The papers in this special section focus on the ability to integrate evolving incubator models into the organization. Management and organizational science focusing on the complex process of R&D that leads to the subsequent commercialization has come a long way since the days of post-World War II industrial and research laboratories. In this context, the evolution of the incubator can be retraced from the foundational research in the 1950s and 1960s of Researchon-Research—that explored the R&D process in a number of settings to derive and test theories of organization behavior. Since then, we have seen a concentration of research and practice that have spanned a burgeoning range of incubators models and entities that, in some manner, exist to play a role to support and harness new technology-based start-ups. For more than half a century, these third-party entities in the entrepreneurial ecosystem have spread from the United States to Europe and are a well-established worldwide phenomenon. Business incubators have been largely viewed as an essential means to facilitating the process of knowledge transfer and tech-based commercialization through the provision of office infrastructure, laboratories and equipment, business support services, mentoring, and access to entrepreneurial finance and specialist networks for the founders of these embryonic start-ups.
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Strategy and Management