Health and Well-Being of First Responders: The role of Psychological Capital, Self-Compassion, Social Support, Relationship Satisfaction, and Physical Activity: Health and Well-Being of First Responders

T Cassidy, Alexandra Lowery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: First responders are frequently exposed to dangerous, high-stress, and traumatic situations, leaving them susceptible to both physical and mental health consequences. The current study explored factors that relate to both health and well-being in 391 first responders (255 males and 136 females), aged 18 to 64 years.
Aim: The study’s aim was to explore the role of psychological capital (PsyCap), self-compassion, social support, relationship satisfaction, and physical activity in the health and well-being of first responders.
Method: Data was collected using an online survey which was distributed to first responders, including firefighters, police officers, and emergency medical personnel, in the state of Massachusetts, USA.
Results: Descriptive and correlational statistics were performed, followed by hierarchical multiple regression analysis and path analysis, revealing that PsyCap, self-compassion, social support, relationship satisfaction, as well as physical activity are key mediating factors impacting the health and well-being of first responders.
Conclusions: Findings pose as a foundation and stepping-stone to improve first responders’ health and well-being. In particular, a multifaceted approach to intervention drawing on the combined variables identified in the path model is indicated.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages31
JournalJournal of Workplace Behavioural Health
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 4 Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Health; Wellbeing; Psychological capital; Self compassion; Social support; Relationship Quality; Physical Activity

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