The aim of the study was to determine the in vitro immunomodulatory, cytotoxic, and insulin-releasing activities of seven phylloseptin-TR peptides and plasticin-TR, first isolated from the frog Phyllomedusa trinitatis. The most cationic peptides, phylloseptin-1.1TR and phylloseptin-3.1TR, showed greatest cytotoxic potency against A549, MDA-MB231, and HT-29 human tumor-derived cells and against mouse erythrocytes. Phylloseptin-4TR was the most hydrophobic and the most effective peptide at inhibiting production of the proinflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IL-1β by mouse peritoneal cells but was without effect on production of the antiinflammatory cytokine IL-10. Phylloseptin-2.1TR and phylloseptin-3.3TR were the most effective at stimulating the production of IL-10. The noncytotoxic peptide, plasticin-TR, inhibited production of TNF-α and IL-1β but was without effect on IL-10 production. The results of CD spectroscopy suggest that the different properties of plasticin-TR compared with the immunostimulatory activities of the previously characterized plasticin-L1 from Leptodactylus laticeps may arise from greater ability of plasticin-TR to oligomerize and adopt a stable helical conformation in a membrane-mimetic environment. All peptides stimulated release of insulin from BRIN-BD11 rat clonal β cells with phylloseptin-3.2TR being the most potent and effective and phylloseptin-2.1TR the least effective suggesting that insulinotropic potency correlates inversely with helicity. The study has provided insight into structure-activity relationships among the phylloseptins. The combination of immunomodulatory and insulinotropic activities together with low cytotoxicity suggests that phylloseptin-3.3TR and plasticin-TR may represent templates for the development of agents for use in antiinflammatory and type 2 diabetes therapies.
- amphibian skin peptide
- insulin release
- type 2 diabetes
Pantic, J., Guilhaudis, L., Musale, V., Attoub, S., Lukic, M. L., Mechkarska, M., & Conlon, JM. (2019). Immunomodulatory, insulinotropic, and cytotoxic activities of phylloseptins and plasticin-TR from the Trinidanian leaf frog Phyllomedusa trinitatis. Journal of Peptide Science, e3153(4), 1-10. [e3153]. https://doi.org/10.1002/psc.3153