Impact of operating conditions on the removal of endocrine disrupting chemicals by membrane photocatalytic reactor

Raquel López Fernández, Heather Coleman, Pierre Le-Clech

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study focuses on the performance of a submerged membrane photocatalytic reactor for the removal of 17β-oestradiol (E2) in the presence of humic acid (HA). In addition to the impact of operating parameters, such as membrane pore size, ultraviolet (UV) intensity and hydraulic retention time (HRT), the influence of long-term operation was also assessed by advanced characterization of the fouling layer formed on the membrane. The tighter (0.04 μm) hollow fibre polyvinylydene fluoride (PVDF) membrane was found to exhibit not only higher HA removal than the (0.2 μm) module (85% and 75%, respectively), but also greater transmembrane pressure (TMP) values and higher irreversible fouling. Long-term operation conditions have been simulated by conducting an ageing catalyst process and demonstrated a decrease in performance obtained with time. The artificially aged TiO2 resulted in higher TMP values and lower HA removals (about 10–20% decrease) compared with the non-aged catalyst. For E2 removal in the presence of HA, the passive adsorption of the oestrogen onto the organic matter was found to be significant (40% of the E2 adsorbed after 1 h), demonstrating the importance of the nature of the water matrix for this type of treatment process. An increase in the UV light intensity was observed to favour the E2 elimination, leading to more than 90% removal when using 64 W combined with PVDF membrane and an HRT of 3 h.
LanguageEnglish
Pages2068-2074
JournalEnvironmental Technology
Volume35
Issue number16
Early online date14 Mar 2014
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 14 Mar 2014

Fingerprint

Endocrine Disruptors
Humic Substances
humic acid
membrane
Membranes
Fouling
Fluorides
fouling
fluoride
catalyst
Hydraulics
hydraulics
Catalysts
light intensity
Biological materials
Pore size
Estradiol
Estrogens
Aging of materials
chemical

Keywords

  • humic acid
  • 17β-oestradiol
  • membrane photocatalytic reactor
  • membrane fouling
  • ageing

Cite this

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title = "Impact of operating conditions on the removal of endocrine disrupting chemicals by membrane photocatalytic reactor",
abstract = "This study focuses on the performance of a submerged membrane photocatalytic reactor for the removal of 17β-oestradiol (E2) in the presence of humic acid (HA). In addition to the impact of operating parameters, such as membrane pore size, ultraviolet (UV) intensity and hydraulic retention time (HRT), the influence of long-term operation was also assessed by advanced characterization of the fouling layer formed on the membrane. The tighter (0.04 μm) hollow fibre polyvinylydene fluoride (PVDF) membrane was found to exhibit not only higher HA removal than the (0.2 μm) module (85{\%} and 75{\%}, respectively), but also greater transmembrane pressure (TMP) values and higher irreversible fouling. Long-term operation conditions have been simulated by conducting an ageing catalyst process and demonstrated a decrease in performance obtained with time. The artificially aged TiO2 resulted in higher TMP values and lower HA removals (about 10–20{\%} decrease) compared with the non-aged catalyst. For E2 removal in the presence of HA, the passive adsorption of the oestrogen onto the organic matter was found to be significant (40{\%} of the E2 adsorbed after 1 h), demonstrating the importance of the nature of the water matrix for this type of treatment process. An increase in the UV light intensity was observed to favour the E2 elimination, leading to more than 90{\%} removal when using 64 W combined with PVDF membrane and an HRT of 3 h.",
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Impact of operating conditions on the removal of endocrine disrupting chemicals by membrane photocatalytic reactor. / López Fernández, Raquel; Coleman, Heather; Le-Clech, Pierre.

In: Environmental Technology, Vol. 35, No. 16, 14.03.2014, p. 2068-2074.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

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AU - Coleman, Heather

AU - Le-Clech, Pierre

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AB - This study focuses on the performance of a submerged membrane photocatalytic reactor for the removal of 17β-oestradiol (E2) in the presence of humic acid (HA). In addition to the impact of operating parameters, such as membrane pore size, ultraviolet (UV) intensity and hydraulic retention time (HRT), the influence of long-term operation was also assessed by advanced characterization of the fouling layer formed on the membrane. The tighter (0.04 μm) hollow fibre polyvinylydene fluoride (PVDF) membrane was found to exhibit not only higher HA removal than the (0.2 μm) module (85% and 75%, respectively), but also greater transmembrane pressure (TMP) values and higher irreversible fouling. Long-term operation conditions have been simulated by conducting an ageing catalyst process and demonstrated a decrease in performance obtained with time. The artificially aged TiO2 resulted in higher TMP values and lower HA removals (about 10–20% decrease) compared with the non-aged catalyst. For E2 removal in the presence of HA, the passive adsorption of the oestrogen onto the organic matter was found to be significant (40% of the E2 adsorbed after 1 h), demonstrating the importance of the nature of the water matrix for this type of treatment process. An increase in the UV light intensity was observed to favour the E2 elimination, leading to more than 90% removal when using 64 W combined with PVDF membrane and an HRT of 3 h.

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