In vitro and in vivo insulinotropic properties of the multifunctional frog skin peptide hymenochirin-1B: a structure-activity study.

BO Owolabi, OO Ojo, DK Srinivasan, Peter Flatt, JM Conlon, Yasser Abdel-Wahab

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Hymenochirin-1b (Hym-1B; IKLSPETKDNLKKVLKGAIKGAIAVAKMV.NH2) is a cationic, α-helical amphibian host-defense peptide with antimicrobial, anticancer, and immunomodulatory properties. This study investigates the abilities of the peptide and nine analogues containing substitutions of Pro(5), Glu(6), and Asp(9) by either L-lysine or D-lysine to stimulate insulin release in vitro using BRIN-BD11 clonal β cells or isolated mouse islets and in vivo using mice fed a high-fat diet to produce obesity and insulin resistance. Hym-1B produced a significant and concentration-dependent increase in the rate of insulin release from BRIN-BD11 cells without cytotoxicity at concentrations up to 1 µM with a threshold concentration of 1 nM. The threshold concentrations for the analogues were: [P5K], [E6K], [D9K], [P5K, E6K] and [E6K, D9k] 0.003 nM, [E6K, D9K] and [D9k] 0.01 nM, [P5K, D9K] 0.1 nM and [E6k] 0.3 nM. All peptides displayed cytotoxicity at concentrations ≥1 µM except the [P5K] and [D9k] analogues which were non-toxic at 3 µM. The potency and maximum rate of insulin release from mouse islets produced by the [P5K] peptide were significantly greater than produced by Hym-1B. Neither Hym-1B nor the [P5K] analogue at 1 µM concentration had an effect on membrane depolarization or intracellular Ca(2+). The [P5K] analogue (1 µM) produced a significant increase in cAMP concentration in BRIN-BD11 cells and stimulated GLP-1 secretion from GLUTag cells. Down-regulation of the protein kinase A pathway by overnight incubation with forskolin completely abolished the insulin-releasing effects of [P5K]hym-1B. Intraperitoneal administration of the [P5K] and [D9k] analogues (75 nmol/kg body weight) to high-fat-fed mice with insulin resistance significantly enhanced glucose tolerance with a concomitant increase in insulin secretion. We conclude that [P5K]hym-1B and [D9k]hym-1B show potential for development into anti-diabetic agents.
LanguageEnglish
Pages535-547
JournalAmino Acids
Volume48
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2016

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Skin
Insulin
Peptides
Cytotoxicity
Lysine
Fats
Glucagon-Like Peptide 1
Depolarization
Colforsin
Nutrition
Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases
Substitution reactions
Membranes
Glucose

Keywords

  • Hymenochirin-1b – Type 2 diabetes – Amphibian skin peptide – Insulin release

Cite this

@article{f51a4270fe0c4e4f8ed5fb40e8faa26f,
title = "In vitro and in vivo insulinotropic properties of the multifunctional frog skin peptide hymenochirin-1B: a structure-activity study.",
abstract = "Hymenochirin-1b (Hym-1B; IKLSPETKDNLKKVLKGAIKGAIAVAKMV.NH2) is a cationic, α-helical amphibian host-defense peptide with antimicrobial, anticancer, and immunomodulatory properties. This study investigates the abilities of the peptide and nine analogues containing substitutions of Pro(5), Glu(6), and Asp(9) by either L-lysine or D-lysine to stimulate insulin release in vitro using BRIN-BD11 clonal β cells or isolated mouse islets and in vivo using mice fed a high-fat diet to produce obesity and insulin resistance. Hym-1B produced a significant and concentration-dependent increase in the rate of insulin release from BRIN-BD11 cells without cytotoxicity at concentrations up to 1 µM with a threshold concentration of 1 nM. The threshold concentrations for the analogues were: [P5K], [E6K], [D9K], [P5K, E6K] and [E6K, D9k] 0.003 nM, [E6K, D9K] and [D9k] 0.01 nM, [P5K, D9K] 0.1 nM and [E6k] 0.3 nM. All peptides displayed cytotoxicity at concentrations ≥1 µM except the [P5K] and [D9k] analogues which were non-toxic at 3 µM. The potency and maximum rate of insulin release from mouse islets produced by the [P5K] peptide were significantly greater than produced by Hym-1B. Neither Hym-1B nor the [P5K] analogue at 1 µM concentration had an effect on membrane depolarization or intracellular Ca(2+). The [P5K] analogue (1 µM) produced a significant increase in cAMP concentration in BRIN-BD11 cells and stimulated GLP-1 secretion from GLUTag cells. Down-regulation of the protein kinase A pathway by overnight incubation with forskolin completely abolished the insulin-releasing effects of [P5K]hym-1B. Intraperitoneal administration of the [P5K] and [D9k] analogues (75 nmol/kg body weight) to high-fat-fed mice with insulin resistance significantly enhanced glucose tolerance with a concomitant increase in insulin secretion. We conclude that [P5K]hym-1B and [D9k]hym-1B show potential for development into anti-diabetic agents.",
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In vitro and in vivo insulinotropic properties of the multifunctional frog skin peptide hymenochirin-1B: a structure-activity study. / Owolabi, BO; Ojo, OO; Srinivasan, DK; Flatt, Peter; Conlon, JM; Abdel-Wahab, Yasser.

In: Amino Acids, Vol. 48, No. 2, 01.02.2016, p. 535-547.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - In vitro and in vivo insulinotropic properties of the multifunctional frog skin peptide hymenochirin-1B: a structure-activity study.

AU - Owolabi, BO

AU - Ojo, OO

AU - Srinivasan, DK

AU - Flatt, Peter

AU - Conlon, JM

AU - Abdel-Wahab, Yasser

PY - 2016/2/1

Y1 - 2016/2/1

N2 - Hymenochirin-1b (Hym-1B; IKLSPETKDNLKKVLKGAIKGAIAVAKMV.NH2) is a cationic, α-helical amphibian host-defense peptide with antimicrobial, anticancer, and immunomodulatory properties. This study investigates the abilities of the peptide and nine analogues containing substitutions of Pro(5), Glu(6), and Asp(9) by either L-lysine or D-lysine to stimulate insulin release in vitro using BRIN-BD11 clonal β cells or isolated mouse islets and in vivo using mice fed a high-fat diet to produce obesity and insulin resistance. Hym-1B produced a significant and concentration-dependent increase in the rate of insulin release from BRIN-BD11 cells without cytotoxicity at concentrations up to 1 µM with a threshold concentration of 1 nM. The threshold concentrations for the analogues were: [P5K], [E6K], [D9K], [P5K, E6K] and [E6K, D9k] 0.003 nM, [E6K, D9K] and [D9k] 0.01 nM, [P5K, D9K] 0.1 nM and [E6k] 0.3 nM. All peptides displayed cytotoxicity at concentrations ≥1 µM except the [P5K] and [D9k] analogues which were non-toxic at 3 µM. The potency and maximum rate of insulin release from mouse islets produced by the [P5K] peptide were significantly greater than produced by Hym-1B. Neither Hym-1B nor the [P5K] analogue at 1 µM concentration had an effect on membrane depolarization or intracellular Ca(2+). The [P5K] analogue (1 µM) produced a significant increase in cAMP concentration in BRIN-BD11 cells and stimulated GLP-1 secretion from GLUTag cells. Down-regulation of the protein kinase A pathway by overnight incubation with forskolin completely abolished the insulin-releasing effects of [P5K]hym-1B. Intraperitoneal administration of the [P5K] and [D9k] analogues (75 nmol/kg body weight) to high-fat-fed mice with insulin resistance significantly enhanced glucose tolerance with a concomitant increase in insulin secretion. We conclude that [P5K]hym-1B and [D9k]hym-1B show potential for development into anti-diabetic agents.

AB - Hymenochirin-1b (Hym-1B; IKLSPETKDNLKKVLKGAIKGAIAVAKMV.NH2) is a cationic, α-helical amphibian host-defense peptide with antimicrobial, anticancer, and immunomodulatory properties. This study investigates the abilities of the peptide and nine analogues containing substitutions of Pro(5), Glu(6), and Asp(9) by either L-lysine or D-lysine to stimulate insulin release in vitro using BRIN-BD11 clonal β cells or isolated mouse islets and in vivo using mice fed a high-fat diet to produce obesity and insulin resistance. Hym-1B produced a significant and concentration-dependent increase in the rate of insulin release from BRIN-BD11 cells without cytotoxicity at concentrations up to 1 µM with a threshold concentration of 1 nM. The threshold concentrations for the analogues were: [P5K], [E6K], [D9K], [P5K, E6K] and [E6K, D9k] 0.003 nM, [E6K, D9K] and [D9k] 0.01 nM, [P5K, D9K] 0.1 nM and [E6k] 0.3 nM. All peptides displayed cytotoxicity at concentrations ≥1 µM except the [P5K] and [D9k] analogues which were non-toxic at 3 µM. The potency and maximum rate of insulin release from mouse islets produced by the [P5K] peptide were significantly greater than produced by Hym-1B. Neither Hym-1B nor the [P5K] analogue at 1 µM concentration had an effect on membrane depolarization or intracellular Ca(2+). The [P5K] analogue (1 µM) produced a significant increase in cAMP concentration in BRIN-BD11 cells and stimulated GLP-1 secretion from GLUTag cells. Down-regulation of the protein kinase A pathway by overnight incubation with forskolin completely abolished the insulin-releasing effects of [P5K]hym-1B. Intraperitoneal administration of the [P5K] and [D9k] analogues (75 nmol/kg body weight) to high-fat-fed mice with insulin resistance significantly enhanced glucose tolerance with a concomitant increase in insulin secretion. We conclude that [P5K]hym-1B and [D9k]hym-1B show potential for development into anti-diabetic agents.

KW - Hymenochirin-1b – Type 2 diabetes – Amphibian skin peptide – Insulin release

U2 - 10.1007/s00726-015-2107-x

DO - 10.1007/s00726-015-2107-x

M3 - Article

VL - 48

SP - 535

EP - 547

JO - Amino Acids

T2 - Amino Acids

JF - Amino Acids

SN - 0939-4451

IS - 2

ER -