Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback to Reduce Anxiety in Autism Spectrum Disorder -a mini review

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Abstract

There is a reported high prevalence of anxiety in people with autism spectrum disorder. This mini review appraises existing research investigating heart rate variability biofeedback to help manage symptoms of anxiety in people with autism spectrum disorder. A thorough search of electronic databases was conducted to find relevant literature. Consultation with experts and a librarian helped develop search terms following the PICO framework. Five databases were searched, and screening was undertaken using Covidence software, with the process outlined in a PRISMA flowchart. The latest review showed positive short-term effects but there is a need for long-term follow-up. Future investigations should consider device type, training settings, and control interventions. Accurate heart rate variability assessment independent of biofeedback devices is crucial. Additional measures like cortisol assessment and user feedback are recommended for comprehensive evaluation. The findings highlight progress in the evidence base and offer insight to future directions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages10
JournalFrontiers in Psychiatry
Volume15
Early online date13 Jun 2024
DOIs
Publication statusPublished online - 13 Jun 2024

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2024 Coulter, Donnelly, Yakkundi, McAneney, Barr and Kernohan.

Keywords

  • Heart rate variability biofeedback
  • Anxiety
  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Digital Health, intervention

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