Immobilisation of TiO2 powder for the treatment of polluted water

JA Byrne, BR Eggins, NMD Brown, B McKinney, M Rouse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

381 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

TiO2 powder was immobilised on solid support substrates (stainless steel, titanium alloy, titanium metal, and tin oxide coated glass) using electrophoretic coating and spray coating. Electrochemical anodisation of titanium metal was also carried out to give a thin film of TiO2 on the surface. The coated substrates were annealed in air at elevated temperatures to improve the adhesion of the catalyst to the supporting substrates. The photocatalytic efficiency of the TiO2 coatings was compared using the degradation of phenol in aqueous solution as a standard test system. In the case of the powder derived films, the photocatalytic efficiency was found not to be markedly dependent upon either the substrate used or the annealing temperature employed in the coating process. Surface analysis of the immobilised TiO2 showed no significant differences in the elemental composition or in band gap energies. The electrophoretic coating method was found to be the most reproducible resulting in highly fractured thick films with high photocatalytic activity. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.
LanguageEnglish
Pages25-36
JournalAPPLIED CATALYSIS B-ENVIRONMENTAL
Volume17
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1998

Fingerprint

Powders
Electrophoretic coatings
Water
Substrates
Titanium
Coatings
Metals
Stainless Steel
Surface analysis
Phenol
Titanium alloys
Thick films
Energy gap
Adhesion
Annealing
Degradation
Glass
Thin films
Temperature
Catalysts

Keywords

  • titanium dioxide
  • immobilisation
  • photocatalysis
  • water treatment

Cite this

Byrne, JA., Eggins, BR., Brown, NMD., McKinney, B., & Rouse, M. (1998). Immobilisation of TiO2 powder for the treatment of polluted water. APPLIED CATALYSIS B-ENVIRONMENTAL, 17(1-2), 25-36.
Byrne, JA ; Eggins, BR ; Brown, NMD ; McKinney, B ; Rouse, M. / Immobilisation of TiO2 powder for the treatment of polluted water. In: APPLIED CATALYSIS B-ENVIRONMENTAL. 1998 ; Vol. 17, No. 1-2. pp. 25-36.
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Byrne, JA, Eggins, BR, Brown, NMD, McKinney, B & Rouse, M 1998, 'Immobilisation of TiO2 powder for the treatment of polluted water', APPLIED CATALYSIS B-ENVIRONMENTAL, vol. 17, no. 1-2, pp. 25-36.

Immobilisation of TiO2 powder for the treatment of polluted water. / Byrne, JA; Eggins, BR; Brown, NMD; McKinney, B; Rouse, M.

In: APPLIED CATALYSIS B-ENVIRONMENTAL, Vol. 17, No. 1-2, 06.1998, p. 25-36.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Immobilisation of TiO2 powder for the treatment of polluted water

AU - Byrne, JA

AU - Eggins, BR

AU - Brown, NMD

AU - McKinney, B

AU - Rouse, M

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N2 - TiO2 powder was immobilised on solid support substrates (stainless steel, titanium alloy, titanium metal, and tin oxide coated glass) using electrophoretic coating and spray coating. Electrochemical anodisation of titanium metal was also carried out to give a thin film of TiO2 on the surface. The coated substrates were annealed in air at elevated temperatures to improve the adhesion of the catalyst to the supporting substrates. The photocatalytic efficiency of the TiO2 coatings was compared using the degradation of phenol in aqueous solution as a standard test system. In the case of the powder derived films, the photocatalytic efficiency was found not to be markedly dependent upon either the substrate used or the annealing temperature employed in the coating process. Surface analysis of the immobilised TiO2 showed no significant differences in the elemental composition or in band gap energies. The electrophoretic coating method was found to be the most reproducible resulting in highly fractured thick films with high photocatalytic activity. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.

AB - TiO2 powder was immobilised on solid support substrates (stainless steel, titanium alloy, titanium metal, and tin oxide coated glass) using electrophoretic coating and spray coating. Electrochemical anodisation of titanium metal was also carried out to give a thin film of TiO2 on the surface. The coated substrates were annealed in air at elevated temperatures to improve the adhesion of the catalyst to the supporting substrates. The photocatalytic efficiency of the TiO2 coatings was compared using the degradation of phenol in aqueous solution as a standard test system. In the case of the powder derived films, the photocatalytic efficiency was found not to be markedly dependent upon either the substrate used or the annealing temperature employed in the coating process. Surface analysis of the immobilised TiO2 showed no significant differences in the elemental composition or in band gap energies. The electrophoretic coating method was found to be the most reproducible resulting in highly fractured thick films with high photocatalytic activity. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.

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KW - photocatalysis

KW - water treatment

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Byrne JA, Eggins BR, Brown NMD, McKinney B, Rouse M. Immobilisation of TiO2 powder for the treatment of polluted water. APPLIED CATALYSIS B-ENVIRONMENTAL. 1998 Jun;17(1-2):25-36.