High levels of risk factors and poor secondary prevention for coronary heart disease patients in public hospitals: A descriptive repeated measures study.

ahmed al-smadi, Ala Ashour, Donna Fitzsimons, Paul F Slater, B O'Neill, Wisal Ajlouni, Abedalmejeed Shajrawi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Secondary prevention is a priority after coronary revascularization for effective long-term cardiovascular care. Coronary Heart Disease is a major health problem in Jordan, but little is known about the current provision of secondary prevention. 

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate risk factors and explore the current provision of secondary Coronary Heart Disease prevention among patients presenting with first-time Coronary Heart Disease at two time points: during hospitalization (Time 1) and 6 months later (Time 2), in multicentre settings in Jordan. 

Methods: A descriptive, repeated measures research study design was applied to a consecutive sample of 180 patients with first-time Coronary Heart Disease. Demographic and clinical details were recorded from medical files. Self-administered questionnaires developed by the researchers were used to measure secondary prevention information related to Coronary Heart Disease, including secondary prevention services, lifestyle advice received and medical advice topics. A short form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire was used to measure physical activity. Participants were assessed at Times 1 and 2. 

Results: Unstructured lifestyle advice given to the patients at Times 1 and 2 most frequently related to medications, smoking, diet and blood lipids control advice topics, with no statistically significant improvement in cardiovascular risk factors among patients between Times 1 and 2. 

Conclusion: Despite an extremely high prevalence of risk factors in this population, the provision of secondary prevention is poor in Jordan, which requires urgent improvement, and the contribution of nurses' to secondary prevention should be enhanced.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e13111
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Nursing Practice
Early online date3 Nov 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished online - 3 Nov 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding information
This research did not receive any kind of financial funding

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

Keywords

  • coronary heart disease
  • coronary revascularization
  • Jordan
  • nursing
  • Secondary prevention

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