Guidelines and recommendations for indoor use of fuel cells and hydrogen systems

Beatrice Fuster, Deborah Houssin-Agbomson, Simon Jallais, Elena Vyazmina, Guy Dang-Nhu, Gilles Bernard-Michel, Mike Kuznetsov, Vladimir Molkov, Boris Chernyavskiy, Volodymyr Shentsov, Dmitriy Makarov, Randy Dey, Philip Hooker, Daniele Baraldi, Evelyn Weidner, Daniele Melideo, Valerio Palmisano, Alexandros Venetsanos, Jan Der Kinderen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hydrogen energy applications often require that systems are used indoors (e.g., industrial trucks for materials handling in a warehouse facility, fuel cells located in a room, or hydrogen stored and distributed from a gas cabinet). It may also be necessary or desirable to locate some hydrogen system components/equipment inside indoor or outdoor enclosures for security or safety reasons, to isolate them from the end-user and the public, or from weather conditions. Using of hydrogen in confined environments requires detailed assessments of hazards and associated risks, including potential risk prevention and mitigation features. The release of hydrogen can potentially lead to the accumulation of hydrogen and the formation of a flammable hydrogen-air mixture, or can result in jet-fires. Within Hyindoor European Project, carried out for the EU Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking safety design guidelines and engineering tools have been developed to prevent andmitigate hazardous consequences of hydrogen release in confined environments. Three main areas are considered: Hydrogen release conditions and accumulation, vented deflagrations, jet fires and including under-ventilated flame regimes (e.g., extinguishment or oscillating flames and steady burns). Potential RCS recommendations are also identified.
LanguageEnglish
Pages7600-7607
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume42
Issue number11
Early online date21 Jul 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Mar 2017

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recommendations
fuel cells
Fuel cells
Hydrogen
hydrogen
flames
safety
Industrial trucks
Fires
materials handling
deflagration
Warehouses
Materials handling
enclosure
Enclosures
trucks
weather
hazards
rooms
Hazards

Keywords

  • Hydrogen Indoor use Risk mitigation RCS

Cite this

Fuster, B., Houssin-Agbomson, D., Jallais, S., Vyazmina, E., Dang-Nhu, G., Bernard-Michel, G., ... Der Kinderen, J. (2017). Guidelines and recommendations for indoor use of fuel cells and hydrogen systems. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 42(11), 7600-7607. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.05.266
Fuster, Beatrice ; Houssin-Agbomson, Deborah ; Jallais, Simon ; Vyazmina, Elena ; Dang-Nhu, Guy ; Bernard-Michel, Gilles ; Kuznetsov, Mike ; Molkov, Vladimir ; Chernyavskiy, Boris ; Shentsov, Volodymyr ; Makarov, Dmitriy ; Dey, Randy ; Hooker, Philip ; Baraldi, Daniele ; Weidner, Evelyn ; Melideo, Daniele ; Palmisano, Valerio ; Venetsanos, Alexandros ; Der Kinderen, Jan. / Guidelines and recommendations for indoor use of fuel cells and hydrogen systems. In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 2017 ; Vol. 42, No. 11. pp. 7600-7607.
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Fuster, B, Houssin-Agbomson, D, Jallais, S, Vyazmina, E, Dang-Nhu, G, Bernard-Michel, G, Kuznetsov, M, Molkov, V, Chernyavskiy, B, Shentsov, V, Makarov, D, Dey, R, Hooker, P, Baraldi, D, Weidner, E, Melideo, D, Palmisano, V, Venetsanos, A & Der Kinderen, J 2017, 'Guidelines and recommendations for indoor use of fuel cells and hydrogen systems', International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 42, no. 11, pp. 7600-7607. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.05.266

Guidelines and recommendations for indoor use of fuel cells and hydrogen systems. / Fuster, Beatrice; Houssin-Agbomson, Deborah; Jallais, Simon; Vyazmina, Elena; Dang-Nhu, Guy; Bernard-Michel, Gilles; Kuznetsov, Mike; Molkov, Vladimir; Chernyavskiy, Boris; Shentsov, Volodymyr; Makarov, Dmitriy; Dey, Randy; Hooker, Philip; Baraldi, Daniele; Weidner, Evelyn; Melideo, Daniele; Palmisano, Valerio; Venetsanos, Alexandros; Der Kinderen, Jan.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 42, No. 11, 16.03.2017, p. 7600-7607.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Guidelines and recommendations for indoor use of fuel cells and hydrogen systems

AU - Fuster, Beatrice

AU - Houssin-Agbomson, Deborah

AU - Jallais, Simon

AU - Vyazmina, Elena

AU - Dang-Nhu, Guy

AU - Bernard-Michel, Gilles

AU - Kuznetsov, Mike

AU - Molkov, Vladimir

AU - Chernyavskiy, Boris

AU - Shentsov, Volodymyr

AU - Makarov, Dmitriy

AU - Dey, Randy

AU - Hooker, Philip

AU - Baraldi, Daniele

AU - Weidner, Evelyn

AU - Melideo, Daniele

AU - Palmisano, Valerio

AU - Venetsanos, Alexandros

AU - Der Kinderen, Jan

N1 - This output is not REF compliant.

PY - 2017/3/16

Y1 - 2017/3/16

N2 - Hydrogen energy applications often require that systems are used indoors (e.g., industrial trucks for materials handling in a warehouse facility, fuel cells located in a room, or hydrogen stored and distributed from a gas cabinet). It may also be necessary or desirable to locate some hydrogen system components/equipment inside indoor or outdoor enclosures for security or safety reasons, to isolate them from the end-user and the public, or from weather conditions. Using of hydrogen in confined environments requires detailed assessments of hazards and associated risks, including potential risk prevention and mitigation features. The release of hydrogen can potentially lead to the accumulation of hydrogen and the formation of a flammable hydrogen-air mixture, or can result in jet-fires. Within Hyindoor European Project, carried out for the EU Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking safety design guidelines and engineering tools have been developed to prevent andmitigate hazardous consequences of hydrogen release in confined environments. Three main areas are considered: Hydrogen release conditions and accumulation, vented deflagrations, jet fires and including under-ventilated flame regimes (e.g., extinguishment or oscillating flames and steady burns). Potential RCS recommendations are also identified.

AB - Hydrogen energy applications often require that systems are used indoors (e.g., industrial trucks for materials handling in a warehouse facility, fuel cells located in a room, or hydrogen stored and distributed from a gas cabinet). It may also be necessary or desirable to locate some hydrogen system components/equipment inside indoor or outdoor enclosures for security or safety reasons, to isolate them from the end-user and the public, or from weather conditions. Using of hydrogen in confined environments requires detailed assessments of hazards and associated risks, including potential risk prevention and mitigation features. The release of hydrogen can potentially lead to the accumulation of hydrogen and the formation of a flammable hydrogen-air mixture, or can result in jet-fires. Within Hyindoor European Project, carried out for the EU Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking safety design guidelines and engineering tools have been developed to prevent andmitigate hazardous consequences of hydrogen release in confined environments. Three main areas are considered: Hydrogen release conditions and accumulation, vented deflagrations, jet fires and including under-ventilated flame regimes (e.g., extinguishment or oscillating flames and steady burns). Potential RCS recommendations are also identified.

KW - Hydrogen Indoor use Risk mitigation RCS

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.05.266

DO - 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.05.266

M3 - Article

VL - 42

SP - 7600

EP - 7607

JO - International Journal of Hydrogen Energy

T2 - International Journal of Hydrogen Energy

JF - International Journal of Hydrogen Energy

SN - 0360-3199

IS - 11

ER -

Fuster B, Houssin-Agbomson D, Jallais S, Vyazmina E, Dang-Nhu G, Bernard-Michel G et al. Guidelines and recommendations for indoor use of fuel cells and hydrogen systems. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 2017 Mar 16;42(11):7600-7607. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.05.266