Identifying Service-Related Predictors of Community Reintegration Difficulties in Northern Irish Military Veterans

Eric Spikol, Jana Ross, Emily McGlinchey, Cherie Armour

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Military-to-civilian community reintegration in Northern Irish (NI) veterans has not been previously examined. The existing reintegration studies indicate that post-military service life can be challenging for many veterans. The current exploratory study aimed to identify service-related predictors of community reintegration difficulties in a sample of 749 NI veterans. Data were collected through a cross-sectional self-report survey of UK Armed Forces veterans residing in NI. Service-related variables were examined as predictors of overall and subdomain-specific reintegration difficulties. Combat exposure, time spent deployed in NI, length of service, being medically discharged, and being physically injured during service were significant predictors of reintegration difficulties. Receiving a mental health diagnosis since discharge and having been medically discharged were the two strongest predictors. Further results and implications are also discussed. Post-service adjustment to civilian life is affected by service variables, with implications for military/post-military interventions aimed at mitigating difficult transition experiences.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-201
Number of pages25
JournalArmed Forces and Society
Issue number1
Early online date12 Aug 2022
Publication statusPublished online - 12 Aug 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright: © The Author(s) 2022.


  • community reintegration
  • mental health
  • military to civilian transition
  • Northern Ireland
  • UK Armed Forces


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