“I must do this!”: A latent profile analysis approach to understanding the role of irrational beliefs and motivation regulation in mental and physical health

M. J. Turner, A. Miller, H. Youngs, N. Barber, N. E Brick, N. J. Chadha, C. Chandler, M. Coyle, F. F. Didymus, A. L. Evans, K. Jones, B. McCann, C. Meijen, C. J. L. Rossato

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Abstract

In the research concerning rational emotive behaviour therapy (REBT) in sport and exercise, irrational beliefs are proposed as a risk factor for health. Concurrent to this, researchers have also indicated that autonomous and controlled motivation, as proposed in organismic integration theory could, together with irrational beliefs, determine individual health. However, research is yet to align irrational beliefs and motivation, and explore how this alignment relates to mental health. The present two study paper identifies individual subgroups, drawn from data concerning irrational beliefs, motivation, and health (psychological distress, and physical health), in a sample of exercisers (study 1) and student athletes (study 2). We examined the latent profile structure of irrational beliefs and motivation, and how these latent profiles relate to psychological distress (studies 1 and 2), and physical health (study 2). Results indicate a two class profile whereby class 1 is characterised by high irrational beliefs, low self-determined motivation, and poor health outcomes. Class 2 is characterised by low irrational beliefs, high self-determined motivation, and better health outcomes. The findings are discussed in relation to the theoretical implications for REBT and organismic integration theory, and the practical implications for key stakeholders in the health of exercise participants and athletes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)934-949
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Volume40
Issue number8
Early online date27 Feb 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 27 Feb 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Funding Information:
The author(s) reported there is no funding associated with the work featured in this article.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Keywords

  • Physical Therapy
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • self-determination
  • person-centred
  • student-athlete
  • Irrational beliefs
  • physical activity
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Humans
  • Psychological Distress
  • Mental Health
  • Personal Autonomy
  • Motivation
  • Athletes/psychology

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