Increased portion size leads to a sustained increase in energy intake over 4d in normal-weight and overweight men and women

Mary Kelly, JMW Wallace, Paula J. Robson, Kirsten L. Rennie, RW WELCH, Mary P.A Hannon-Fletcher, Sarah Brennan, Adrian Fletcher, Barbara Livingstone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Large food portions may be facilitating excess energy intake (EI) and adiposity among adults. The present study aimed to assess the extent to which El and amounts of foods consumed are influenced by the availability of different-sized food portions. A randomised within-subject cross-over, fully residential design was used, where forty-three (twenty-one men and twenty-two women) normal-weight and overweight adults were randomly allocated to two separate 4 d periods where they were presented with either `standard' or `large' food portions of the same foods and beverages. The main outcome measures were the amount of food (g) and El (MJ) consumed throughout each study period. Mean El over 4d was significantly higher on the large portion condition compared with the standard condition in the total group (59.1 (SD 6.6) v. 52.2 (so 143) MJ; P=0.020); men and women increased their El by 17% (10 (SD 6.5) MJ; P<0.001) and 10% (4 (SD 6.5) MJ; P=0.005) respectively when served the large food portions relative to the standard food portions. The increased intakes were sustained over the 4 d in the large portion condition with little evidence of down-regulation of El and food intake being made by subjects. Increased food portion size resulted in significant and sustained increases in El in men and women over 4 d under fully residential conditions. The availability and consumption of larger portions of food may be a significant factor contributing to excess El and adiposity.
LanguageEnglish
Pages470-477
JournalBRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION
Volume102
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2009

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Portion Size
Energy Intake
Weights and Measures
Food
Adiposity
Food and Beverages
Down-Regulation
Eating
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)

Cite this

Kelly, Mary ; Wallace, JMW ; Robson, Paula J. ; Rennie, Kirsten L. ; WELCH, RW ; Hannon-Fletcher, Mary P.A ; Brennan, Sarah ; Fletcher, Adrian ; Livingstone, Barbara. / Increased portion size leads to a sustained increase in energy intake over 4d in normal-weight and overweight men and women. In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION. 2009 ; Vol. 102, No. 3. pp. 470-477.
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abstract = "Large food portions may be facilitating excess energy intake (EI) and adiposity among adults. The present study aimed to assess the extent to which El and amounts of foods consumed are influenced by the availability of different-sized food portions. A randomised within-subject cross-over, fully residential design was used, where forty-three (twenty-one men and twenty-two women) normal-weight and overweight adults were randomly allocated to two separate 4 d periods where they were presented with either `standard' or `large' food portions of the same foods and beverages. The main outcome measures were the amount of food (g) and El (MJ) consumed throughout each study period. Mean El over 4d was significantly higher on the large portion condition compared with the standard condition in the total group (59.1 (SD 6.6) v. 52.2 (so 143) MJ; P=0.020); men and women increased their El by 17{\%} (10 (SD 6.5) MJ; P<0.001) and 10{\%} (4 (SD 6.5) MJ; P=0.005) respectively when served the large food portions relative to the standard food portions. The increased intakes were sustained over the 4 d in the large portion condition with little evidence of down-regulation of El and food intake being made by subjects. Increased food portion size resulted in significant and sustained increases in El in men and women over 4 d under fully residential conditions. The availability and consumption of larger portions of food may be a significant factor contributing to excess El and adiposity.",
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Increased portion size leads to a sustained increase in energy intake over 4d in normal-weight and overweight men and women. / Kelly, Mary; Wallace, JMW; Robson, Paula J.; Rennie, Kirsten L.; WELCH, RW; Hannon-Fletcher, Mary P.A; Brennan, Sarah; Fletcher, Adrian; Livingstone, Barbara.

In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, Vol. 102, No. 3, 08.2009, p. 470-477.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Kelly, Mary

AU - Wallace, JMW

AU - Robson, Paula J.

AU - Rennie, Kirsten L.

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AU - Brennan, Sarah

AU - Fletcher, Adrian

AU - Livingstone, Barbara

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N2 - Large food portions may be facilitating excess energy intake (EI) and adiposity among adults. The present study aimed to assess the extent to which El and amounts of foods consumed are influenced by the availability of different-sized food portions. A randomised within-subject cross-over, fully residential design was used, where forty-three (twenty-one men and twenty-two women) normal-weight and overweight adults were randomly allocated to two separate 4 d periods where they were presented with either `standard' or `large' food portions of the same foods and beverages. The main outcome measures were the amount of food (g) and El (MJ) consumed throughout each study period. Mean El over 4d was significantly higher on the large portion condition compared with the standard condition in the total group (59.1 (SD 6.6) v. 52.2 (so 143) MJ; P=0.020); men and women increased their El by 17% (10 (SD 6.5) MJ; P<0.001) and 10% (4 (SD 6.5) MJ; P=0.005) respectively when served the large food portions relative to the standard food portions. The increased intakes were sustained over the 4 d in the large portion condition with little evidence of down-regulation of El and food intake being made by subjects. Increased food portion size resulted in significant and sustained increases in El in men and women over 4 d under fully residential conditions. The availability and consumption of larger portions of food may be a significant factor contributing to excess El and adiposity.

AB - Large food portions may be facilitating excess energy intake (EI) and adiposity among adults. The present study aimed to assess the extent to which El and amounts of foods consumed are influenced by the availability of different-sized food portions. A randomised within-subject cross-over, fully residential design was used, where forty-three (twenty-one men and twenty-two women) normal-weight and overweight adults were randomly allocated to two separate 4 d periods where they were presented with either `standard' or `large' food portions of the same foods and beverages. The main outcome measures were the amount of food (g) and El (MJ) consumed throughout each study period. Mean El over 4d was significantly higher on the large portion condition compared with the standard condition in the total group (59.1 (SD 6.6) v. 52.2 (so 143) MJ; P=0.020); men and women increased their El by 17% (10 (SD 6.5) MJ; P<0.001) and 10% (4 (SD 6.5) MJ; P=0.005) respectively when served the large food portions relative to the standard food portions. The increased intakes were sustained over the 4 d in the large portion condition with little evidence of down-regulation of El and food intake being made by subjects. Increased food portion size resulted in significant and sustained increases in El in men and women over 4 d under fully residential conditions. The availability and consumption of larger portions of food may be a significant factor contributing to excess El and adiposity.

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