How children with autism spectrum disorder behave and explore the 4-dimensional (spatial 3D + time) environment during a joint attention induction task with a robot

Salvatore Anzalone, Elodie Tilmont, Sofiane Boucenna, Jean Xavier, Anne-Lise Jouen, Nicolas Bodeau, Koushik Maharatna, Mohamed Chetouani, David Cohen, Silvio Bonfiglio, Fabio Apicella, Filippo Muratori, Antonio Narzisi, Federico Sicca, Lucia Billeci, Giovanni Pioggia, Federico Cruciani, Cristiano Paggetti, Angele Giuliano, Maryrose FrancisaSaptarshi Das, Wasifa Jamal, Leo Galway, Mark Donnelly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

76 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We aimed to compare, during a joint attention (JA) elicitation task, how children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and children with typical development (TD) behave and explore their 4 dimensional (meaning spatial 3D + time) when interacting with a human or with a robotic agent.We built a system that employed a Nao robot and a perception system based on a RGB-D sensor (Kinect) to capture social engagement cues. A JA induction experiment was performed in which children with ASD (N = 16) and matched TD children (N = 16) had a 3-min interaction with the robot or with a therapist. Nao induced JA by gazing; by gazing and pointing; and by gazing, pointing and vocalizing at pictures. Both groups of children performed well with the therapist. However, with Nao, both groups had lower JA scores, and the children with ASD had a significantly lower score than the TD children. We found that (i) multimodal JA induction was more efficient in both groups; (ii) the 3D spatial world gaze exploration showed less accuracy; and (iii) the trunk position in ASD showed less stability in the 4 dimensions compared to TD controls.We conclude that, in ASD, JA skill depends on the interaction partner, and implies a higher motor and cognitive cost.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)814-826
JournalResearch in Autism Spectrum Disorders
Volume8
Issue number7
Early online date4 May 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2014

Keywords

  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Development
  • Social engagement
  • Joint attention
  • Social robots

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'How children with autism spectrum disorder behave and explore the 4-dimensional (spatial 3D + time) environment during a joint attention induction task with a robot'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Profiles

    No photo of Cristiano Paggetti

    Cristiano Paggetti

    Person: Academic

    Cite this

    Anzalone, S., Tilmont, E., Boucenna, S., Xavier, J., Jouen, A-L., Bodeau, N., Maharatna, K., Chetouani, M., Cohen, D., Bonfiglio, S., Apicella, F., Muratori, F., Narzisi, A., Sicca, F., Billeci, L., Pioggia, G., Cruciani, F., Paggetti, C., Giuliano, A., ... Donnelly, M. (2014). How children with autism spectrum disorder behave and explore the 4-dimensional (spatial 3D + time) environment during a joint attention induction task with a robot. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 8(7), 814-826. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rasd.2014.03.002