How information guides movement: Intercepting curved free kicks in soccer

Cathy Craig, J. Bastin, G. Montagne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


Previous studies have shown that balls subjected to spin induce large errors in perceptual judgements (Craig et al, 2006; Craig et al 2009) due to the additional accelerative force that causes the ball’s flight path to deviate from a standard parabolic trajectory. A recent review however, has suggested that the findings from such experiments may be imprecise due to the decoupling of perception and action and the reliance on the ventral system (Van der Kamp et al, 2008). The aim of this study was to present the same curved free kick trajectory simulations from the perception only studies (Craig et al, 2006; Craig et al, 2009) but this time allow participants to move to intercept the ball. By using immersive, interactive virtual reality technology participants were asked to control the movement of a virtual effector presented in a virtual soccer stadium so that it would make contact with a virtual soccer ball as it crossed the goal-line. As in the perception only studies the direction of spin had a significant effect on the participants’ responses (F(2,12)=222.340; p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)931-941
Number of pages11
JournalHuman Movement Science
Issue number5
Early online date16 Mar 2011
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 1 Oct 2011


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