Hypothesis Competition beyond Mutual Exclusivity

Jonah N. Schupbach, David H. Glass

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)
17 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Competition between scientific hypotheses is not always a matter of mutual exclusivity. Consistent hypotheses can compete to varying degrees either directly or indirectly via a body of evidence. We motivate and defend a particular account of hypothesis competition by showing how it captures these features. Computer simulations of Bayesian inference are used to highlight the limitations of adopting mutual exclusivity as a simplifying assumption to model scientific reasoning, particularly due to the exclusion of hypotheses that may be true. We end with a case study demonstrating the subtleties involved in hypothesis competition in scientific practice.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)810-824
Number of pages15
JournalPhilosophy of Science
Volume84
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Competition
  • Bayesian inference
  • scientific reasoning
  • computer simulations

Cite this