Identification and characterization of the cysteine and serine proteinases of the trematode, Haplometra cylindracea and determination of their haemoglobinase activity

S.J. Hawthorne, B. Walker

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The excreted/secreted proteinases of Haplometra cylindracea maintained in vitro, were found to hydrolyse the fluorogenic substrates, Z-ArgArg-NHMec and Z-PheArg-NHMec. This activity was shown to be typically that of cysteine proteinases, as turn-over of both substrates could be blocked by pre-incubation with peptidyl diazomethyl ketones. The biotinylated affinity reagent, biotin-Phe Ala-DMK, used in combination with Z-PheTyr(OBuT)-DMK, was employed for the labelling and characterization of these cysteine proteinase activities. Three cathepsin B-like species were detected, with molecular weights of 48, 22-23 and 14 kDa, together with a cathepsin L-like enzyme, with a molecular weight of 55 kDa. The proteinases were also found to have hydrolytic activity towards the substrate, Z-GlyGlyArg-NHMec, which could be blocked by pre-incubation with either of the serine proteinase-selective reagents, Z-Argp(OPh)2 or biotin-Lysp(OPh)2, showing the activity to be trypsin-like. Using the biotinylated affinity label to characterize the trypsin-like enzymes revealed two molecular species with molecular weights of 20 and 24 kDa.
LanguageEnglish
Pages595-601
Number of pages7
JournalParasitology
Volume108
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994

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Cysteine Proteases
Serine Proteases
Molecular weight
Trypsin
Peptide Hydrolases
Affinity Labels
Cathepsin L
Cathepsin B
Substrates
Enzymes
Biotin
Fluorescent Dyes
Labeling

Keywords

  • cysteine proteinases
  • haemoglobinase activity
  • Haplometra cylindracea
  • proteinases
  • serine proteinases
  • Trematoda

Cite this

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title = "Identification and characterization of the cysteine and serine proteinases of the trematode, Haplometra cylindracea and determination of their haemoglobinase activity",
abstract = "The excreted/secreted proteinases of Haplometra cylindracea maintained in vitro, were found to hydrolyse the fluorogenic substrates, Z-ArgArg-NHMec and Z-PheArg-NHMec. This activity was shown to be typically that of cysteine proteinases, as turn-over of both substrates could be blocked by pre-incubation with peptidyl diazomethyl ketones. The biotinylated affinity reagent, biotin-Phe Ala-DMK, used in combination with Z-PheTyr(OBuT)-DMK, was employed for the labelling and characterization of these cysteine proteinase activities. Three cathepsin B-like species were detected, with molecular weights of 48, 22-23 and 14 kDa, together with a cathepsin L-like enzyme, with a molecular weight of 55 kDa. The proteinases were also found to have hydrolytic activity towards the substrate, Z-GlyGlyArg-NHMec, which could be blocked by pre-incubation with either of the serine proteinase-selective reagents, Z-Argp(OPh)2 or biotin-Lysp(OPh)2, showing the activity to be trypsin-like. Using the biotinylated affinity label to characterize the trypsin-like enzymes revealed two molecular species with molecular weights of 20 and 24 kDa.",
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N2 - The excreted/secreted proteinases of Haplometra cylindracea maintained in vitro, were found to hydrolyse the fluorogenic substrates, Z-ArgArg-NHMec and Z-PheArg-NHMec. This activity was shown to be typically that of cysteine proteinases, as turn-over of both substrates could be blocked by pre-incubation with peptidyl diazomethyl ketones. The biotinylated affinity reagent, biotin-Phe Ala-DMK, used in combination with Z-PheTyr(OBuT)-DMK, was employed for the labelling and characterization of these cysteine proteinase activities. Three cathepsin B-like species were detected, with molecular weights of 48, 22-23 and 14 kDa, together with a cathepsin L-like enzyme, with a molecular weight of 55 kDa. The proteinases were also found to have hydrolytic activity towards the substrate, Z-GlyGlyArg-NHMec, which could be blocked by pre-incubation with either of the serine proteinase-selective reagents, Z-Argp(OPh)2 or biotin-Lysp(OPh)2, showing the activity to be trypsin-like. Using the biotinylated affinity label to characterize the trypsin-like enzymes revealed two molecular species with molecular weights of 20 and 24 kDa.

AB - The excreted/secreted proteinases of Haplometra cylindracea maintained in vitro, were found to hydrolyse the fluorogenic substrates, Z-ArgArg-NHMec and Z-PheArg-NHMec. This activity was shown to be typically that of cysteine proteinases, as turn-over of both substrates could be blocked by pre-incubation with peptidyl diazomethyl ketones. The biotinylated affinity reagent, biotin-Phe Ala-DMK, used in combination with Z-PheTyr(OBuT)-DMK, was employed for the labelling and characterization of these cysteine proteinase activities. Three cathepsin B-like species were detected, with molecular weights of 48, 22-23 and 14 kDa, together with a cathepsin L-like enzyme, with a molecular weight of 55 kDa. The proteinases were also found to have hydrolytic activity towards the substrate, Z-GlyGlyArg-NHMec, which could be blocked by pre-incubation with either of the serine proteinase-selective reagents, Z-Argp(OPh)2 or biotin-Lysp(OPh)2, showing the activity to be trypsin-like. Using the biotinylated affinity label to characterize the trypsin-like enzymes revealed two molecular species with molecular weights of 20 and 24 kDa.

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