Improving probability selection based weights for satisfiability problems

Huimin Fu, J. Liu, Guanfeng Wu, Yang Xu, Geoff Sutcliffe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Boolean Satisfiability problem (SAT) plays a prominent role in many domains of computer science and artificial
intelligence due to its significant importance in both theory and applications. Algorithms for solving SAT problems
can be categorized into two main classes: complete algorithms and incomplete algorithms (typically stochastic local
search (SLS) algorithms). SLS algorithms are among the most effective for solving uniform random SAT problems,
while hybrid algorithms achieved great breakthroughs for solving hard random SAT (HRS) problem recently.
However, there is a lack of algorithms that can effectively solve both uniform random SAT and HRS problems. In
this paper, a new SLS algorithm named SelectNTS is proposed aiming at solving both uniform random SAT and HRS
problem effectively. SelectNTS is essentially an improved probability selection based local search algorithm, the core
of which includes new clause and variable selection heuristics: a new clause weighting scheme and a biased random
walk strategy are utilized to select a clause, while a new probability selection strategy with the variation of
configuration checking strategy is used to select a variable. Extensive experimental results show that SelectNTS
outperforms the state-of-the-art random SAT algorithms and hybrid algorithms in solving both uniform random SAT
and HRS problems effectively.
Original languageEnglish
Article number108572
JournalKnowledge-Based Systems
Early online date17 Mar 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17 Mar 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding information:
This work is partially supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No: 62106206), and Sichuan Science and Technology Program (Grant No. 2020YJ0270), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant No. 2682017ZT12, 2682016CX119, 2682019ZT16, 2682020CX59).

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