Gypsum plasterboards enhanced with phase change materials: a fire safety assessment using experimental and computational techniques

Dionysios Kolaitis, Eleni Asimakopoulou, Maria Founti

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Phase Change Materials (PCM) can be used for thermal energy storage, aiming to enhance building energy efficiency. Recently, gypsum plasterboards with incorporated paraffin-based PCM blends have become commercially available. In the high temperature environment developed during a fire, the paraffins, which exhibit relatively low boiling points, may evaporate and, escaping through the gypsum plasterboard’s porous structure, emerge to the fire region, where they may ignite, thus adversely affecting the fire resistance characteristics of the building. Aiming to assess the fire safety behaviour of such building materials, an extensive experimental and computational analysis is performed. The fire behaviour and the main thermo-physical physical properties of PCM-enhanced gypsum plasterboards are investigated, using a variety of standard tests and devices (Scanning Electron Microscopy, Thermo Gravimetric Analysis, Cone Calorimeter). The obtained results are used to develop a dedicated numerical model, which is implemented in a CFD code. CFD simulations are validated using measurements obtained in a cone calorimeter. In addition, the CFD code is used to simulate an ISO 9705 room exposed to fire conditions, demonstrating that PCM addition may indeed adversely affect the fire safety of a gypsum plasterboard clad building.

Seminar

SeminarInternational Seminar for Fire Safety of Facades
Abbreviated titleFSF
CountryFrance
CityParis
Period14/11/1315/11/13
Internet address

Fingerprint

Phase change materials
Gypsum
Fires
Computational fluid dynamics
Calorimeters
Paraffins
Cones
Fire resistance
Boiling point
Thermal energy
Energy storage
Energy efficiency
Thermogravimetric analysis
Numerical models
Physical properties
Scanning electron microscopy

Keywords

  • facade fire
  • CFD
  • Experimental technique
  • Phase Change Material (PCM)

Cite this

Kolaitis, Dionysios ; Asimakopoulou, Eleni ; Founti, Maria. / Gypsum plasterboards enhanced with phase change materials: a fire safety assessment using experimental and computational techniques. Paper presented at International Seminar for Fire Safety of Facades, Paris, France.10 p.
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title = "Gypsum plasterboards enhanced with phase change materials: a fire safety assessment using experimental and computational techniques",
abstract = "Phase Change Materials (PCM) can be used for thermal energy storage, aiming to enhance building energy efficiency. Recently, gypsum plasterboards with incorporated paraffin-based PCM blends have become commercially available. In the high temperature environment developed during a fire, the paraffins, which exhibit relatively low boiling points, may evaporate and, escaping through the gypsum plasterboard’s porous structure, emerge to the fire region, where they may ignite, thus adversely affecting the fire resistance characteristics of the building. Aiming to assess the fire safety behaviour of such building materials, an extensive experimental and computational analysis is performed. The fire behaviour and the main thermo-physical physical properties of PCM-enhanced gypsum plasterboards are investigated, using a variety of standard tests and devices (Scanning Electron Microscopy, Thermo Gravimetric Analysis, Cone Calorimeter). The obtained results are used to develop a dedicated numerical model, which is implemented in a CFD code. CFD simulations are validated using measurements obtained in a cone calorimeter. In addition, the CFD code is used to simulate an ISO 9705 room exposed to fire conditions, demonstrating that PCM addition may indeed adversely affect the fire safety of a gypsum plasterboard clad building.",
keywords = "facade fire, CFD, Experimental technique, Phase Change Material (PCM)",
author = "Dionysios Kolaitis and Eleni Asimakopoulou and Maria Founti",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1051/matecconf/20130906002",
language = "English",
note = "International Seminar for Fire Safety of Facades, FSF ; Conference date: 14-11-2013 Through 15-11-2013",
url = "https://facade2013.sciencesconf.org/conference/facade2013/pages/Programme_final_1.pdf",

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Kolaitis, D, Asimakopoulou, E & Founti, M 2013, 'Gypsum plasterboards enhanced with phase change materials: a fire safety assessment using experimental and computational techniques' Paper presented at International Seminar for Fire Safety of Facades, Paris, France, 14/11/13 - 15/11/13, . https://doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/20130906002

Gypsum plasterboards enhanced with phase change materials: a fire safety assessment using experimental and computational techniques. / Kolaitis, Dionysios; Asimakopoulou, Eleni; Founti, Maria.

2013. Paper presented at International Seminar for Fire Safety of Facades, Paris, France.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - Gypsum plasterboards enhanced with phase change materials: a fire safety assessment using experimental and computational techniques

AU - Kolaitis, Dionysios

AU - Asimakopoulou, Eleni

AU - Founti, Maria

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Phase Change Materials (PCM) can be used for thermal energy storage, aiming to enhance building energy efficiency. Recently, gypsum plasterboards with incorporated paraffin-based PCM blends have become commercially available. In the high temperature environment developed during a fire, the paraffins, which exhibit relatively low boiling points, may evaporate and, escaping through the gypsum plasterboard’s porous structure, emerge to the fire region, where they may ignite, thus adversely affecting the fire resistance characteristics of the building. Aiming to assess the fire safety behaviour of such building materials, an extensive experimental and computational analysis is performed. The fire behaviour and the main thermo-physical physical properties of PCM-enhanced gypsum plasterboards are investigated, using a variety of standard tests and devices (Scanning Electron Microscopy, Thermo Gravimetric Analysis, Cone Calorimeter). The obtained results are used to develop a dedicated numerical model, which is implemented in a CFD code. CFD simulations are validated using measurements obtained in a cone calorimeter. In addition, the CFD code is used to simulate an ISO 9705 room exposed to fire conditions, demonstrating that PCM addition may indeed adversely affect the fire safety of a gypsum plasterboard clad building.

AB - Phase Change Materials (PCM) can be used for thermal energy storage, aiming to enhance building energy efficiency. Recently, gypsum plasterboards with incorporated paraffin-based PCM blends have become commercially available. In the high temperature environment developed during a fire, the paraffins, which exhibit relatively low boiling points, may evaporate and, escaping through the gypsum plasterboard’s porous structure, emerge to the fire region, where they may ignite, thus adversely affecting the fire resistance characteristics of the building. Aiming to assess the fire safety behaviour of such building materials, an extensive experimental and computational analysis is performed. The fire behaviour and the main thermo-physical physical properties of PCM-enhanced gypsum plasterboards are investigated, using a variety of standard tests and devices (Scanning Electron Microscopy, Thermo Gravimetric Analysis, Cone Calorimeter). The obtained results are used to develop a dedicated numerical model, which is implemented in a CFD code. CFD simulations are validated using measurements obtained in a cone calorimeter. In addition, the CFD code is used to simulate an ISO 9705 room exposed to fire conditions, demonstrating that PCM addition may indeed adversely affect the fire safety of a gypsum plasterboard clad building.

KW - facade fire

KW - CFD

KW - Experimental technique

KW - Phase Change Material (PCM)

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M3 - Paper

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