Human Factor and Usability Testing of a Binocular Optical Coherence Tomography System

Reena Chopra, Padraig Mulholland, Adam M Dubis, Roger S Anderson, Pearse A Keane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
54 Downloads (Pure)


Purpose: To perform usability testing of a binocular optical coherence tomography (OCT) prototype to predict its function in a clinical setting, and to identify any potential user errors, especially in an elderly and visually impaired population.

Methods: Forty-five participants with chronic eye disease (mean age 62.7 years) and 15 healthy controls (mean age 53 years) underwent automated eye examination using the prototype. Examination included ‘whole-eye' OCT, ocular motility, visual acuity measurement, perimetry, and pupillometry. Interviews were conducted to assess the subjective appeal and ease of use for this cohort of first-time users.

Results: All participants completed the full suite of tests. Eighty-one percent of the chronic eye disease group, and 79% of healthy controls, found the prototype easier to use than common technologies, such as smartphones. Overall, 86% described the device to be appealing for use in a clinical setting. There was no statistically significant difference in the total time taken to complete the examination between participants with chronic eye disease (median 702 seconds) and healthy volunteers (median 637 seconds) (P = 0.81).

Conclusion: On their first use, elderly and visually impaired users completed the automated examination without assistance. Binocular OCT has the potential to perform a comprehensive eye examination in an automated manner, and thus improve the efficiency and quality of eye care.

Translational Relevance: A usable binocular OCT system has been developed that can be administered in an automated manner. We have identified areas that would benefit from further development to guide the translation of this technology into clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Article number16
Number of pages12
JournalTranslational Vision Science & Technology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 15 Aug 2017


  • binocular
  • optical coherence tomography
  • automated
  • diagnostics
  • usability
  • human factors


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