Going Green and Cold: Biosurfactantsfrom Low-Temperature Environments to Biotechnology Applications

Ibrahim Banat, R Marchant, Amedea Perfumo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Approximately 80% of the Earth’s biosphere is cold at an average temperature of 5ºC and is populated by a diversity of microorganisms that are a precious source of molecules with high biotechnological potential. Biosurfactants from psychrophiles can interact with multiple physical phases - water, ice, hydrophobic compounds and gases - at low and freezing temperatures, and be of use in sustainable (green) and low energy-impact (cold) products and processes. In this review we provide an overview of the biodiversity of microbial biosurfactants produced in cold habitats and a perspective on the most promising future applications in environmental and industrial technologies. Finally, we encourage the search of the cryosphere for novel types of biosurfactants via both culture screening and functional metagenomics.
LanguageEnglish
Pages277-289
Number of pages13
JournalTrends in Biotechnology
Volume36
Issue number3
Early online date7 Feb 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018

Fingerprint

biotechnology
industrial technology
cryosphere
environmental technology
biosphere
freezing
microorganism
temperature
biodiversity
ice
habitat
gas
energy
cold
water

Keywords

  • biosurfactants
  • cold-active detergents
  • low temperature
  • metagenomics
  • psychrophiles

Cite this

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abstract = "Approximately 80{\%} of the Earth’s biosphere is cold at an average temperature of 5ºC and is populated by a diversity of microorganisms that are a precious source of molecules with high biotechnological potential. Biosurfactants from psychrophiles can interact with multiple physical phases - water, ice, hydrophobic compounds and gases - at low and freezing temperatures, and be of use in sustainable (green) and low energy-impact (cold) products and processes. In this review we provide an overview of the biodiversity of microbial biosurfactants produced in cold habitats and a perspective on the most promising future applications in environmental and industrial technologies. Finally, we encourage the search of the cryosphere for novel types of biosurfactants via both culture screening and functional metagenomics.",
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Going Green and Cold: Biosurfactantsfrom Low-Temperature Environments to Biotechnology Applications. / Banat, Ibrahim; Marchant, R; Perfumo, Amedea.

In: Trends in Biotechnology, Vol. 36, No. 3, 03.2018, p. 277-289.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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