Greek (σ)τεγος “roof”, Old Irish teg, Clare Irish [tʹe’] “house”: a stratified reappraisal of “house” in pan-Gaelic

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Abstract

This article looks at Common Celtic *tegos ‘house’ (cognate with Ancient Greek (s)tegos ‘roof’) in Continental and Insular Celtic sources over a span of some two millennia. It is discovered that the only modern Celtic-speaking areas to preserve the Old Irish nominative singular teg ‘house’ were the dialects of Clare and Tipperary - where teh survived (a form yet to be identified until these findings were published).
The survival of multiple by-forms such as teagh, teach,tigh, toigh ‘house’ in the medieval bardic Irish Grammtical Tracts show the uniqueness of this body of grammatical material in a European context, as it catered for the dialectal rather than insisting on a centralised form.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMélanges en l'honneur de Pierre-Yves Lambert
EditorsGuilliam Oudaer, Gaël Hily , Herve Le Bihan
Place of PublicationRann ar Brezhoneg Skol-Veur Roazhon-2 Plasenn Recteur ar Moal CS 24307 35043 ROAZHON Cedex
PublisherUniversité de Bretagne Occidentale
Chapter16
Pages139-183
Number of pages45
ISBN (Print)9782917681275
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2015

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