The concept of a rights-based approach to development has evolved as part of the UN Programme for Reform that was launched in 1997, when the Secretary-General called on all entities of the UN system to mainstream human rights into their various activities and programmes1. Gradually a number of UN2, bilateral agencies3 and international NGOs4 have made a rights-based approach to development programming a priority and the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) has developed draft guidelines for the integration of human rights into poverty reduction strategies, including targets and strategies for education (OHCHR 2002). Essentially a human rights-based approach to programming draws attention to the legal commitments of 'duty bearers' to 'rights holders' (Theis 2004) and provides a stronger focus on accountability, and the participation and inclusion of poor, vulnerable and minority groups.
|Publication status||Published (in print/issue) - 2006|
Bibliographical noteReference text: Allport, Gordon. A. 1954. The Nature of Prejudice. Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley.
Arlow, Michael. 2004. Citizenship education in a divided society - The case of Northern Ireland. In: Tawil, Sophie; Harley, Alexandra, eds. Education, Conflict and Social Cohesion. Geneva: UNESCO International Bureau of Education.
Council for the Curriculum, Examinations and Assessment (CCEA). 2003. Proposals for curriculum and Assessment at Key Stage 3, Part 1: Background Rationale and Detail. Belfast: Council for the Curriculum, Examinations and Assessment.
Darby, John. 2003. Northern Ireland - The background to the Peace Process. (http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/events/peace/darby03.htm)
Education for All Global Monitoring Report. 2005. The Quality Imperative. Paris: UNESCO.
Fitzduff, Mari; O'Hagan, Liam. 2000. The Northern Ireland Troubles - INCORE background paper. (http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/othelem/incorepaper.htm) download 08/11/2005
Harvey, Colin. 2001. Building a Human Rights Culture in a Political Democracy - The role of the Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission. In: Harvey, Colin, ed. Human Rights, Equality and Democratic Renewal in Northern Ireland. Oxford: Hart.
Livingstone, Stephen. 1999. The Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission. In: Fordham International Law Journal, 22 (4), 1465-1498.
Montgomery, Alison; Smith, Alan. 1997. Values in Education in Northern Ireland. Belfast: Northern Ireland Council for the Curriculum, Examinations and Assessment.
Niens, Ulrike; Reilly, Jackie; McLaughlin, R. (under review). The need for Human Rights Education in Northern Ireland - A pupil survey.
Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission (NIHRC). 2001. Making a Bill of Rights for Northern Ireland - A Consultation by the Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission. Belfast.
Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission (NIHRC). 2004. Bill of Rights in School - A Resource for Post-Primary Schools. Belfast.
OHCHR. 1996. Plan of Action for the United Nations Decade for Human Rights Education, 1995-2004: Human rights education - Lessons for life. UN Doc. A/51/506/Add.1. Geneva: OHCR. (http://www.unhchr.ch/huridocda/huridoca.nsf/(Symbol)/A.51.506.Add.1.En?OpenDocument)
OHCHR. 2002. Draft Guidelines - A Human Rights Approach to Poverty Reduction Strategies. Geneva: OHCHR, 26-30.
Osborne, R. D. 1993. Research and policy - A Northern Ireland perspective. In: Environment and Planning - Government and Policy, Vol. 11 (4), 465-477.
Reardon, Betty A. 1997. Human Rights as Education for Peace. In: Andrepoulos, George J.; Claude, Richard Pierre, eds. Human Rights Education for the Twenty-First Century. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 21-34.
Reilly, Jackie; Niens, Ulrike; McLaughlin, R. 2005. Education for a Bill of Rights for Northern Ireland. In: Osler, Audrey, ed. Teachers, Human Rights and Diversity - Educating citizens in multicultural societies. Trentham: Trentham Publications.
Reilly, Jackie; Niens, Ulrike. 2004. The Bill of Rights in Schools Project - An evaluation report. Internal report.
Smith, A. 2001. Religious Segregation and the Emergence of Integrated Schools in Northern Ireland. In: Oxford Review of Education, 27 (4), 559-575.
Smith, A. 2003. Citizenship Education in Northern Ireland - Beyond national identity?. In: Cambridge Journal of Education, 33 (1), 15-31.
Standing Advisory Commission on Human Rights (SACHR). 1987. Report on Fair Employment - Religious and Political Discrimination and Equality of Opportunity in Northern Ireland. London: HMSO (CM 237).
Standing Advisory Commission on Human Rights (SACHR). 1990. Second Report - Religious and Political Discrimination and Equality of Opportunity in Northern Ireland. London: HMSO (CM 1107).
Theis, Joaquim. 2004. Promoting Rights-Based Approaches, Part 1: Rights-Based Programming - An Evolving Approach, Save The Children. Sweden.
Trew, K. 1986. Catholic-Protestant contact in Northern Ireland. In: Hewstone Miles; Brown, Rupert, eds. Contact and Conflict in Intergroup Encounters. Oxford: Basil Blackstaff.
UK Government White Paper. 2000. Eliminating World Poverty - Making Globalisation Work for the Poor. London. (http://www.dfid.gov.uk/pubs/files/whitepaper2000.pdf)
UNESCO. 1999. UNESCO Guidebook on Textbook Research and Textbook Revision. Paris: UNESCO.
UNICEF. 2004. The Human Rights Based Approach - Statement of Common Understanding, The State of the World's Children. New York: UNICEF.
- human rights education
- peace process
- Northern Ireland
- Northern Ireland conflict