Influence of confining geometry on the dielectric behavior of a FLC sample having TGBA phase

T Ray, S Kundu, SK Roy, SS Roy, JAD McLaughlin, R Stannarius

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Abstract

We report on the dielectric permittivities in 1 kHz to 4 MHz frequency region of the ferroelectric liquid crystal (FLC) material CB500 having a TGBA phase. Molecular and collective relaxation processes have been studied in bulk and in confined environment. In the bulk sample, a Goldstone mode (GM) and a molecular mode were observed in the SmC* phase and the softmode (SM) was observed in the TGBA phase. The Goldstone mode was also present in the FLC sample confined in 0.2 mu m Anopore membranes. The relaxation frequency of this mode was shifted to the higher-frequency region in comparison to that observed in the bulk sample. In the Anopore confined FLC sample, another relaxation process (AP) was observed, which possibly arises due to some collective movement of the molecules attached to the cavity walls. The relaxation frequency of this process is almost independent of temperature and this process is only observed in the SmC* phase.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4119-4128
JournalInternational Journal of Modern Physics B
Volume18
Issue number31-32
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2004

Keywords

  • dielectric
  • ferroelectricity
  • confined geometry
  • anopore

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