Hypothesis Competition beyond Mutual Exclusivity

Jonah N. Schupbach, David H. Glass

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Competition between scientific hypotheses is not always a matter of mutual exclusivity. Consistent hypotheses can compete to varying degrees either directly or indirectly via a body of evidence. We motivate and defend a particular account of hypothesis competition by showing how it captures these features. Computer simulations of Bayesian inference are used to highlight the limitations of adopting mutual exclusivity as a simplifying assumption to model scientific reasoning, particularly due to the exclusion of hypotheses that may be true. We end with a case study demonstrating the subtleties involved in hypothesis competition in scientific practice.
LanguageEnglish
Pages810-824
Number of pages15
JournalPhilosophy of Science
Volume84
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017

Fingerprint

Mutual Exclusivity
Scientific Reasoning
Computer Simulation
Exclusion
Scientific Practice
Bayesian Inference

Keywords

  • Competition
  • Bayesian inference
  • scientific reasoning
  • computer simulations

Cite this

Schupbach, Jonah N. ; Glass, David H. / Hypothesis Competition beyond Mutual Exclusivity. In: Philosophy of Science. 2017 ; Vol. 84, No. 5. pp. 810-824.
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Schupbach, JN & Glass, DH 2017, 'Hypothesis Competition beyond Mutual Exclusivity', Philosophy of Science, vol. 84, no. 5, pp. 810-824.

Hypothesis Competition beyond Mutual Exclusivity. / Schupbach, Jonah N.; Glass, David H.

In: Philosophy of Science, Vol. 84, No. 5, 12.2017, p. 810-824.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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