BIOPHYSICS JOURNAL WITH BIOPHYSICS LETTERS, 48(8), 701-710.