Help-seeking intentions for early dementia diagnosis in a sample of Irish adults

Susan Devoy, Ellen EA Simpson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To identify factors that may increase intentions to seek help for an early dementia diagnosis. Early dementia diagnosis in Ireland is low, reducing the opportunity for intervention, which can delay progression, reduce psychological distress and increase social supports.
Method: Using the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), and a mixed methods approach, 3 focus groups were conducted (N=22) to illicit attitudes and beliefs about help seeking for an early dementia diagnosis. The findings informed the development of The Help Seeking Intentions for Early Dementia Diagnosis (HSIEDD) questionnaire which was piloted and then administered to a sample of community dwelling adults from Dublin and Kildare (N = 95).
Results: Content analysis revealed participants held knowledge of the symptoms of dementia but not about available interventions. Facilitators of help seeking were family, friends and peers alongside well informed health professionals. Barriers to seeking help were a lack of knowledge, fear, loss, stigma and inaccessible services. The quantitative findings suggest the TPB constructs account for almost 28% of the variance in intentions to seek help for an early diagnosis of dementia, after controlling for sociodemographic variables and knowledge of dementia. In the final step of the regression analysis, the main predictors of help seeking were knowledge of dementia and subjective norm, accounting for 6% and 8% of the variance respectively.
Conclusion: Future interventions should aim to increase awareness of the support available to those experiencing early memory problems, and should highlight the supportive role that family, friends, peers and health professionals could provide.
LanguageEnglish
Pages870-878
JournalAging & Mental Health
Volume21
Issue number8
Early online date5 May 2016
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 5 May 2016

Fingerprint

Dementia
Early Diagnosis
Independent Living
Health
Focus Groups
Ireland
Social Support
Fear
Regression Analysis
Psychology

Keywords

  • Dementia
  • help-seeking intentions
  • attitudes
  • subjective norms
  • perceived behavioural control
  • early dementia diagnosis

Cite this

@article{d6a546b71e60490fa08cb3781b8e2016,
title = "Help-seeking intentions for early dementia diagnosis in a sample of Irish adults",
abstract = "Objectives: To identify factors that may increase intentions to seek help for an early dementia diagnosis. Early dementia diagnosis in Ireland is low, reducing the opportunity for intervention, which can delay progression, reduce psychological distress and increase social supports. Method: Using the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), and a mixed methods approach, 3 focus groups were conducted (N=22) to illicit attitudes and beliefs about help seeking for an early dementia diagnosis. The findings informed the development of The Help Seeking Intentions for Early Dementia Diagnosis (HSIEDD) questionnaire which was piloted and then administered to a sample of community dwelling adults from Dublin and Kildare (N = 95). Results: Content analysis revealed participants held knowledge of the symptoms of dementia but not about available interventions. Facilitators of help seeking were family, friends and peers alongside well informed health professionals. Barriers to seeking help were a lack of knowledge, fear, loss, stigma and inaccessible services. The quantitative findings suggest the TPB constructs account for almost 28{\%} of the variance in intentions to seek help for an early diagnosis of dementia, after controlling for sociodemographic variables and knowledge of dementia. In the final step of the regression analysis, the main predictors of help seeking were knowledge of dementia and subjective norm, accounting for 6{\%} and 8{\%} of the variance respectively.Conclusion: Future interventions should aim to increase awareness of the support available to those experiencing early memory problems, and should highlight the supportive role that family, friends, peers and health professionals could provide.",
keywords = "Dementia , help-seeking intentions, attitudes, subjective norms , perceived behavioural control, early dementia diagnosis",
author = "Susan Devoy and Simpson, {Ellen EA}",
year = "2016",
month = "5",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1080/13607863.2016.1179262",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "870--878",
journal = "Aging and Mental Health",
issn = "1360-7863",
number = "8",

}

Help-seeking intentions for early dementia diagnosis in a sample of Irish adults. / Devoy, Susan; Simpson, Ellen EA.

In: Aging & Mental Health, Vol. 21, No. 8, 05.05.2016, p. 870-878.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Help-seeking intentions for early dementia diagnosis in a sample of Irish adults

AU - Devoy, Susan

AU - Simpson, Ellen EA

PY - 2016/5/5

Y1 - 2016/5/5

N2 - Objectives: To identify factors that may increase intentions to seek help for an early dementia diagnosis. Early dementia diagnosis in Ireland is low, reducing the opportunity for intervention, which can delay progression, reduce psychological distress and increase social supports. Method: Using the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), and a mixed methods approach, 3 focus groups were conducted (N=22) to illicit attitudes and beliefs about help seeking for an early dementia diagnosis. The findings informed the development of The Help Seeking Intentions for Early Dementia Diagnosis (HSIEDD) questionnaire which was piloted and then administered to a sample of community dwelling adults from Dublin and Kildare (N = 95). Results: Content analysis revealed participants held knowledge of the symptoms of dementia but not about available interventions. Facilitators of help seeking were family, friends and peers alongside well informed health professionals. Barriers to seeking help were a lack of knowledge, fear, loss, stigma and inaccessible services. The quantitative findings suggest the TPB constructs account for almost 28% of the variance in intentions to seek help for an early diagnosis of dementia, after controlling for sociodemographic variables and knowledge of dementia. In the final step of the regression analysis, the main predictors of help seeking were knowledge of dementia and subjective norm, accounting for 6% and 8% of the variance respectively.Conclusion: Future interventions should aim to increase awareness of the support available to those experiencing early memory problems, and should highlight the supportive role that family, friends, peers and health professionals could provide.

AB - Objectives: To identify factors that may increase intentions to seek help for an early dementia diagnosis. Early dementia diagnosis in Ireland is low, reducing the opportunity for intervention, which can delay progression, reduce psychological distress and increase social supports. Method: Using the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), and a mixed methods approach, 3 focus groups were conducted (N=22) to illicit attitudes and beliefs about help seeking for an early dementia diagnosis. The findings informed the development of The Help Seeking Intentions for Early Dementia Diagnosis (HSIEDD) questionnaire which was piloted and then administered to a sample of community dwelling adults from Dublin and Kildare (N = 95). Results: Content analysis revealed participants held knowledge of the symptoms of dementia but not about available interventions. Facilitators of help seeking were family, friends and peers alongside well informed health professionals. Barriers to seeking help were a lack of knowledge, fear, loss, stigma and inaccessible services. The quantitative findings suggest the TPB constructs account for almost 28% of the variance in intentions to seek help for an early diagnosis of dementia, after controlling for sociodemographic variables and knowledge of dementia. In the final step of the regression analysis, the main predictors of help seeking were knowledge of dementia and subjective norm, accounting for 6% and 8% of the variance respectively.Conclusion: Future interventions should aim to increase awareness of the support available to those experiencing early memory problems, and should highlight the supportive role that family, friends, peers and health professionals could provide.

KW - Dementia

KW - help-seeking intentions

KW - attitudes

KW - subjective norms

KW - perceived behavioural control

KW - early dementia diagnosis

U2 - 10.1080/13607863.2016.1179262

DO - 10.1080/13607863.2016.1179262

M3 - Article

VL - 21

SP - 870

EP - 878

JO - Aging and Mental Health

T2 - Aging and Mental Health

JF - Aging and Mental Health

SN - 1360-7863

IS - 8

ER -