Increased photovoltaic performance through temperature regulation by phase change materials: Materials comparison in different climates

A Hasan, S.J. McCormack, M. J. Huang, B Norton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A photovoltaic–phase change material (PV–PCM) system has been developed to reduce photovoltaic (PV) temperature dependent power loss. The system has been evaluated outdoors with two phase change materials (PCMs); a salt hydrate, CaCl2⋅6H2O and a eutectic mixture of fatty acids, capric acid–palmitic acid in two different climates of Dublin, Ireland (53.33N, 6.25W) and Vehari, Pakistan (30.03N, 72.25E). Both the integrated PCMs maintained lower PV panel temperature than the reference PV panel. Salt hydrate CaCl2⋅6H2O maintained lower PV temperature than capric–palmitic acid at both the tested sites. The lower PV temperatures effected by the use of the PCMs prevented the associated PV power loss and increased PV conversion efficiencies. Both the PCMs attained higher temperature drop in warm and stable weather conditions of Vehari than the cooler and variant weather conditions of Dublin.
LanguageEnglish
Pages264-276
JournalSolar Energy
Volume115
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2015

Fingerprint

Phase change materials
Palmitic acid
Hydrates
Temperature
Salts
Fatty acids
Eutectics
Conversion efficiency
Acids

Keywords

  • Phase change materials
  • Temperature regulation
  • Photovoltaics
  • Performance increase

Cite this

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Increased photovoltaic performance through temperature regulation by phase change materials: Materials comparison in different climates. / Hasan, A; McCormack, S.J.; Huang, M. J.; Norton, B.

Vol. 115, 05.2015, p. 264-276.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Increased photovoltaic performance through temperature regulation by phase change materials: Materials comparison in different climates

AU - Hasan, A

AU - McCormack, S.J.

AU - Huang, M. J.

AU - Norton, B

PY - 2015/5

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AB - A photovoltaic–phase change material (PV–PCM) system has been developed to reduce photovoltaic (PV) temperature dependent power loss. The system has been evaluated outdoors with two phase change materials (PCMs); a salt hydrate, CaCl2⋅6H2O and a eutectic mixture of fatty acids, capric acid–palmitic acid in two different climates of Dublin, Ireland (53.33N, 6.25W) and Vehari, Pakistan (30.03N, 72.25E). Both the integrated PCMs maintained lower PV panel temperature than the reference PV panel. Salt hydrate CaCl2⋅6H2O maintained lower PV temperature than capric–palmitic acid at both the tested sites. The lower PV temperatures effected by the use of the PCMs prevented the associated PV power loss and increased PV conversion efficiencies. Both the PCMs attained higher temperature drop in warm and stable weather conditions of Vehari than the cooler and variant weather conditions of Dublin.

KW - Phase change materials

KW - Temperature regulation

KW - Photovoltaics

KW - Performance increase

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