During the last glacial maximum the British-Irish Ice Sheet (BIIS) covered the majority of Ireland and Britain. Recent studies have described the BIIS as largely marine-based and highly dynamic with several advances and retreats recorded on the continental shelf.
The focus of this study is the more recent sediment record from the Donegal Barra Fan (DBF), the largest sediment depocentre formed by the ice streaming of the western BIIS onto the North Atlantic continental margin.
In this project, well-preserved, glacially-derived, deep-water sediments from 3 cores, up to 6.7 m long and retrieved from the DBF, are used to investigate and chronologically constrain the pattern of deglaciation of the BIIS. Deep-water sediments can record continuous sedimentation through time, avoiding hiatuses and erosional surfaces characteristic of a glacial environment and allow a detailed reconstruction of deglacial processes.
Five lithofacies have been identified using sedimentology, x-rays, physical properties and grain size analysis. They include bioturbated foraminifera-bearing muds, interpreted as hemipelagic and contouritic deposits from interglacial periods. Chaotic and laminated muds, ice-rafted debris (IRD)-rich layers and laminated mud to sand couplets are characteristic of the glacial period including ice-sheet maximum extent and the beginning of retreat. These represent downslope mass movements, plumites from meltwater alongside melting icebergs and turbidites. Radiocarbon dates from foraminifera suggest that the deglacial sedimentary sequence is up to 5m thick. The IRD concentration and abundance of the foraminifera Neogloboquadrina pachyderma sinistral indicate a minimum of 3 different calving events during deglaciation and a marked Younger Dryas cooling and ice calving period. Additionally the δ 18O record will be used to investigate the record of climatic changes in the region and x-ray fluorescence will be used to assess sediment provenance during deglaciation.
|Number of pages||1|
|Publication status||Published - 16 Dec 2016|
|Event||American Geophysical Union: Fall Meeting - Moscone Center, San Francisco, United States|
Duration: 12 Dec 2016 → 16 Dec 2016
|Conference||American Geophysical Union|
|Abbreviated title||AGU Fall Meeting|
|Period||12/12/16 → 16/12/16|
- British Irish Ice Sheet
- Donegal-Barra Fan