Ice margin oscillations during deglaciation of the northern Irish Sea Basin.

Richard Chiverrell, Rachel Smedley, David Small, Colin Ballantyne, Matthew Burke, Louise Callard, Chris Clark, Geoff Duller, David Evans, Derek Fabel, K Van Landeghem, Stephen Livingstone, Colm O'Cofaigh, Geoff Thomas, David Roberts, M Saher, James Scourse, Peter Wilson

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We present a new chronology to constrain ice‐margin retreat in the northern Irish Sea Basin. Estimates on the timing of ice thinning derived from surface exposure ages for boulders from the summits of the Isle of Man and south‐west Cumbria suggest that ice thinning was commensurate with the rapid retreat that followed the short‐lived advance of the Irish Sea Ice Stream (ISIS) to maximum limits in the Celtic Sea. This ice retreat in the northern Irish Sea Basin was fastest at 20 ka in response to a wider calving margin, but slowed as ice stabilized and oscillated against the Isle of Man. We provide the first age constraints for the Scottish Readvance (19.2–18.2 ka) and demonstrate that it was a potentially regional event across the Isle of Man and Cumbrian lowlands not linked with Heinrich Event 1. After the Scottish Readvance, the ice front retreated northwards towards the Southern Uplands of Scotland at the same time as climate north of ∼45°N warmed in response to summer insolation. This sequence demonstrates the importance of internal dynamics in controlling ice retreat rates in the Irish Sea, but also that deglaciation of the northern Irish Sea Basin was a response to climate warming.
    LanguageEnglish
    Pages739-762
    Number of pages24
    JournalJournal of Quaternary Science
    Volume33
    Issue number7
    Early online date31 Jul 2018
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 9 Oct 2018

    Fingerprint

    ice margin
    deglaciation
    oscillation
    ice
    ice retreat
    basin
    thinning
    Heinrich event
    ice stream
    climate
    insolation
    chronology
    sea ice
    warming
    sea
    Oscillation
    summer
    Retreat

    Keywords

    • British–Irish Ice Shee
    • cosmogenic nuclide dating
    • Heinrich Event 1
    • Irish Sea Ice Stream
    • luminescence dating

    Cite this

    Chiverrell, R., Smedley, R., Small, D., Ballantyne, C., Burke, M., Callard, L., ... Wilson, P. (2018). Ice margin oscillations during deglaciation of the northern Irish Sea Basin. Journal of Quaternary Science, 33(7), 739-762. https://doi.org/10.1002/jqs.3057
    Chiverrell, Richard ; Smedley, Rachel ; Small, David ; Ballantyne, Colin ; Burke, Matthew ; Callard, Louise ; Clark, Chris ; Duller, Geoff ; Evans, David ; Fabel, Derek ; Van Landeghem, K ; Livingstone, Stephen ; O'Cofaigh, Colm ; Thomas, Geoff ; Roberts, David ; Saher, M ; Scourse, James ; Wilson, Peter. / Ice margin oscillations during deglaciation of the northern Irish Sea Basin. In: Journal of Quaternary Science. 2018 ; Vol. 33, No. 7. pp. 739-762.
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    abstract = "We present a new chronology to constrain ice‐margin retreat in the northern Irish Sea Basin. Estimates on the timing of ice thinning derived from surface exposure ages for boulders from the summits of the Isle of Man and south‐west Cumbria suggest that ice thinning was commensurate with the rapid retreat that followed the short‐lived advance of the Irish Sea Ice Stream (ISIS) to maximum limits in the Celtic Sea. This ice retreat in the northern Irish Sea Basin was fastest at 20 ka in response to a wider calving margin, but slowed as ice stabilized and oscillated against the Isle of Man. We provide the first age constraints for the Scottish Readvance (19.2–18.2 ka) and demonstrate that it was a potentially regional event across the Isle of Man and Cumbrian lowlands not linked with Heinrich Event 1. After the Scottish Readvance, the ice front retreated northwards towards the Southern Uplands of Scotland at the same time as climate north of ∼45°N warmed in response to summer insolation. This sequence demonstrates the importance of internal dynamics in controlling ice retreat rates in the Irish Sea, but also that deglaciation of the northern Irish Sea Basin was a response to climate warming.",
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    Chiverrell, R, Smedley, R, Small, D, Ballantyne, C, Burke, M, Callard, L, Clark, C, Duller, G, Evans, D, Fabel, D, Van Landeghem, K, Livingstone, S, O'Cofaigh, C, Thomas, G, Roberts, D, Saher, M, Scourse, J & Wilson, P 2018, 'Ice margin oscillations during deglaciation of the northern Irish Sea Basin.', Journal of Quaternary Science, vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 739-762. https://doi.org/10.1002/jqs.3057

    Ice margin oscillations during deglaciation of the northern Irish Sea Basin. / Chiverrell, Richard; Smedley, Rachel; Small, David; Ballantyne, Colin; Burke, Matthew; Callard, Louise; Clark, Chris; Duller, Geoff; Evans, David; Fabel, Derek ; Van Landeghem, K; Livingstone, Stephen ; O'Cofaigh, Colm; Thomas, Geoff; Roberts, David; Saher, M; Scourse, James; Wilson, Peter.

    In: Journal of Quaternary Science, Vol. 33, No. 7, 09.10.2018, p. 739-762.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AU - Chiverrell, Richard

    AU - Smedley, Rachel

    AU - Small, David

    AU - Ballantyne, Colin

    AU - Burke, Matthew

    AU - Callard, Louise

    AU - Clark, Chris

    AU - Duller, Geoff

    AU - Evans, David

    AU - Fabel, Derek

    AU - Van Landeghem, K

    AU - Livingstone, Stephen

    AU - O'Cofaigh, Colm

    AU - Thomas, Geoff

    AU - Roberts, David

    AU - Saher, M

    AU - Scourse, James

    AU - Wilson, Peter

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    KW - British–Irish Ice Shee

    KW - cosmogenic nuclide dating

    KW - Heinrich Event 1

    KW - Irish Sea Ice Stream

    KW - luminescence dating

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    Chiverrell R, Smedley R, Small D, Ballantyne C, Burke M, Callard L et al. Ice margin oscillations during deglaciation of the northern Irish Sea Basin. Journal of Quaternary Science. 2018 Oct 9;33(7):739-762. https://doi.org/10.1002/jqs.3057