Influence of the Graphical Levels of Detail of a Virtual Thrower on the Perception of the Movement

N. Vignais, R. Kulpa, Cathy Craig, S. Brault, F. Multon, B. Bideau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Virtual reality has a number of advantages for analyzing sports interactions such as the standardization of experimental conditions, stereoscopic vision, and complete control of animated humanoid movement. Nevertheless, in order to be useful for sports applications, accurate perception of simulated movement in the virtual sports environment is essential. This perception depends on parameters of the synthetic character such as the number of degrees of freedom of its skeleton or the levels of detail (LOD) of its graphical representation. This study focuses on the influence of this latter parameter on the perception of the movement. In order to evaluate it, this study analyzes the judgments of immersed handball goalkeepers that play against a graphically modified virtual thrower. Five graphical representations of the throwing action were defined: a textured reference level (L0), a nontextured level (L1), a wire-frame level (L2), a moving point light display (MLD) level with a normal-sized ball (L3), and a MLD level where the ball is represented by a point of light (L4). The results show that judgments made by goalkeepers in the L4 condition are significantly less accurate than in all the other conditions (p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-252
Number of pages10
JournalPresence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 1 Jun 2010


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