High degree of N-functionalization in macroscopically assembled carbon nanotubes

Ruairi J. McGlynn, Paul Brunet, Supriya Chakrabarti, Adam Boies, Paul Maguire, Davide Mariotti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
51 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Nitrogen doping of carbon nanomaterials has emerged as a method to develop novel material properties, though limitations in the form of extended treatment times, harsh chemical usage and limited total nitrogen content exist. Here, macroscopic ribbon-like assemblies of carbon nanotubes are functionalized with nitrogen using a simple direct current-based plasma–liquid system. This system utilizes the plasma-generated species in an ethanol:water solution with ethylenediamine as a nitrogen precursor for the nitrogen functionalization of the carbon nanotube assembly. These unique, plasma-generated species and pathways enable rapid and high levels of functionalization with the atomic concentration of nitrogen reaching 22.5%, with amine groups, pyrrolic groups and graphitic nitrogen observed in the X-ray photoelectron spectra, the highest ever achieved. This nitrogen content is demonstrated to be significantly higher than a comparative electrolysis process. This demonstrates that this plasma process enhances the availability of nitrogen from the ethylenediamine precursor, facilitating greater functionalization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13314-13325
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Volume57
Issue number28
Early online date15 Jul 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 31 Jul 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to acknowledge the EPRSC for supporting this work through EP/M015211/1 and EP/R008841/1.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s).

Keywords

  • Chemical Routes to Materials
  • Chemical routes to materials

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