Habitual fish consumption does not prevent a decrease in LCPUFA status in pregnant women (the Seychelles Child Development Nutrition Study)

M. P. Bonham, E. M. Duffy, Julie Wallace, P. J. Robson, G. J. Myers, P. W. Davidson, T. W. Clarkson, C. F. Shamlaye, JJ Strain

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Abstract

Information on the status of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) in pregnancy and breast milk in very high fish-eating populations is limited. The aim of this study was to examine dietary intake and changes in fatty acid status in a population of pregnant women in the Republic of Seychelles. Serum docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) decreased significantly between 28-week gestation and delivery (n = 196). DHA status did not correlate significantly with length of gestation and was not associated with self-reported fish intake, which was high at 527 g/week. In breast milk, the ratio of DHA to arachidonic acid (AA) was consistent with those observed in other high fish-eating populations. Overall the data suggest that high exposure to LCPUFAs from habitual fish consumption does not prevent the documented decrease in LCPUFA status in pregnancy that occurs as a result of foetal accretion in the third trimester of pregnancy. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
LanguageEnglish
Pages343-350
JournalProstaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids
Volume78
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2008

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Seychelles
Child Development
Unsaturated Fatty Acids
Docosahexaenoic Acids
Pregnant Women
Fishes
Pregnancy
Human Milk
Eating
Population
Third Pregnancy Trimester
Arachidonic Acid
Fatty Acids
Serum

Cite this

Bonham, M. P. ; Duffy, E. M. ; Wallace, Julie ; Robson, P. J. ; Myers, G. J. ; Davidson, P. W. ; Clarkson, T. W. ; Shamlaye, C. F. ; Strain, JJ. / Habitual fish consumption does not prevent a decrease in LCPUFA status in pregnant women (the Seychelles Child Development Nutrition Study). In: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids. 2008 ; Vol. 78, No. 6. pp. 343-350.
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Habitual fish consumption does not prevent a decrease in LCPUFA status in pregnant women (the Seychelles Child Development Nutrition Study). / Bonham, M. P.; Duffy, E. M.; Wallace, Julie; Robson, P. J.; Myers, G. J.; Davidson, P. W.; Clarkson, T. W.; Shamlaye, C. F.; Strain, JJ.

In: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, Vol. 78, No. 6, 06.2008, p. 343-350.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Duffy, E. M.

AU - Wallace, Julie

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AU - Myers, G. J.

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AU - Strain, JJ

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AB - Information on the status of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) in pregnancy and breast milk in very high fish-eating populations is limited. The aim of this study was to examine dietary intake and changes in fatty acid status in a population of pregnant women in the Republic of Seychelles. Serum docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) decreased significantly between 28-week gestation and delivery (n = 196). DHA status did not correlate significantly with length of gestation and was not associated with self-reported fish intake, which was high at 527 g/week. In breast milk, the ratio of DHA to arachidonic acid (AA) was consistent with those observed in other high fish-eating populations. Overall the data suggest that high exposure to LCPUFAs from habitual fish consumption does not prevent the documented decrease in LCPUFA status in pregnancy that occurs as a result of foetal accretion in the third trimester of pregnancy. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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